Tips on how to Plant, Develop, and Look after Tiny Tim’ Candy Alyssum


White alyssum needs to be a staple flower in any backyard. The flowers are sweetly scented, lovable, and versatile, attracting a large number of useful bugs and pollinators. ‘Tiny Tim’ is the traditional, white model of candy alyssum, good for containers, decorative border beds, and companion planting with greens.

Let’s dive in to the best way to plant, develop, and look after this beautiful little flower.

Overview 

Close-up of Tiny Tim Sweet Alyssum blossoms in bloom against a blurred green background. It features dense clusters of tiny, four-petaled white flowers that resemble miniature butterflies. The foliage is composed of small, lance-shaped leaves that are bright green and densely packed along the stems.


Botanical Title 


Lobularia maritima


Plant Kind 


Perennial flowering floor cowl usually grown as an annual


Household


Brassicaceae (mustard)


Particular Traits


Edible flowers, candy perfume, drought resistant 


Native Space 


Mediterranean area 


Publicity


Full solar to partial shade


Watering Necessities 


Reasonable


Alternate Title


Alyssum, candy Alison, carpet flowers 


Pests 


Bagrada bug, caterpillars, aster leafhopper 


Ailments


Root rot and wilt, downy mildew, botrytis blight, leaf blight


Hardiness Zones


5-9, perennial in 11th of September


Bloom Time


Spring till frost 

Tiny Tim Candy Alyssum Seeds

Tiny Tim Sweet Alyssum Seeds

Plant Historical past 

Close-up of Tiny Tim Sweet Alyssum blooming against a blurred background of green foliage. Tiny Tim Sweet Alyssum is a compact and delicate annual plant with masses of tiny flowers that bloom in clusters. Its foliage consists of small, lance-shaped leaves that form dense mats of greenery. The flowers are bright white.
Courting again to the 1500s, this plant is a low-maintenance border flower aiding soil biodiversity and attracting pollinators.

Candy alyssum is a drought-tolerant Mediterranean plant that has been cultivated because the 1500s when it was used principally for medicinal functions. Fashionable-day gardeners use the plant as a low-maintenance border flower, companion plant, floor cowl, and insectary plant.

‘Tiny Tim’ is a spread that’s significantly compact and drought-tolerant. The low-growing crops are lovely and provide nice advantages resembling improved biodiversity, diminished pest strain, essential pollinator sources, and weed suppression.

Look

Close-up of blooming Tiny Tim Sweet Alyssum flowers on a blurred background. The plant has a cluster of tiny, four-petaled blooms of white color with orange stamens in the centers.
A low-growing perennial, ‘Tiny Tim’ options clusters of tiny white flowers very best for floor cowl.

‘Tiny Tim’ is a low-growing perennial recognized for its clusters of tiny, four-petaled, white flowers with tender yellow facilities. It’s nicknamed carpet flower for good motive; its unfold is simply 6-12 inches, and grows simply two to 4 inches tall. The alternating leaves are lengthy, oval, and slender, and the expansion behavior is mounding, conserving the soil shaded and moist beneath its cover.

Very best for retaining partitions, rock gardens, and alongside pathways, ‘Tiny Tim’ will spill over partitions and rocks, fill in cracks and crevices, and create a white blanket of buzzing flowers. 

Standout Characteristic

Close-up of bee on Lobularia maritima flowers on a blurred background. Up close, 'Tiny Tim' Sweet Alyssum flowers reveal their exquisite delicacy and miniature beauty. Each tiny blossom, measuring only a few millimeters in diameter, forms a compact cluster atop delicate, branching stems. The four-petaled flowers showcase bright white color.
Folks and pollinators love the flowers for his or her aromatic, honey-like scent.

Gardeners and pollinators adore alyssum for its honey-like candy scent, which wafts by way of the breeze. Add it to containers and place them close to home windows and doorways to benefit from the perfume inside your property.

Tiny pollinators particularly love these flowers as a result of it’s simple for them to feed on the small nectaries. Alyssum may also entice honeybees, bumblebees, hummingbirds, and butterflies. 

Tips on how to Develop

Total, alyssum is low-maintenance and forgiving. It could possibly adapt properly to several types of soil and climates. You should not have any downside cultivating this plant in your backyard. Plant it alongside fruiting crops to safe increased charges of pollination.

Gentle 

Close-up of Lobularia maritima blooming in a sunny garden. Lobularia maritima, commonly known as Sweet Alyssum, presents a dainty and delicate appearance with its profusion of tiny, four-petaled flowers and fine, lance-shaped leaves. The flowers, borne in clusters atop branching stems, come in a white hue. The foliage consists of small, elongated leaves that form dense mats of greenery, providing a lovely backdrop for the delicate blooms.
Plant alyssum in a sunny to partially shaded location for optimum development.

For probably the most flowers and perfume, plant ‘Tiny Tim’ in a spot the place it receives full solar to partial shade. Hotter climates can have searing solar, so plant alyssum the place it will get afternoon shade. Six hours of principally direct solar is finest.

Water 

Close-up of a blooming Lobularia maritima inflorescence with water drops on a blurred green background. Sweet Alyssum are characterized by their tiny, four-petaled blooms that form dense clusters atop slender stems. These delicate flowers are bright white.
Irrigate with one inch of water per week if there is no such thing as a rain. It’s drought-tolerant as soon as established.

Water one inch per week if no rainfall has occurred. As soon as established, alyssum is drought-tolerant and resilient. It is best to water transplants extra as they set up themselves within the panorama.

Soil 

Close-up of a mound of white Lobuaria flowers in bloom in the garden. The soil is moist and dark brown. Lobularia maritima, commonly known as Sweet Alyssum, is a delicate and low-growing annual plant with fine, lance-shaped leaves forming dense mats of greenery. The plant produces clusters of tiny, fragrant flowers in shades of white.
For prolific fall blooms, use well-draining soil with pretty impartial pH between 6.0 and seven.0.

Present well-draining soil with a pH between 6.0 and seven.0. Preserve the soil moist all through the season for the most effective likelihood at prolific summer time and fall blooms. Soil texture can fluctuate so long as it stays moist and well-drained. Soggy soil may cause root rot.

Mulch

Close-up of Marigold flowers in the middle of field of Lobularia maritima against a blurred background of white inflorescences. 'Tiny Tim' Sweet Alyssum is a diminutive and compact annual plant with small, lance-shaped leaves densely covering its delicate stems. The plant is adorned with masses of tiny, fragrant flowers that bloom in clusters atop branching stems, showing bright white color. Marigolds' leaves are dark green, deeply lobed, and aromatic. Marigold flowers come in various shades of yellow, orange, and red, with a characteristic daisy-like appearance, featuring multiple layers of petals radiating from a central disk.
This groundcover plant acts as pure mulch, eliminating the necessity for added mulch.

‘Tiny Tim’ is the good groundcover as a result of it turns into a pure mulch for surrounding crops. This implies it’s not essential to mulch round it, however mulch may be added in decorative gardens for aesthetic functions. 

Local weather and Temperature

Close-up of a flowering Sweet Alyssum plant (Lobularia maritima) covered with snow in the garden. It features small, lance-shaped leaves densely packed along slender stems, creating a lush carpet of greenery. The plant is adorned with clusters of tiny, four-petaled flowers that come in white.
This cool-climate perennial nonetheless wants safety from heavy frosts.

Alyssum prefers cooler temperatures (50-60°F or 10-16­°C), and will dry out or turn into a bit brown in the summertime warmth. It could possibly tolerate chilly temperatures, however a heavy frost may trigger demise. The crops needs to be protected with row cowl if an early-season frost is predicted after transplanting exterior.

‘Tiny Tim’ is generally grown as an annual, because it’s simple to start out from seed and it could possibly get leggy in its second yr. It may be grown as a perennial in zones 5+, and it’s reasonably drought-resistant. 

Fertilizing 

Close-up of a gardener's hands pouring liquid fertilizer into a large blue plastic watering can in a sunny garden next to flowering Sweet Alyssum plants. Liquid fertilizers come in a yellow plastic bottle with a red cap.
Add phosphorus-rich natural fertilizer throughout cooler spring and fall temperatures for extra blooms.

Fertilize when flowers are blooming and temperatures are cooler within the spring and fall. Nevertheless, make sure you use a liquid diluted to 1/4 energy. It’s because alyssum doesn’t carry out as properly in soil with additional fertility. You may feed them till the warmth of summer time kicks in. Crops received’t uptake vitamins when temperatures are above 50°F (10°C).

Choose an natural fertilizer that’s excessive in phosphorus and low in nitrogen, ideally a liquid that may be utilized after rain or irrigation. Comply with the directions on the fertilizer container. 

Harvesting

Close-up of four bunches of Lobularia maritima in the garden on a wooden surface. Lobularia maritima wrapped with natural brown Jute fabric. Sweet Alyssum presents delicate foliage and charming flowers. Its leaves are small, lance-shaped, and densely packed along slender stems, forming lush mats of greenery. The flowers, comprised of four petite petals, bloom in clusters atop the foliage and come in a soft palette of white.
This cultivar is just too quick for chopping flowers, however is appropriate for edible garnishes and tiny, giftable pots.

This cultivar is sort of quick, so it’s not very best for chopping flowers. Nevertheless, ‘Tiny Tim’ may be harvested to make use of as an edible garnish.

Merely pluck off the tops of healthy-looking flowers in full bloom however earlier than they’ve been totally pollinated. You can even snip off entire stems, relying on what number of you want. Add them to early summer time salads or use a full stem as a dainty cake topper. 

Pruning

Top view close-up of a young Lobularia maritima plant with a plastic thin circle support. Lobularia maritima, commonly known as Sweet Alyssum, exhibits slender stems adorned with small, lance-shaped leaves that densely cover the plant. The leaves are bright green and form a dense mat of foliage. Small clusters of tiny white four-petalled flowers.
No pruning is required, however a lightweight minimize refreshes and stimulates new development.

‘Tiny Tim’ doesn’t require any pruning. Nevertheless, should you discover a number of brown petals and need to freshen it up, a lightweight prune will encourage new development. Prune away useless or diseased foliage with sterilized pruning shears as wanted.

Amassing Seeds

Close-up of Sweet Alyssum blooming in the garden. Lobularia maritima boasts delicate stems bearing small, lance-shaped leaves that densely cover the plant in a lush mat of bright green foliage. Clusters of tiny, fragrant flowers, in soft pastel hues of white, adorn the stems, creating a charming display. As the flowers fade, they develop into small seed pods containing numerous tiny seeds.
Harvest seeds from mature flower clusters, take away from pods, and retailer in labeled containers.

If you wish to replicate your crops, you may gather seeds on the finish of the season or enable crops to self-sow. They resemble small, barely flatter coriander seeds. The decrease, extra mature flower clusters will type seed pods first. Wait till they’re brown and dry in look.

Gently tug the stem off the plant or snip it off, then launch the sunshine brown seeds by rolling the stem in your fingers over a paper towel or right into a bowl. Shake the colander over a bowl, and the seeds will fall by way of because the stems and dried leaves stay. Discard any that aren’t totally dried or enable them to air dry for a number of days earlier than packing them up for storage. 

Retailer the seeds in a brown seed bag or an hermetic plastic container. Label with the variability and yr saved. Retailer them in a cool, dry spot till it’s time to sow.

Propagation 

Propagation of alyssum is simple from seed or cuttings. Dividing just isn’t beneficial. You should not have any downside creating extra alyssum from seed or chopping, although.

Seed

Rows of Sweet Alyssum seedlings growing in containers in a greenhouse. The seedlings grow in rectangular black plastic trays. They possess a rosette of lance-shaped, smooth, bright green leaves.
Begin ‘Tiny Tim’ from seed indoors earlier than the final frost, conserving soil moist for germination.

Beginning ‘Tiny Tim’ from seed is extraordinarily simple. If it’s your first time rising alyssum, seeds are available to buy, or you can begin seeds utilizing final yr’s saved seeds. Sow seeds indoors 4 to 5 weeks earlier than the final frost in your area. 

Sprinkle them over a strip tray or small cell tray, and don’t cowl them, as gentle is required to germinate. Water from beneath to maintain the seeds in place and make sure the soil stays moist. Germination might take 5-15 days.

If direct seeding into the backyard, sprinkle a pinch of 20-30 seeds about each six inches and skinny as wanted. A packet of 5,000 seeds will cowl about 100 sq. toes. 

Professional Tip: This flower simply self-seeds within the backyard, which is an indication you may winter sow it! Sow seeds in February to get a jumpstart on spring seedlings.

Cuttings

Close-up of Sweet alyssum seedlings in a rectangular pot under sunlight. The seedlings have upright short stems covered with narrow, lanceolate leaves with a smooth texture and bright green color.
For hotter areas, propagate with spring or fall cuttings.

Softwood cuttings are beneficial for hotter areas the place alyssum grows as a perennial. Within the spring or fall, minimize about 4 inches off the stem prime and pot it up in recent soil.

Preserve the soil moist, and new roots will type. Step these up as wanted into bigger containers or transplant them open air. That is additionally a good way to develop seedlings for presents or resale. 

Self-Seeding

Close-up of a blooming Sweet alyssum in a sunny garden. Sweet alyssum (Lobularia maritima) in bloom presents a captivating sight with its dense clusters of tiny, delicate flowers adorning low, spreading mounds of foliage. The blooms are white.
Alyssum self-seeds simply, germinating subsequent season. It’s shallow-rooted and straightforward to take away.

Your alyssum plant will drop seeds, and hopefully some will germinate for you subsequent season. In hotter rising areas, they could germinate this season if circumstances enable. Alyssum is shallow-rooted and straightforward to tug up should you don’t need the seedlings to stay the place they germinate. 

Planting

Transplant within the spring or fall, relying in your area. In areas with quick springs, go for a gentle fall to present the plant extra time to ascertain within the panorama.

Hardening Off 

Close-up of flowering Lobularia maritima seedlings in black pots, in a plastic black box, on soil in the garden. the plants bloom in clusters of tiny, four-petaled white flowers. The leaves are lanceolate, dark green in color.
Harden off seedlings at 50°F (10°C) earlier than transplanting, defending from early spring frost if wanted.

Harden off seedlings at round 50°F (10°C) earlier than transplanting to allow them to acclimate to outside circumstances. Cowl them with row cowl or deliver them indoors briefly if there’s any danger of early spring frost.

Spacing

Depart six to eight inches between crops and about the identical between rows. It could look like you may squeeze extra in at first, however keep in mind, they’ll unfold out right into a carpet-like mat, so don’t overcrowd them.

Transplanting

Close-up of a gardener in red gloves holding a box of young flowering Sweet Alyssum seedlings against a blurred background of flowering plants. Lobularia maritima, commonly known as sweet alyssum, displays a dainty appearance with its small, lance-shaped leaves and delicate stems that bear clusters of tiny, four-petaled flowers. These blossoms are white. Some leaves are dry, brown and yellowed.
Transplant seedlings after frost danger, ideally within the fall in gentle climates.

Plant out seedlings after the danger of frost has handed or after the warmth of summer time. These crops love cooler climate.

To maneuver alyssum from one location to a brand new one within the backyard, transplant within the fall when new development is occurring. Solely transplant crops whose roots are sturdy and wholesome. Water new transplants properly. Take into account fertilizing to offer a lift. 

Plant Makes use of

The crisp, white flowers of ‘Tiny Tim’ white alyssum will complement absolutely anything rising in your backyard. They’re nice companion crops and complement the veggie backyard properly. However that’s not the one means to make use of alyssum.

Design Concepts

Close-up of Lobularia maritima 'Tiny Tim' flowering plant in large clay pots in the garden. Lobularia maritima 'Tiny Tim,' a compact variety of sweet alyssum, boasts diminutive foliage and petite, four-petaled flowers that form dense clusters.
The flowering stems cascade over partitions, window containers, and hanging baskets, enhancing cottage gardens and borders.

‘Tiny Tim’ will cascade over retaining partitions, rock partitions, the perimeters of window containers, and hanging baskets, including a whimsical really feel to a cottage backyard as a vivid white understory.

Develop it with creeping thyme and ‘Autumn Pleasure’ sedum alongside a walkway or backyard border, or distinction it towards daring salvia, zinnias, and snapdragons. 

Insectary Plant

Close-up of Black wasp on small white flowers (Lobularia maritima) in the garden. Lobularia maritima flowers, commonly known as sweet alyssum blooms, are characterized by their small, delicate structure. Each flower consists of four petals arranged symmetrically around a central point, forming tiny clusters that densely cover the plant's foliage. Wasp has a slender body with a distinct narrow waist, typically marked with black and yellow bands or patches. It possesses a pair of wings with a smooth and shiny appearance.
The white flowers entice useful bugs like wasps, hoverflies, and pirate bugs, controlling backyard pests.

The gorgeous white flowers of ‘Tiny Tim’ entice parasitic wasps, hoverflies, and minute pirate bugs. Having these predators round will maintain aphids, mites, moths, mealy bugs, and varied different backyard pests in examine.

Research present there could also be a rise within the longevity of useful wasps when alyssum is planted close to annual greens. No surprise alyssum is such an important companion plant!

Medicinal Makes use of 

Close-up of blooming inflorescences of Lobularia maritima on a blurred green background. The white flowers are delicate and small, each featuring four rounded petals arranged symmetrically around a central point. These blooms form dense clusters that cover the plant's foliage, creating a charming carpet of white.
Courting again to the 1500s, this plant was used as a medicinal herb.

Within the 1500s, candy alyssum was used to deal with colds, coughs, and varied stomach illnesses. It is called a pure diuretic and is usually used homeopathically to stop kidney illness and assist with water retention.

Companion Crops 

Close-up of a flower bed with blooming flowers of Lobularia maritima and marigolds. Marigolds are characterized by sturdy stems adorned with dense clusters of flowers in shades of yellow, orange, or red. The blooms feature multiple layers of petals arranged symmetrically around a central disc, creating a full and textured appearance. Lobularia maritima produces clusters of tiny white flowers on thin stems covered with lanceolate green leaves.
Plant close to greens for elevated pollination and pest management.

Candy alyssum attracts a number of useful bugs. Planting alyssum close to long-season annual greens will drastically improve the speed of pollination, which can result in improved general development and yields. You can even use the plant to maintain weed strain down. Nevertheless, don’t let it turn into unruly, and permit for correct airflow across the base of crops.

Including ‘Tiny Tim’ on the base of vivid zinnias, beebalm, or alongside decorative cabbage will add contrasting magnificence. Hanging baskets of alyssum will function insectaries and assist with pest management in container gardens.

Edible Flowers

Close-up of blooming white alyssum flowers in a garden on a blurred green background. Each flower features four small petals arranged in a cross-like formation, white. These blooms grow in dense clusters that blanket the plant's foliage, creating a captivating carpet of color.
The blossoms add a gentle mustard taste to salads, soups, stews, charcuterie, and desserts.

The gentle mustard taste makes an important addition to recent salads, soups, and stews or to garnish charcuterie boards. Add the flowers to brightly coloured desserts as a fragile garnish. 

Frequent Issues

Candy alyssum isn’t normally destroyed by pests or illness, however listed below are a number of to be careful for. Younger crops are sometimes rather more vulnerable to pests, whereas extra mature, wholesome crops stave them off with ease.

Painted Bug or Bagrada Bug (Bagrada hilaris)

Close-up of Bagrada bugs on green leaves. Bagrada bugs (Bagrada hilaris), also known as painted bugs or harlequin bugs, are small, shield-shaped insects with distinctive black and orange-red markings on their bodies.
The Bagrada bug, a small stink bug, targets alyssum, inflicting plant injury.

This stink bug loves members of the mustard household, together with alyssum. You’ll have mistaken the Bagrada bug for a harlequin bug. Though it has distinctive black and white markings, it’s a lot smaller, at simply ¼ inch lengthy. It options orange and white markings, and a again formed like a protect.

Nymphs are orangish-red with a black head, barely resembling woman beetles. Females can lay as much as 100 eggs in a number of quick weeks, which hatch out when the alyssum blooms within the spring and fall. The Bagrada bug thrives in scorching temperatures.

Bagrada bugs trigger severe injury to younger crops by piercing and feeding on plant tissues. Signs embody recognizing, stunted development, wilting, or demise. They cover within the soil throughout the cooler components of the day and at evening. Early detection, scouting, and killing are essential. It additionally helps to prioritize wholesome soil and crops. Use insect netting when crops are younger. Take away infested crops if wanted and weed the world frequently. 

Caterpillars

Close-up of Diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) larvae on a green leaf. It is small and cylindrical, has pale green coloration with a yellowish tinge and is marked by rows of tiny, black spots along its body.
Detect and handle diamondback moth and cabbage looper caterpillars early to stop injury.

Diamondback moth larvae chew round holes in leaves, giving them a shothole impact, whereas cabbage loopers trigger extra of a Swiss cheese impact by chewing throughout.

Early detection is essential. Spray Bt preventatively. If detected, hand-pick them right into a jar of soapy water. Take away all backyard particles earlier than closing up for winter and observe correct crop rotation to maintain future caterpillar strain down. 

Aster Leafhopper (Macrosteles quadrilineatus)

Close-up of Macrosteles quadrilineatus, commonly known as the aster leafhopper, on a green hairy stem. It is a slender insect measuring about 4 to 5 millimeters in length. It has a pale green to yellowish body with four distinct dark stripes running longitudinally along its wings and thorax, giving it a striped appearance. The wings are transparent with a delicate veining pattern.
A detrimental virus spreads by way of contaminated crops from aster leafhoppers.

Aster Yellows is transmitted after aster leafhoppers feed on contaminated crops. The aster leafhopper is ⅛ inch in dimension and grayish-green. They’re laborious to manage and have a lot of most popular host crops. They transfer rapidly, sucking juices from crops, giving them a mottled look.

You may even see two to 3 generations of this insect per season. Nymphs hatch in June to early July. Take away doable weed hosts and contaminated crops instantly to lower the danger of attracting the aster leafhopper. 

Root Rot and Wilt

Close-up of Lobularia maritima affected by root rot. The stems and leaves are weak and brownish in color. Clusters of tiny white flowers grow at the tops of the stems.
Forestall root rot by avoiding overwatering in heavy soil.

Root rot is attributable to Rhizoctonia solani. Above-ground signs embody yellowing, wilting, and foliar collapse. Don’t overwater, particularly you probably have heavier soil. Prevention is vital as crops will probably not recuperate as soon as root rot happens.

Downy Mildew

Close-up of Downy mildew on the sweet alyssum leaves. Lobularia maritima blooms with white, four-petalled flowers against a background of pale green lanceolate foliage. Some leaves have beige-yellow spots due to disease.
Monitor higher leaf yellowing for indicators of downy mildew, sustaining plant well being with correct watering and spacing for airflow.

Pay shut consideration to higher leaf yellowing as it might point out alyssum downy mildew attributable to Peronospora. Spots will finally break by way of as fuzzy mildew. Leaves will start to shrivel and drop if the an infection persists.

Preserve crops wholesome and water within the early morning to keep away from moist foliage going into the evening. This decreases the danger of fungal exercise and fungal illness. Give crops ample house and supply good airflow.

Botrytis Blight or Grey Mould

Close-up of a leaf of infected Botrytis blight on a blurred background. Botrytis blight, caused by the fungus Botrytis cinerea, appears as fuzzy gray and brown patches on the plant leaf.
Forestall grey mould with good airflow, tidy gardens, and copper sprays or fungicides.

Poor circulation and moist foliage may cause grey mould, which reveals up as weak plant tissue, and brown or black spots on petals, leaves, and buds. Grey mould spores are simply unfold.

Crops can recuperate when circumstances enhance. Management with copper sprays or fungicides. Cultural management contains backyard tidiness, drip irrigation, and correct airflow.

Leaf Blight

Close-up of a green leaf affected by Leaf blight. Leaf blight is a fungal disease that manifests as irregularly shaped lesions on plant leaves, initially appearing as water-soaked spots that later turn brown or black.
This illness thrives in extended moist circumstances, inflicting chlorotic areas on higher leaves and fuzzy development.

Blight arises and spreads during times of prolonged wetness. Signs seem as chlorotic areas on higher leaf surfaces, sometimes later within the rising season. As soon as it breaks by way of, grayish, purple fuzzy development will seem. Copper fungicides may also help.

Last Ideas

Add ‘Tiny Tim’ to your backyard for a low-maintenance, enticing, and useful floor cowl. You’ll take pleasure in its crisp white flower clusters and honey-sweet scent, and so will your native pollinators!

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