The right way to Develop Zinnias for a Vibrant Backyard

In the event you’re in search of a vibrant, beginner-friendly addition to your backyard, zinnias are a wonderful selection. With massive blooms and a wide range of color and measurement choices, these lovely flowers are straightforward to develop and harvest. They’ll look lovely in your backyard and in a vase! In the event you’re able to get planting, right here is every little thing it is advisable find out about the right way to develop zinnias.

pink zinnia

In the event you’ve ever taken a stroll via a flower backyard and even the floral division at your native grocery retailer, you’re probably acquainted with zinnias. Recognized for his or her vibrant colors, these flowers are a well-liked selection for gardeners and florists alike.

Not solely do zinnias are available a wide range of colors and sizes, however they’re additionally identified for producing a number of blooms. West Coast Seeds lately despatched me some zinnia seeds, so you’ll be able to wager I’m going to be on a zinnia kick right here quickly.

So, if you happen to’re like me and wish to adorn your eating room desk with freshly minimize flowers, these vegetation can present an impressive addition to your association all summer season lengthy. In the event you choose to go away your petals exterior, you’ll be able to even develop zinnias in pots. 

These hearty, low-maintenance vegetation are good for newcomers trying to develop one thing lovely and an previous standby for extra skilled gardeners. 

red zinnia flowers
Zinnia flowers are available every kind of colors and mixtures.

Meet the Zinnia 

Zinnias are recognizable by their full, spherical blooms that are available nearly each color below the solar. It was these vivid hues that earned them their unique Aztec identify, which interprets to “vegetation which can be onerous on the eyes.” Native to Mexico and Central America, the flowers acquired the identify zinnia from German botanist Johann Gottfried Zinn, who introduced the plant to Europe within the 1700s. 

Now, the zinnia is well-liked for a lot of causes. Their color and measurement varieties make them a flexible medium for florists and the right aesthetic selection for gardeners trying to curate their flowerbeds. They’ll additionally assist enhance the general well being of your backyard as they entice pollinators, similar to bees, hummingbirds, and butterflies. 

In the event you’re trying to make the most of this easy-to-grow flower, there are a lot of zinnia varieties to select from. One in every of my private favourites is the Oklahoma salmon selection. Because the identify suggests, these zinnias boast muted pink and peach hues, which make a stunning, heat addition to any backyard or bouquet.

In the event you’re in search of a extra vibrant flower, the yellow flame zinnia is likely to be for you. Its gradient of yellow, orange, and magenta evokes a fiery sundown. The queen sequence is one other well-liked household of zinnias, out there in placing inexperienced, crimson, and purple varieties. 

how to grow zinnias
Zinnias are annuals, however develop into massive vegetation fast.

The right way to Develop Zinnias

Zinnias are identified for being the intro to chop flowers, as they’re fairly easy to develop and hardy to slicing. In the event you’re foraying into rising a minimize flower backyard, then that is the right place to start out.

When and The place to Plant Zinnias

In the event you dwell in a heat local weather, you’ll be able to plant zinnia seeds straight within the floor so long as you wait not less than two weeks after the final frost. Right here in Canada, I choose to start out my zinnias inside.  When the sprouts are 3-5 inches, they are often planted exterior. 

I discovered that my zinnia seeds sprouted QUICK. They need to be moved exterior inside three weeks most after germinating, as in any other case, they will get leggy. Zinnias are typically one among my final flowers to sow indoors.

They’re warmth and solar lovers, so that you don’t wish to get them within the floor till issues are beginning to heat up.

Whether or not you begin them indoors or plant them straight within the floor, your soil needs to be well-drained and have a impartial pH. Place your zinnia seeds just a few inches aside and press them about ¼ inches into the soil. 

If you would like true-to-seed zinnias, you’ll have to purchase them somewhat than save them.


Zinnias require full daylight, so remember to place them in a vivid location in your backyard or yard. They require not less than 8 hours of daylight, however extra is even higher for these light-loving vegetation.

I’ve planted them in an space with partial shade earlier than, and the slugs have been fast to start out munching.


Whereas established zinnias can survive delicate drought, hydrated vegetation produce essentially the most spectacular blooms. As soon as zinnias are planted within the floor, they are often watered deeply as soon as every week.

In the event you select to go away them potted, give them a drink while you discover the prime inch of soil has dried out. 

pink zinnia flowers
Zinnias are fairly low upkeep by way of minimize flowers.


Pruning is essential when studying the right way to develop zinnias as they’re thought of a minimize and are available again flower. This implies the extra you prune, the extra alternative they must develop and produce extra flowers.

When the stems attain about 10 inches you can begin to pinch the tops of them. Harvesting your zinnias can also be an effective way to encourage development. In the event you choose to go away the flowers, take away the blooms as soon as they begin to droop or dry out.

zinnia assortment of colours
Deadheading will encourage extra blooms to develop.

Frequent Pests and Ailments

Zinnias are pretty proof against pests, however widespread bugs similar to aphids and spider mites can sometimes trigger injury. Lighter-coloured varieties are extra vulnerable to pests, so you might wish to harvest these flowers earlier within the season to assist keep away from injury.

A extra widespread drawback with zinnias is powdery mildew, particularly in sizzling and humid areas. Leaving further house between your seeds might help keep away from this drawback by offering extra airflow. In case your zinnias are affected by powdery mildew, baking soda and vinegar options can present a easy and pure treatment. 

butterfly on zinnia
Zinnias entice pollinators.

The right way to Develop Zinnias in Containers

In case you have restricted outside house or simply choose to do your gardening in planters, rising zinnias in pots is a good choice. Begin by deciding on an appropriate pot. I like to recommend one which’s at least 12 inches to accommodate the expansion of your zinnias. Be certain it has drainage holes.

Fill your chosen container with potting soil, ensuring to dampen it earlier than including the seeds. Zinnia seeds needs to be positioned just a few inches aside and gently pressed into the soil. In two days to every week, your seeds will start to sprout.

After 4-6 weeks, you’ll be able to place your pot in a sunny spot in your porch, backyard, or yard, including water when the primary inch of soil is dry.

how to grow zinnias in containers
Be certain to skinny out your seedlings if rising in a pot.

The right way to Lower Zinnias

You may test in case your zinnias are able to be minimize by listening to the stem. Fastidiously shake the stem, holding it about 8 inches beneath the flower. If it bends, your flowers aren’t fairly able to be minimize. If the stem is agency and stays upright, minimize from the bottom of the stem.

When slicing, carry a bucket of water with you so you’ll be able to place them proper in water when harvesting the flowers. Lower within the morning, as that is when the plant is essentially the most hydrated.

Zinnias are thought of a “soiled” flower, so including a drop or two of bleach to the water might help to maintain it clear.

When you place them in a vase, your zinnias will present a good looking floral association for 7-10 days.

fresh cut flowers from the garden
Refresh your minimize flower water each different day to maintain them contemporary.

FAQs About Rising Zinnia Flowers

Do zinnias come again yearly?

Zinnias are annuals, so that you’ll must plant new seeds every spring. Fortunately, they’re straightforward to handle when you learn to develop zinnias, and the colourful blossoms are value replanting.

You can even save the seeds out of your earlier zinnias, and it’s fairly straightforward to take action. After the flower head has virtually dried on the stem, minimize it and permit it to dry fully on a counter. Separate the papery seeds from the flower head and petals and retailer them in a cool, dry place for subsequent spring.

How do I maintain zinnias blooming all summer season?

If you would like zinnia blooms all summer season, I like to recommend succession planting. In the course of the early summer season, plant a brand new crop each 2 or 3 weeks. This will provide you with zinnias steadily all through the season. Additionally, ensure to remain on prime of deadheading to encourage the plant to supply new flowers.  

How do you retain zinnias brief and bushy?

Pruning is essential to caring for zinnias, and it might probably assist obtain the look you’re going for. As soon as your zinnias develop to about 10 inches, you’ll be able to pinch the information of the stems. This can assist obtain the fuzzy look you’re going for.

Although it may appear counterintuitive, slicing again your zinnia will assist encourage development, so ensure to skinny out the plant as soon as it begins blooming. In the event you’re not planning to chop the flowers for an association, take away dried-up flowers recurrently.

Will rabbits eat zinnias?

Rabbits don’t sometimes eat these flowers, particularly the Zinnia elegans and Z. augustofolio varieties. In reality, zinnias are identified to discourage rabbits, so you probably have an issue with bunnies snacking in your backyard, planting Zinnias could possibly be a useful resolution. 

how to grow zinnias

Zinnias actually are top-of-the-line slicing flowers to develop, being really easy but so prolific. In case you have any extra questions on the right way to develop zinnias, go away them within the feedback beneath.

Extra Slicing Flowers to Add to Your Backyard!

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