Cultivation Carrots do finest in deep, well-cultivated sandy loam, ideally well-manured for the earlier crop. Recent manure causes forking and extreme prime progress. Apply compound fertilizer 7-10 days previous to sowing. This can be fish meal or 3 elements of superphosphate, 2 elements of sulfate of potash and 1 a part of sulfate of ammonia, utilized at 85g (3oz) per sq m (sq yd). Sow early crops thinly in drills 6mm (.25in) deep and 23cm (9in) other than November onwards in warmth or below cloches in January or February as quickly because the soil is workable. Skinny the seedlings as required, utilizing the younger roots as they develop into match to be used.
Outside sowing might start in early March or when the bottom is suitably dry. Successive sowings of short-horn and stump-rooted sorts made at three-week intervals till the center of June present a steady provide of younger carrots all through the summer season. Make drills for the primary crop 12mm (0.5in) deep and 3040cm (12-15in) aside. Postpone sowings of the primary crop for storing till late Might or June the place carrot fly is troublesome. Skinny principal crop to 5cm (2in) when the seedlings are giant sufficient to deal with, lastly thinning to 16cm (6in). As a precaution towards carrot fly, draw soil in the direction of the rows after thinning, and a mix of pathogenic nematodes. Elevate for the winter storing in October.
Fastidiously carry the roots with a fork and minimize the tops to 12mm (0.5in) above the basis. Retailer in layers of dry sand or ash in a cool shed or the place the amount is giant, use the clamp methodology as for potatoes. The shop should not be damp or delicate rot will consequence. The place cloches or frames can be found, make a sowing of a stump-rooted selection in August out-of-doors and place the cloches in place in October for pulling November and December. Hoe all through the season to maintain down weeds and to maintain the soil floor crumbly. Cautious watering all through the season obviates root cracking which happens when a interval of drought is adopted by heavy rain. In consequence, slugs and millipedes discover their approach into the basis and are blamed for the extreme harm. With good crop rotation and cultivation, there ought to be little problem with pests or illnesses.
Among the many dependable varieties are:
Earliest French Horn and Early Nates.
Stump-rooted: Pink Coned Early Market.
Intermediate: St. Valery.
Important crop: James’s Scarlet Intermediate.