The way to Plant, Develop, and Look after Russian Sage


Rising in zone 5b, it may be tough to search out vegetation that serve my backyard properly, survive our harsh winters, and are low-maintenance and delightful. I used to be thrilled once I realized of Russian sage, and I really like how straightforward it’s to develop and look after. 

This plant provides a number of lavender and catmint vibes, is pollinator-friendly, and gives whimsical allure to my backyard, all whereas being comparatively pest-free and performing properly in our rocky New Hampshire soil. Plus, it doesn’t maintain a grudge if I neglect to water it. It prefers it! 

Be a part of me as I share why I really like Russian sage and how you can plant, develop, and look after this pretty perennial shrub

Overview 

Close-up of a flowering Russian Sage plant against a blurred background. The plant features slender, upright stems adorned with numerous tiny, tubular lavender-blue flowers.


Botanical Title 


Salvia yangii (Perovskia atriplicifolia)


Plant Kind 


Herbaceous perennial shrub


Genus


Salvia subg. Perovskia


Particular Traits


Drought and salt-tolerant, pollinators like it


Native Space 


Central Asia


Watering Necessities


Low


Soil Kind 


Thoroughly-draining, performs properly in poor-quality soil

What Is It?

Close-up of Perovskia plant flowers in a sunny garden. The small, lavender-blue blossoms form dense clusters along elongated spikes. Each individual flower exhibits a tubular shape with flared, two-lipped ends.
This herbaceous shrub with a woody base and herbaceous stems excels in each scorching, dry, sunny climates and colder climates.

This lovely herbaceous shrub has an attention-grabbing background and performs properly in scorching, dry, sunny climates. It does surprisingly properly when grown in colder climates, too.

Technically a sub-shrub, it has a woody base with flowering herbaceous stems. It was named the Perennial Plant of the Yr in 1995 by the Perennial Plant Affiliation

Historical past 

Close-up of a bushy Russian Sage plant in bloom in a sunny garden. It grows to a height of 3 to 5 feet, featuring slender, silver-gray stems adorned with finely dissected, aromatic leaves. The plant is crowned with abundant spires of tiny, tubular lavender-blue flowers that form dense, feathery spikes.
This placing perennial has leaves that, when crushed, emit a scent harking back to sage.

This gorgeous perennial, oddly, will not be a real sage nor from Russia! The aroma given off when leaves are crushed and used medicinally steeped into tea is barely harking back to sage. It was not too long ago reclassified as a member of the Salvia household and is now generally known as Salvia yangii.

Sage and Salvia

Close-up of a bushy Russian Sage plant in bloom in a sunny garden with a backdrop of blooming black-eyed Susans. Russian Sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia) is a visually striking perennial characterized by slender silver-gray stems and finely dissected, aromatic leaves. The plant boasts abundant spikes of tiny, tubular lavender-blue flowers, creating an airy and elegant effect. The Black-eyed Susan bold features, daisy-like flowers with prominent golden-yellow petals radiating around a dark central cone.
Traditionally, sage was primarily used for medicinal functions.

The phrases sage and salvia surprisingly have the identical Latin origin, ‘salvere’ which means to save lots of. The Romans known as widespread sage salvia, or “the plant that saves,” which is the place the genus identify finally got here from within the botanical world. 

In Roman instances, sage was largely used medicinally, whereas as we speak, it’s broadly used within the culinary world for its earthy tones and recent aromas. 

Makes use of

Close-up of flowering Perovskia atriplicifolia plants against the backdrop of a green garden. The plants produce long thin gray stems with dense, spire-like clusters of lavender-blue tubular flowers.
Its flowers can be utilized in important oils.

There are a number of conventional medicinal makes use of for this plant’s flowers, however not its leaves. Important oils can be expelled and utilized in related methods. Be cautious, because the leaves are poisonous and will not be consumed

The flowers and leaves may be dried and utilized in potpourri. The flowers add a pleasant peppery taste to salads and create a bit of ritual to a cocktail. 

You’ll find Russian sage capsules, powders, and teas at most well being meals shops. Seek the advice of a health care provider earlier than incorporating it into your food regimen to make sure it’s secure for you, and solely use it as instructed. 

Look

Close-up of a flowering Perovskia atriplicifolia plant in a garden. The plant features slender, silver-gray stems adorned with finely dissected leaves. The plant has many small lavender-blue flowers that bloom in spire-like clusters atop the stems.
This decorative perennial has silvery-green foliage, bluish-purple flowers, and durable stems.

Resembling lavender and smelling like sage, however botanically not associated to both, Russian sage is a decorative flowering perennial. This pretty shrub grows about 3-5 ft tall and 2-4 ft broad, with silvery-green foliage and bluish-purple flowers. The stems are sturdy and stiff except they don’t get ample daylight. Then, they could flop over and wish assist. 

Its small purple flowers are tubular, two-lipped, and whorled, the right touchdown strip for bees, hummingbirds, and butterflies. The sepals are lined in tiny white and purple hairs, giving it a fluffy look. Every panicle has many branches, and it grows erect, creating an open mound impact when in full bloom. 

When you’ve ever grown conventional perennial salvia, you’ll discover the resemblance is uncanny. It pairs properly with many various vegetation and flowers. 

Native Space

Close-up of densely growing Perovskia atriplicifolia plants in a garden. Perovskia atriplicifolia, commonly known as Russian sage, is an ornamental perennial with a distinctive appearance. The plant features finely dissected gray-green leaves that are deeply lobed, giving them a fern-like or feathery appearance. Perovskia atriplicifolia produces tall, slender spikes of tiny tubular flowers that form dense, whorled clusters. These flowers are delicate lavender-blue color.
This species thrives on hillsides and grasslands, adapting efficiently to the recent and dry situations with chilly winters.

Native to Central Asia and Tibet, it may be discovered on hillsides and grasslands, rising fortunately on slopes and in rocky terrain. It has tailored properly to america, being from a spot that’s scorching and dry with chilly winters. 

The way to Develop

This comparatively low-maintenance perennial is straightforward to develop and provides a number of allure to any backyard. 

Mild 

Close-up of a flowering Perovskia atriplicifolia plant in full sun in a garden. The plant produces tall, spiky panicles of tiny tubular flowers that form whorled clusters. These blooms are predominantly lavender-blue.
Plant in full solar to forestall leggy stems and potential flopping.

Plant in an space that receives full solar. Partial shade will trigger stems to be leggy, they usually could flop over, requiring assist or a transfer to a extra sunny location. It’s illiberal of full shade. 

Water

Close-up of a tall flowering Russian sage plant in a blooming garden. The plant typically reaches heights of 3 to 4 feet, boasting slender, upright stems covered in finely dissected, silvery-gray leaves that create a feathery texture. It has tall, spiky panicles of tiny tubular flowers in a delicate blue-lavender hue.
It requires minimal watering, and overwatering might hinder its efficiency or result in loss of life.

In the course of the first 12 months of development, comply with a watering schedule, however enable your plant to dry out in between classes. As soon as it’s well-established, it doesn’t require a lot watering. Keep in mind, it won’t carry out properly and might die if overwatered

Soil

Close-up of a woman's hand in a black glove planting a Perovskia atriplicifolia seedling into a dug hole in the soil in the garden. Young seedling, features small, lance-shaped leaves with a grayish-green hue and deeply lobed structure. On the soil there is an empty black plastic flower pot and a garden shovel.
Guarantee well-draining, sandy, or loamy soil with a pH between 5.8 and 6.5.

Nicely-draining soil is critical; the soil pH degree must be between 5.8 and 6.5. It is going to endure drastically, underperform, or die in soggy, moist soil.

Plan a considerate place for this drought-resistant shrub in your backyard earlier than transplanting, and make changes as wanted. Add compost every season to assist with drainage. Sandy, loamy soil is most well-liked

It additionally performs properly in a rock backyard with different drought-resistant cultivars. It tolerates poor-quality soil that’s barely alkaline (above 7.3) and does simply superb in rocky areas and sloped areas. 

Temperature and Humidity 

Close-up of a blooming Russian sage on a blurred green background in the garden. The blooms form tall, slender spikes adorned with numerous tiny tubular flowers that cluster in whorls along the stems. The predominant color of these flowers is a lavender-blue, creating a visually captivating contrast against the plant's silver-gray foliage.
Thriving in zones 4-9, this shrub is hardy in a broad temperature vary from 40-95°.

Rising properly in zones 4-9, Russian sage tolerates temperatures of a variety, from 40-95°. It prefers dry over humid and scorching to chilly. Nonetheless, it’s hardy all the way down to zone 4, and a few cultivars carry out properly in zones 2-3!

Fertilizing 

Close-up of a bushy Russian sage plant blooming against a blurred background in the garden. Bees pollinate the plant. The plant produces tall slender spikes with many tiny tubular flowers of a delicate lavender-blue hue that are collected in whorls along the stems.
Earlier than new development within the spring, calmly fertilize with fish emulsion or high quality aged compost.

Fertilizing must be completed within the spring earlier than new development takes off, however not a lot is required. A light-weight software of fish emulsion or facet or prime dressing with good-quality aged compost ought to suffice. 

Pruning

Close-up of a blooming bushy Russian sage plant with a round shape in the garden. This deciduous perennial is tall, features upright, wiry stems adorned with finely dissected, silvery-gray leaves. The plant produces tall spikes of tiny tubular flowers, forming dense lavender-blue clusters.
Sometimes pinch again for bushier development, and prune final 12 months’s wooden yearly in spring.

Russian sage will profit from a lightweight pinching again above a rising node every so often. It will encourage bushing out and a fuller shrub. It flowers on new wooden every spring, so final 12 months’s wooden must be pruned off yearly.

Don’t stress an excessive amount of in case you minimize off an excessive amount of or aren’t positive the place to prune. This plant may be very resilient, and after a couple of seasons, you’ll be taught what it wants by its look and efficiency every spring. 

When you develop in zone 5+, you may go away your plant to overwinter and minimize it again within the spring. It appears pretty over the winter, including a haunting look to your backyard with its grayish foliage. 

In colder zones, minimize it again to about 12 inches within the fall. When you’re rising in colder zones than 4, attempt slicing your plant all the way in which again within the fall after the primary frost. Cowl it with straw mulch to guard it from winter temperatures, and it’s possible you’ll be fortunately stunned come spring! 

Mulching

Close-up of a flowering Russian sage plant in a garden with mulched soil. Mulch consists of wood pieces and pebbles. The plant forms vertical branched stems covered with finely dissected, silvery-gray leaves and tall spikes of tiny tubular lavender-blue flowers.
Take into account including mulch after winter pruning in northern zones to guard the plant from harsh temperatures.

Whereas mulching is pointless all through the rising season, in case you develop in northern rising zones, it’s possible you’ll wish to add mulch after slicing your plant again earlier than winter to guard it towards harsh temperatures. 

Propagation 

You possibly can propagate by seed or by taking softwood or hardwood cuttings. Resulting from its woody stems and wish for assist, division will not be advisable. 

Rising from Seed

Close-up of a young Perovskia atriplicifolia seedling in a small black plastic pot near a hole dug in the soil for replanting the plant. The seedling is young, consists of several thin vertical stems of a silvery hue with finely dissected and deeply lobed leaves. The leaves are silvery-gray in color.
Transplant rigorously in late spring after correct hardening off to attenuate stress.

Seeds may be sown at any time of 12 months and simply barely lined with seed-starting combine. They germinate greatest at temperatures between 60-65° and may take as much as 4 months to sprout. Chilly stratification of 35-44° for at the very least ten days could enhance the speed and pace of germination and will lead to a extra compact plant.

Step the seedlings up into a bigger container as wanted, disturbing the roots as little as doable. Transplant them in late spring after correct hardening off to keep away from transplant shock and cut back stress. 

Softwood Cuttings 

Close-up of young stems and leaves of Russian sage. The stems of the plant are slender with a subtle grayish hue. The leaves, viewed in detail, are finely dissected and deeply lobed, creating a feathery texture. The leaves are grayish-green in color.
Take softwood cuttings in peak summer time, dip in root-stimulating hormone, plant in well-draining soil, and maintain moist.

Softwood cuttings are taken in peak summer time when development continues to be pretty new and pliable, therefore the identify.

The way to take softwood cuttings:

  • Find a number of healthy-looking stems.
  • Utilizing sharp, clear shears or pruners, minimize 4-6 inches from the guidelines of the stem.
  • Permit a number of leaves to stay up prime, however take away the decrease ones.
  • Optionally, dip the minimize finish in root-stimulating hormone powder or gel to assist with new root growth, though it’s usually pointless. 
  • Add every slicing to a clear pot full of well-draining potting soil, leaving simply ⅓ of the slicing out of the soil. 
  • Tamp down the soil across the stem and water properly. 
  • As with every new transplant, maintain it moist however not soggy. Don’t let the soil dry out. 
  • New roots and development ought to seem inside a couple of weeks or months. Disturb it as little as doable throughout this stage and maintain the atmosphere humid. Excessive humidity ranges are most well-liked over misting or watering. 

As your cuttings outgrow their container, step them up with recent soil and a bigger container, or just transplant them outdoors within the spring when the chance of frost has handed. 

Hardwood Cuttings 

Close-up of long stems with leaves of Russian sage. The stems of Russian sage reveal a slender and upright architecture, covered in a fine layer of silvery-gray hairs. The leaves exhibit a finely dissected and deeply lobed structure, creating a feathery and delicate appearance. The individual leaflets showcase a subtle grayish-green color.
Take hardwood cuttings in fall or winter throughout dormancy.

Hardwood cuttings are taken within the fall or winter when your sage plant is dormant. The cuttings are thought of hardwood as a result of they turn out to be woody after the rising season. The method is similar to taking softwood cuttings, besides they overwinter in a protected space whereas they kind new roots. Preserve them watered however not soggy. A chilly body or an unheated greenhouse is a superb space to maintain them by the winter. 

When the bottom has thawed and temperatures are secure for transplant, you’ll find a everlasting place to your new plant in your backyard. Simply make sure the foundation system is powerful and wholesome. 

Each softwood and hardwood rooted cuttings would make a significant and helpful reward for a pal or fellow gardener. 

Division

Close-up of bushy Russian sage plants in the garden next to ornamental grass. The Russian sage has long upright stems with finely dissected, aromatic gray-green leaves. The long, slender stems bear spikes of small, tubular lavender-blue flowers. There are various coniferous trees in the background.
Gently take away tiny shoots close to the plant base, dip them in root-stimulating hormone, and plant them in a pot.

Whereas division will not be advisable, tiny shoots typically pop up close to the bottom of the plant. You possibly can gently take away these and encourage new root development by dipping them in root-stimulating hormone powder or gel and potting them up. 

Planting 

Transplant seedlings into your backyard in spring when the chance of frost has handed, and the soil may be labored. 

Transplanting

Close-up of a gardener's hand in a black glove planting a young seedling of Perovskia atriplicifolia into the soil. The soil is loose, dark brown. The seedling is small, has thin elongated stems covered with small lance-shaped leaves with a grayish-green hue and finely dissected structure.
Dig a gap twice as broad as the foundation ball, place the plant, tamp soil across the crown with out burying it, and water.

Put together a gap to your plant that’s solely as deep as the foundation ball however twice as broad. Place it within the gap and encompass it with soil, tamping it down across the crown, however don’t bury the crown itself. Then, water it in to settle the dust across the plant. 

Location

View of the small front garden with various flowering plants, bordered with decorative stone borders next to a wooden homemade staircase leading up to the house. Plants such as Russian sage, ice plant, karl foerster grass and Coneflowers grow in the flowerbed.
Plant in full solar for optimum efficiency, as it could want staking or turn out to be leggy in shadier areas.

This species will carry out greatest and be sturdiest in full solar. It might require staking or turn out to be leggy when grown in shadier areas.  

Add this decorative shrub to a perennial patch, alongside border gardens, paired with tall grasses in a cottage backyard, or get pleasure from its magnificence alongside a patio or sitting space. Pollinators will flock to it; whether or not in bloom or not, it provides a lot visible curiosity to any outside area. 

Development Sample 

View of a beautiful flowerbed with blooming St. John's wort bushes and Russian sage. St. John's Wort is a deciduous shrub that has small, lanceolate, dark green leaves and bright yellow, star-shaped flowers. Russian sage produces tall, upright, silvery stems with small, lanceolate, finely lobed leaves and vertical spikes of small, tubular lavender-blue flowers.
As a mint member of the family, this plant spreads step by step, is definitely manageable, and isn’t invasive.

Being within the mint household, it does unfold fairly simply, however it occurs slowly. It’s simply plucked out in undesirable areas and isn’t thought of invasive.

Within the spring, take away any new sprouts which have come up and domesticate round your vegetation. Add compost at this level to assist suppress any newly germinating weeds or further sprouts. 

Most varieties shall be thought of mature after 4 years. 

One of the simplest ways to maintain varieties true to kind is to take cuttings instantly from a recognized plant. Listed here are some fashionable varieties which may be hybrids of two completely different varieties. 

‘Blue Spires’

Close-up view of flowering plant Perovskia atriplicifolia 'Blue Spires' in a sunny garden. This perennial plant features finely dissected, aromatic gray-green leaves that give off a silvery hue. 'Blue Spires' is distinguished by its long, slender stems that bear abundant spikes of small, tubular lavender-blue flowers, forming a tall and elegant spire-like display.
This gorgeous German-origin cultivar boasts long-lasting darkish blue flowers.

One of many prettiest cultivars on the market that originated in Germany, the darkish blue flowers of ‘Blue Spires’ have a protracted bloom interval, and it performs properly in zones 4-9. It might probably stand up to 4 ft tall, so you should definitely plant it someplace with loads of area to develop up, in addition to a number of sunshine. 

‘Denim n’ Lace’

Close-up view of Perovskia 'Denim n Lace' flowering plant in a sunny garden. Perovskia 'Denim n Lace' is a distinctive cultivar of Russian sage with a compact and well-branched habit. The slender stems are adorned with spikes of tubular lavender-blue flowers.
‘Denim n’ Lace’ is a compact cultivar recognized for its finely textured silver-blue foliage and spiky, lavender-blue flowers.

The Chicago Botanical Gardens gave this cultivar 5 stars for its extremely sought-after lacy look and enormous flower heads. 

‘Blue Metal’

Close-up of Perovskia 'Blue Steel' flowering plant in the garden. 'Blue Steel' showcases aromatic, finely dissected silvery-gray leaves that lend the plant a soft and elegant texture. The upright stems are adorned with spikes of small, tubular lavender-blue flowers, creating a delightful and charming display.
The ‘Blue Star’ cultivar is appreciated for its considerable spikes of deep blue flowers.

‘Blue Metal’ options easy, oval, deep blue flowers for a extra understated, much less flashy look. This plant shall be nearly three ft tall at full maturity. 

Widespread Issues

Pests and illness are all the time doable, however for probably the most half, this can be a wholesome plant. 

Pests 

Closeup of Aphids on a green leaf. Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects, yellowish-green in color and have pear-shaped bodies with long antennae. These tiny pests have piercing-sucking mouthparts that they use to feed on the sap of plants.
Forestall aphids by introducing pure predators like ladybugs and lacewings.

There are not any actual critical pests, however as all the time, it’s possible you’ll spot a couple of unwelcome visitors. Critters like rabbits and deer have a tendency to depart it alone. 

  • Aphids: Is there something aphids gained’t go after? Don’t allow them to go away their sticky honeydew behind. Introducing and holding round pure predators of aphids is one of the simplest ways to manage these vicious feeders. Ladybugs and lacewings are interested in vegetation like dill, oregano, and candy alyssum, so planting some close by could assist. 
  • Leaf hoppers: Leafhoppers feed on the sap of vegetation, leaving them stunted and may trigger yellowing. Birds feed on leafhoppers, but when they’re not doing the trick, attempt spraying your vegetation with insecticidal cleaning soap. After being ingested, the cleaning soap causes dehydration and loss of life of pests after inflicting their protecting layering to dissolve. Cowl the leaves totally and apply within the morning or night when the solar will not be scorching. 
  • Spider mites: These sap suckers will trigger your plant to show yellow or brown. Since they’ll take over shortly and trigger a number of injury, be looking out for them in late spring to early summer time. Conserving your backyard and beneath vegetation away from particles will assist maintain the strain down. 
  • Whiteflies: Whiteflies can transmit illness and in addition suck vitamins from vegetation. They generally infest greenhouses the place there are many vegetation to assault collectively. They are often managed equally to aphids with robust water streams and, as a final resort, insecticidal cleaning soap. 

Illnesses

Close-up of leaves of a Perovskia plant affected by Cylindrosporium leaf spot. Perovskia leaves, when viewed up close, exhibit a finely dissected and deeply lobed structure. The foliage is characterized by a gray-green color. There are small orange-brown spots on the leaves.
Cylindrosporium leaf spot is difficult to handle and has signs of small to giant brown spots.

The more healthy the plant, the extra resistant will probably be to illness. This shrub will not be sometimes affected by illness, however under are a couple of prospects.

  • Root or stem rot is the largest risk and happens when the soil is water-logged. This could possibly be from poor soil high quality, overwatering, or heavy rainfall. 
  • Cylindrosporium leaf spot comes from a soil-borne fungus. Fungicides aren’t all the time efficient, so this illness is tough to handle as soon as it’s current. Signs are small to finally giant brown spots, typically surrounded by a yellow halo.
  • Phoma stem canker signs embrace black lesions alongside the petioles of leaves that journey to the stem. This fungal illness is extra prevalent throughout extraordinarily moist durations, and no fungicides are recognized to deal with it. Forestall it by holding pest strain low and making certain well-draining soil. 
  • Sclerotinia stem blight will trigger wilting and grey lesions on stems and leaves. Verify close to the bottom of the plant for white mycelium current on the stem. Well timed fungicide therapies ought to assist management it. Plant survival price is determined by the severity of the case. 

Floppiness or Skinny, Weak Stems

Close-up of a flowering Perovskia plant with elongated, floppiness stems. The stems are long, gray-white, covered with finely dissected leaves, showing a silver-gray coloration. The flowers, arranged along the stems, are tubular and clustered in spires, displaying a vivid lavender-blue hue.
Stems turn out to be leggy because of inadequate daylight or overly wealthy soil.

That is often brought on by a scarcity of daylight or the soil being too wealthy. Stems can turn out to be leggy when they’re reaching towards the out there solar. They might additionally flop in youthful days when their root system continues to be getting established. 

Transfer your plant to a sunnier space if doable, and assist bigger varieties as wanted by planting different shrubs or robust vegetation close by. 

Key Takeaways

  • It isn’t from Russia, and it’s not sage. Though elements of it are edible, it’s beloved globally by landscapers because of its magnificence and ease of care.
  • It has very low pest and illness strain.
  • It’s pretty hardy in most rising zones and may be protected over the winters in extraordinarily chilly zones.
  • It pairs properly with many various vegetation and provides easy allure to gardens.

Steadily Requested Questions

The peak, airiness, and colour of this plant pair properly with peonies, decorative grasses, lilies, shrub roses, and phlox.

Pruning freshens your plant, permitting it to concentrate on going dormant within the winter, staying wholesome, and encourages new development within the spring. If left alone with out pruning, your shrub will turn out to be overgrown, woody, and fewer productive. When you purchase an overgrown shrub, merely minimize all of it the way in which again within the fall and it ought to produce new stems within the spring.

After 4 to 6 years, plant well being could decline. You possibly can cut up and prune to revitalize your plant. They’re resilient and long-living vegetation when properly cared for.

Closing Ideas

Have you ever added Russian sage to your “should develop subsequent season” checklist? It’s low upkeep with little to no pest and illness strain, thrives in drought situations, and is gorgeous, too! 

The endurance required to propagate and develop this attractive perennial is price it whenever you sit again and luxuriate in its luscious blooms.

Related Articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Articles