The right way to Plant, Develop, and Look after Freesia Flowers

Freesias are pleasant little flowering crops which are standard in bridal bouquets. They’re recognizable by their candy perfume, which I’ve all the time thought smelled a bit like the kids’s cereal Froot Loops. The enticing, tubular flowers are standard with pollinators and might be grown indoors as nicely.

Solely perennials in zones 9 via ten, freesias are usually not frost tolerant. The corms or bulbs is not going to survive the winter in any local weather the place the bottom freezes. Nevertheless, they are often harvested within the fall, dried, and saved for the winter, then planted once more when the bottom thaws in spring. 

Freesia flowers are steeped in symbolism, which is one other issue of their recognition in floral preparations. The flower meanings embrace belief, thoughtfulness, innocence, and friendship. Their symbolism goes again to the Victorian Period after they have been thought-about the final word flower of belief. Right here is all the pieces it’s good to learn about rising attractive freesias in your backyard!

Freesia Overview

A close-up reveals yellow freesia flowers with delicate petals, showcasing their intricate beauty. The slender green stem adds grace to the composition. In the background, a soft blur unveils lush green leaves, creating a harmonious botanical tableau.

Plant Kind

Herbaceous perennial

Native Space

Japanese South Africa


Full solar to partial shade

Watering Necessities


Pests and Illnesses

Botrytis, fusarium wilt, aphids, thrips, slugs, snails

Soil Kind

Fertile, well-drained

Soil pH

6.5-7, Impartial to Alkaline

What are Freesias?

Freesia is a genus of warm-weather flowering crops native to japanese southern Africa. The enticing trumpet-shaped flowers symbolize friendship and are standard amongst florists. The crops develop from corms and are solely hardy over the winter in rising zones 9 via ten.

Historical past

A cluster of purple freesia flowers in close-up, basking in the warm sunlight. The vivid hues create a stunning focal point against a gently blurred background, highlighting the intricate beauty of nature.
The flower was named after botanist Fredrick Freese by Christian P. Ecklon in 1886.

Freesias have been first described and named by Danish botanical collector Christian P. Ecklon in 1886, who named them after his pal Fredrick Freese. Freese was additionally a botanist and a medical practitioner. This pleasant gesture is the explanation that the flowers have come to be a logo of friendship. 

Their recognition over time has grown from a captivating image of friendship to a classy flower amongst florists. They’re additionally the inspiration for a lot of beauty and private care merchandise and different scented merchandise like candles. 

Native Space

Numerous yellow freesia flowers bask in the warm embrace of the sun, their delicate petals opening to absorb its golden rays. Surrounding them, green leaves provide a refreshing contrast.
Originating from southern Africa, freesias develop wild in areas from Kenya to South Africa.

Freesias are native to southern Africa, particularly the japanese facet of the continent from Kenya to South Africa. The best distribution of species is present in Cape Provinces. 


A cluster of white freesia flowers, tinged with a delicate yellow hue, gracefully bathes in the warm sunlight, radiating a sense of tranquility. Behind them, the tall and slender leaves create a captivating blurred background.
They’ve slender leaves with tube-shaped flowers in numerous colours and fragrances.

These crops naturally start their rising season within the fall, producing foliage over the winter and blooming in early spring. Freesias wither because the climate heats up and enter dormancy in the summertime warmth. In Zones 9 via ten, the corms might be left within the backyard year-round and can act as perennials. 

Freesias develop from corms, that are much like bulbs. These underground food-storage buildings are fibrous and retailer power that helps the plant develop. The corms multiply and might be divided to provide extra crops over time. 

Slender and lanceolate freesia leaves sprout in clusters on the base of the plant. Skinny, delicate, leafless stems sprout from between the leaves, curving on the finish with teams of 5 or extra tube-shaped flowers alongside just one facet. Many hybrid varieties have been cultivated for bigger flower sizes and stronger fragrances

The flowers are available in single or double-petal kind and a variety of colours, together with white, yellow, purple, cream, orange, pink, purple, lavender, and mauve, in addition to one selection that’s almost blue. The perfume of the flowers is described as fruity, powdery, and candy.

Makes use of

A close-up of pink freesia flowers in full bloom, showcasing delicate petals and intricate details. The sunlight gently highlights the soft hues, creating a mesmerizing display of natural beauty.
Freesia crops are favored for decorative and minimize flower functions, significantly in bridal bouquets.

Freesia crops are usually grown as backyard ornamentals and for his or her worth as minimize flowers. They’re exceptionally standard to be used in bridal bouquets and marriage ceremony flowers due to their symbolism and pleasing aroma. The candy scent can be used to fragrance lotions, shampoos, candles, and different pleasant-smelling house or beauty gadgets.

The place to Purchase Freesias

A small pile of freesia corms sits on a neutral colored counter top.
The corms of this plant are available in nurseries however you could must order unique varieties on-line.

Freesia corms are broadly accessible in nurseries and different shops the place bulbs and seeds might be discovered. For extra unique or uncommon varieties, there are on-line retailers to order corms from. They’re simple to develop from corms and are usually not generally bought as nursery begins. 


In a rich, dark soil bed, freesia bulbs lie nestled, promising bursts of vibrant color. Tender green shoots gracefully emerge from the bulbs, reaching eagerly towards the surface, heralding the imminent beauty of blooming freesia flowers.
Plant freesias in fall in heat climates for early spring blooms.

In heat climates, fall is the best time to plant freesias. They are going to develop foliage over the winter and bloom early in spring. In climates that have freezing climate, freesia corms must be planted in early spring, as quickly as the bottom thaws, for early summer time blooms. Corms which are planted too late within the spring might lead to spindly stems and short-lived flowers as a result of they’re uncovered to an excessive amount of warmth. 

Select a location that has wonderful drainage, and loosen the soil to make it simpler for the roots to develop. Freesias have lengthy taproots that gained’t develop as nicely in compacted or very dense soil. They like a sunny spot with some shelter from probably damaging winds.

Planting corms in teams of 5 or 6 collectively will create a horny cluster of grassy leaves and quite a few flower stems. Plant your corms with the pointed facet dealing with up, about one inch deep. Water them nicely after planting.

Freesias additionally develop nicely in containers, offered the pot has good drainage and is deep sufficient to accommodate the taproot. When planting in a container, water in your corms after which place the container in a shaded spot till shoots seem earlier than transferring them into the solar.

The right way to Develop

It takes about 100-120 days from the time corms are planted till the flowers bloom. Freesia flowers pair nicely with different backyard flowers like gladiolus, scabiosa, cosmos, and dahlias. The stems of some varieties, significantly hybrids with bigger flowers, might must be supported to forestall them from flopping over. 

Water your freesias recurrently, preserving the soil moist however not overly saturated to keep away from root rot. Fertilizing ought to begin when shoots seem. In cooler climates, harvest the corms after the foliage dies again in the summertime. Retailer them in a heat place to ripen, mimicking the summer time situations of their native atmosphere. 


A mesmerizing close-up reveals the intricate details of deep pink freesia flowers, their delicate petals unfurling like nature's artwork in full bloom. The blurred background captures the graceful dance of slender leaves.
They thrive in cool climate, with optimum development in full solar or partial shade.

Freesias develop greatest and sturdiest in cool climate. They are often grown in full solar or partial shade, relying on the local weather. In case you should plant your freesia corms later within the season, giving them some shade within the afternoon will delay the lifetime of the plant and lead to stronger flowers, as this supplies some safety from the warmth of the solar.

In case you plant your corms throughout the best planting time, plant them in a sunny spot for one of the best blooms. For potted freesias, partial solar is right, as they need to be saved cool for so long as doable till they end blooming. 


A close-up of green freesia buds gracefully arranged along a delicate stem. Glistening water droplets adorn both the tender buds and the slender stem, creating a mesmerizing symphony of freshness and renewal.
Present reasonable moisture, making certain well-draining soil to forestall yellowing and wilting.

Freesias like a reasonable quantity of moisture, and so they don’t wish to have moist toes. So long as your soil drains nicely, it is best to give them sufficient water in order that they don’t dry out. Overwatering may end up in foliage yellowing and wilting.

After planting and watering in your corms, water them sparingly till the crops sprout. As soon as they’ve sprouted, water extra ceaselessly, preserving the soil moist however not soggy. Freesia corms are inclined to rot if they’re saved moist on a regular basis. One inch of water per week is an efficient rule to observe when caring for these crops. 


A metal trowel with a wooden handle cradles a fertile mound of nutrient-rich cow manure, ready to nurture plants. Below, the ground is blanketed in a layer of freshly spread manure, promising a fertile foundation for robust growth.
These crops flourish in soil that’s wealthy in vitamins and well-draining.

Freesias require a considerable quantity of vitamins, so they like soil that’s sandy or gravelly with a great deal of compost or manure blended in. In different phrases, select a soil that’s fertile but in addition has wonderful drainage.

Heavy soil sorts, like compacted clay, must be amended and loosened to permit for higher root growth.

Temperature and Humidity

A cluster of yellow freesia flowers, illuminated by the warm, radiant sunlight, showcase nature's brilliant hues. The surrounding leaves create a lush green backdrop, enhancing the vivid beauty of the blossoms as they unfold in nature's spotlight.
Freesias thrive when planted in temperatures beneath 70°F (21°C) for optimum development and flowering.

Freesias are dormant throughout the warmest months of the 12 months. They’re native to a heat local weather, and of their native local weather, they arrive out of dormancy in fall when temperatures drop. For one of the best rising season, foliage, and flowering, freesias must be planted when temperatures are going to stay beneath 70°F (21°C) till they bloom

At about 70°F (21°C), freesias will start to enter dormancy and cease producing flowers. As a lot as they like cool climate, freesias and their corms are usually not frost tolerant, so they’ll die in winter in the event that they expertise freezing climate. Ideally, temperatures between 40-70°F (4-21°C) will hold your freesias pleased and blooming.

Along with gentle temperatures, freesias like a reasonable quantity of humidity. A humidity stage of 40-50% is right for these crops. In dry climates, it might be considerably tougher to develop these crops. 


A woman wearing green gardening gloves adorned with flower patterns carefully pours liquid mineral fertilizer into an orange container. The blurred background reveals a sunlit oasis of greenery, providing a serene context for the gardening moment.
Fertilize with a high-potash liquid fertilizer, utilizing a formulation like 10-10-20.

Begin fertilizing your freesias after they start to kind flower buds. Apply a liquid fertilizer that’s excessive in potash. Potash is a gaggle of minerals that present a excessive stage of potassium, which is represented by the Okay within the fertilizer formulation N-P-Okay. 

A formulation of 10-10-10 would have equal quantities of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Select a fertilizer with the next third quantity within the formulation, equivalent to 10-10-20. Potassium helps the plant to develop and help blooming. Fertilize your freesias each two weeks as soon as buds start to kind till the flowers fade. 

Freesia Upkeep

A close-up of white freesia flowers, their pristine petals unfolding gracefully. Adjacent, a vibrant purple bloom adds a touch of contrast. Surrounding the blooms, small and lush green leaves form a lush backdrop.
For optimum flower bud manufacturing, dried bulbs must be saved in paper baggage at 80°F (27°C).

In case you are rising in a cooler local weather, the best quantity of upkeep concerned in rising freesias is storing them. The corms must be unearthed after the foliage dies again, washed, and allowed to dry earlier than storing to keep away from points with mildew and fungus. 

The bulbs must ripen to provide flower buds, and they want a heat, humid atmosphere for that to occur. Place your dried bulbs in paper baggage and retailer them at a temperature of about 80°F (27°C) and 75-80% humidity. Depart them on this atmosphere for 14-20 weeks, after which retailer them in a cooler house till you’re able to plant them.

Rising in Containers

A potted pink freesia sits on a door step outdoors.
Develop in containers by planting corms in a deep pot with well-draining soil.

Freesia crops develop nicely in containers and might even be grown indoors as you’ll develop paperwhites or amaryllis in winter. Select a pot that’s at the least six inches deep, ideally deeper, to accommodate the taproot. 

Combine commonplace potting soil with some coarse sand or gravel to enhance drainage. Plant your corms with the pointed facet dealing with upward. Develop a number of corms in a single pot for denser foliage and an abundance of blooms. Water in your corms, and set the pot in a shaded spot till the corms sprout, watering sparingly till that point. 

As soon as your freesias have sprouted, transfer them to a spot the place they’ll get six or extra hours of solar day by day, and improve watering to as soon as per week if they’re indoors. For outside potted freesias, monitor the soil and water when the highest inch is dry. Start fertilizing with a excessive potassium formulation as quickly as buds start to kind, and repeat each 10-14 days.


In the nurturing hands of a gardener, a freesia bulb is delicately placed into a bed of compost within a black seedling tray. The purposeful motion ensures the bulb's integration with the fertile soil, setting the stage for vibrant growth.
Freesias are greatest propagated via corm offsets in fall.

Freesias might be propagated by seed, however this usually leads to crops that gained’t bloom for 2 to a few years. The simpler strategy to propagate these crops is to attend for the corms to provide small offsets. 

Propagate corm offsets in fall earlier than the crops re-enter a rising part. Raise your corms utilizing a gardening fork, divide the corm offsets from the father or mother corms, and replant them. 

Listed here are a few of the most colourful, aromatic, and vigorous cultivars of freesias.


Sunlit yellow Texas freesia flowers bloom vibrantly, their delicate petals catching the warm sunlight. A blurred background reveals the promise of more beauty with budding yellow blossoms and lush green leaves.
This selection has stems that flip at a proper angle, showcasing dramatic double-petaled flowers.
botanical title

Freesia ‘Texas’
solar necessities

Full solar to partial shade

hardiness zones


You’ll love ‘Texas’ for its delicate citrus scent and plentiful, dramatic, double-petaled flowers. This hybrid selection has stems that flip at a proper angle simply earlier than the flowers, inflicting the flowers to level upwards towards the solar. This high quality makes them very engaging to pollinators.

Everybody who visits your backyard will comment upon these cheerful bits of sunshine. Yellow freesias characterize friendship, happiness, and optimism and make a beautiful bouquet for anybody in want of some cheering up.


A radiant cluster of white Virginia freesia flowers captures the sun's warmth, their delicate petals unfolding gracefully. Lush green leaves provide a serene backdrop, adding depth to the scene as they gently sway in the warm breeze.
Symbolizing purity and innocence, ‘Virginia’ boasts giant, intricate flowers with a exceptional vase life.
botanical title

Freesia ‘Virginia’
solar necessities

Full solar to partial shade

hardiness zones


White freesias are a image of purity and innocence, and this pure white, double-petaled selection usually finds its approach into bridal bouquets. Not solely does this selection have giant, intricate flowers, however they’re additionally closely fragranced as nicely. Every stem produces as much as 10 flowers, and so they bloom for fairly a very long time, in order that they have a wonderful vase life.


A close-up reveals Oberon freesia flowers adorned with delicate water droplets, glistening in the soft sunlight. The petals gracefully shift in color, seamlessly transitioning from a yellow to a warm and inviting orange.
Impressed by the Greek fairy king, ‘Oberon’ boasts beautiful single-petal blooms with a candy candy-like scent.
botanical title

Freesia ‘Oberon’
solar necessities

Full solar to partial shade

hardiness zones


Named for the fairy king from Greek mythology, ‘Oberon’ is royally attractive. With a scent as candy as sweet, and brightly coloured blooms, this freesia will play a starring function in chopping gardens. The flowers are single petal kind, and good orange flowers with vivid yellow throats are exceptionally eye-catching.


A pristine white Honeymoon freesia flower takes center stage in this close-up, showcasing delicate petals with a subtle hint of cream. Surrounding it are green buds, promising the imminent bloom of nature's elegance against a clean white backdrop.
This designer hybrid selection options ivory blooms with pale pinkish purple accents.
botanical title

Freesia ‘Honeymoon’
solar necessities

Full solar to partial shade

hardiness zones


‘Honeymoon’ is a designer hybrid number of freesia with ivory blooms which are softly accented with pale pinkish purple. These freesias have single-petal flower kind and light-weight inexperienced foliage. Excellent for weddings, engagement events, or any romantic event, this can be a flower of affection. Pink freesias characterize motherly love and romance.

Widespread Issues

Listed here are some frequent issues and options you could want when rising freesias.

Lack of Flowers

Nestled in earthy brown soil, a healthy freesia plant graces the garden with its tall, slender leaves and two striking yellow flowers. The surrounding array of plants complements the freesia, creating a harmonious and visually appealing natural tapestry.
Be certain that freesias are uncovered to chill temperatures for a number of months to advertise blooming.

Freesias can tolerate partial shade, but when planted in an excessive amount of shade, they won’t bloom, and the crops will turn into scraggly and leggy. An excessive amount of warmth may even cease your freesias from blooming, so ensure to plant them on the proper time when they’ll have a number of months of cool temperatures. 


A freesia plant stands gracefully against a white wall, showcasing its thick, lush green stems. The partially wilted white flowers exude a delicate charm, adding a touch of natural beauty to the scene.
Correctly stability watering by making certain well-draining soil with sufficient moisture retention.

Wilting flowers are often the results of over or underwatering. Freesias don’t wish to have persistently moist roots, however they do like moisture, so underwatering is equally as detrimental as overwatering. Ensure that your soil has good drainage and likewise retains sufficient moisture for the roots to soak up. 


This close-up shows a cluster of green aphids feeding on a vibrant green leaf. The aphids are of various sizes, and some are partially obscured by the leaf. The leaf has several visible holes and some brown spots caused by the aphids feeding.
Management aphids by spraying water or utilizing neem insecticidal soaps for backyard pest management.

A handful of pests might munch in your freesias, leaving ugly harm to the foliage. They will drain the plant’s vitamins, inflicting few or unhealthy flowers. Aphids, thrips, spider mites, slugs, and snails are a few of the pests that have a tendency to wreck these crops. Moles and voles are additionally recognized to eat the corms. 

Introducing useful bugs like ladybugs into the backyard helps to manage insect populations. Strive spraying aphids off with a powerful jet from the hose. If chemical remedy is required, attempt utilizing neem oil, however watch out of affecting pollinator populations. Sprinkling diatomaceous earth across the base of crops will assist with snails and slugs. 


Towering slender leaves, once green, are now adorned with a mosaic of brown hues, signaling the onset of disease-induced discoloration. Despite the leafy turmoil, a blurred background unveils a lush bush, highlighting the stark contrast between vitality and decline.
Points like iris leaf spot and Fusarium wilt might come up as a result of poor drainage.

Iris leaf spot is a matter that may crop up in freesias rising in soil with poor drainage. Fusarium wilt can be a difficulty that requires eradicating the crops, solarizing the soil, and never planting the rest in that house for a 12 months. That is an incurable fungus that must be eradicated utterly. 

Bacterial gentle rot also can have an effect on freesias. Waterborne micro organism discover their strategy to your backyard, and when contaminated water droplets splash on crops, they may end up in darkish spots that turn into mushy and unfold. Limiting moisture across the foliage of your crops is useful in avoiding this problem.

Often Requested Questions

No, whereas ingestion might trigger gentle abdomen upset, freesias are usually not thought-about poisonous to animals or people, so these are secure inside the home and round curious pets which may have a style for foliage.

Sure! Freesias might be grown indoors with sufficient mild and the precise stage of moisture and humidity. These crops really thrive in gentle temperatures, so they develop fairly nicely indoors.

No, these crops will not flower twice in the identical 12 months. They want a interval of dormancy or relaxation earlier than they’ll re-grow and bloom once more after dying off in hotter climate.

Closing Ideas

Freesias make a beautiful addition to any backyard. Whether or not you need to take pleasure in their fairly flowers within the backyard or develop them for chopping and including to floral preparations, these candy flowers are sure to please. Indoors and out, freesias have a permanent attraction that’s sure to please the gardener and anybody they’re shared with.

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