The best way to Plant, Develop, and Care For Solomon’s Seal

Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum) is a spring-blooming North American native wildflower. It’s usually present in moist hardwood forests and makes a spectacular plant on your shade backyard. So long as you possibly can present shade, moist soil, and a good local weather, you shouldn’t have any hassle rising this stunning foliage plant. 

The alternate leaves of Solomon’s seal develop alongside lengthy, gracefully arching stems that emerge from the bottom in sparse clusters. In the event you look rigorously, nevertheless, you’ll uncover that it is a flowering plant. The delicate, nodding flowers underneath the foliage for a singular springtime backyard deal with.

Solomon’s seal is surprisingly straightforward to develop within the house panorama. It is going to be proper at house in a woodland backyard, shaded native plant backyard, or tucked underneath some timber on the fringe of your yard. Solomon’s seal is very valued for its enticing broad foliage, which has three-season attraction within the panorama. Develop it alongside every other shade plant for a complimentary and dramatic show.

Now let’s dig a bit deeper into the small print of cultivating Solomon’s seal, a stunning and interesting panorama plant on your native plant backyard, shade backyard, or woodland wildflower backyard. 


Characterized by its elegant, arching stems, the Polygonatum plant showcases glossy green leaves arranged alternately along the stem, with dangling clusters of small, white, bell-shaped flowers.

Plant Kind

Herbaceous perennial

Native Space

Jap North America, Central North America

USDA Hardiness Zone

3 – 9

Solar Publicity

A fan of full shade

Soil Kind

Organically wealthy, Properly-drained, Moist

Watering Necessities


Urged Makes use of

Native backyard, shade backyard, cottage backyard

Flower Coloration

Greenish white

Resistant To

Deer, rabbits, moist soil

Pure Historical past

The Polygonatum plant displays slender, arching stems with whorls of glossy, oval leaves and pendulous, cream-colored flowers hanging in rows beneath the foliage.
Native to moist woodlands, it thrives alongside spring wildflowers.

Solomon’s seal is native to moist woodlands all through the jap and central United States and Canada. It’s usually present in lowland forests with different frequent spring wildflowers reminiscent of trillium, bloodroot, and trout lily. Not like many different spring ephemeral wildflowers, nevertheless, Solomon’s seal retains its leaves till frost units in

There are a number of styles of the native species which are discovered in additional localized areas, and you will discover a number of cultivars with showy, variegated foliage. This plant isn’t generally discovered commercially, though you possibly can sometimes discover it at nurseries specializing in native crops. There are Polygonatum species native to North America, Asia, and Europe. In the event you’re hoping to develop the native species, be sure to select one which’s native to your area. 


With its slender, curving stems, the Polygonatum plant boasts glossy green leaves arranged in alternating pairs along the stem, culminating in drooping clusters of small, white flowers.
A sleek perennial admired for its charming foliage and flowers.

Solomon’s seal is an herbaceous perennial. It grows vigorously however not aggressively and maintains a sturdy look all through all the rising season, from spring by the primary frost. Whereas dormant, the tuber-like roots relaxation just under the soil floor, awaiting the subsequent spring warming.

Most individuals develop Solomon’s seal for its enticing foliage. The leaves could also be strong inexperienced or variegated with white and inexperienced striped patterns. In fall, the leaves flip a shimmering golden coloration. They develop in an alternating sample alongside lengthy, gracefully arching stems that emerge instantly from the bottom, so it can seem {that a} cluster of tall, upright stems all emerge from the bottom in unfastened clusters. The stems are barely crooked, making a slight zig-zag sample. 

Alongside the underside of the arching stems, take a peek within the spring to identify the greenish-yellow flowers. The small, nodding, bell-like flowers dangle in small teams from skinny stalks. Whereas very delicate, they do have a sure mystical attraction and appeal to some adventurous pollinators.

Solomon’s seal spreads slowly to kind unfastened colonies. The tuberous roots department out a bit annually, permitting new stems to develop. You possibly can typically observe the thick root rhizomes simply at or under the soil floor.


Solomon’s seal is best to propagate by division of its creeping rhizomes. It can be propagated by seed, however that is time-consuming and never very dependable. Though it kinds colonies in its pure habitat, Solomon’s seal usually reproduces primarily by rhizomes fairly than self-seeding.


The Polygonatum plant features gracefully arching stem adorned with whorls of elliptical leaves and small round seed berries suspended beneath the foliage.
Rising from seed requires chilly stratification and persistence.

Seeds of this plant require a interval of cold-stratification and a number of persistence. In late summer time, accumulate seeds from the ripe fruits and place them within the fridge or freezer for not less than two months. Whenever you’re able to germinate the seeds, you’ll want to put them in a pot or tray with moist soil. Hold the pots in a heat place and maintain the soil moist when you’re ready. You’ll have to have persistence for this stage, as germination can take a number of months or extra. 

As soon as the seeds sprout, proceed to maintain the seedlings heat and moist till they’ve grown a number of inches tall and developed not less than two or three units of true leaves. At this level, they are often transplanted to a everlasting location outdoor. When rising Solomon’s seal from seed, you possibly can count on your crops to require not less than two years till they begin to flower.

If you wish to attempt a extra pure method, merely permit the fruits to fall naturally from the crops. Hold watch the next spring to see if any tiny new seedlings seem. In that case, you possibly can rigorously dig these up and transplant them to new places. Some wildflowers freely self-seed, however Solomon’s seal not often sprouts new seedlings within the neighborhood of the guardian plant. 


Exhibiting slender, graceful stems, the Polygonatum plant showcases glossy, lance-shaped leaves with variegated white edges arranged alternately along the stem, with clusters of small, bell-shaped white flowers dangling below.
Propagate by dividing rhizomes for fast, straightforward plant multiplication.

Dividing the rhizomes is the quickest and best solution to propagate Solomon’s seal. In the event you rigorously scrape the soil away from the bottom of your crops, you’ll clearly see the chunky rhizomes. Vegetation which are a number of years previous may have developed a number of branching rhizomes and a number of stems from every. 

In early spring or late fall, use a knife or sharp shovel to separate the rhizomes into two or extra separate items. Every bit ought to have a few stems and wholesome roots. Rigorously take away the mass you wish to transplant and place it right into a ready gap. These divided rhizomes will quickly develop their very own wholesome stems. 


Close-up of a young Solomon's Seal plant presenting arching stems and bearing pairs of glossy, lance-shaped leaves surrounded by mulched soil.
Plant out with care, making certain correct soil, depth, and hydration.

Solomon’s seal is straightforward to transplant. Ideally, do your transplanting on a cool, overcast day within the spring or fall. First, determine the situation the place you’d like a Solomon’s seal plant to develop. Subsequent, put together your website by digging a gap barely bigger than the basis mass or the pot by which it’s rising. If the soil could be very dry or sandy, that is the best time to amend it by including some wealthy, natural compost. 

For container-grown crops, rigorously take away the plant from its pot. Set the bottom of the plant into the outlet so the rhizome sits just under the soil floor. Ensure the roots are dealing with down and the stems, if seen, are dealing with upwards. Then, backfill the area across the rootmass with recent soil. Lastly, water your new transplant properly and maintain it moist for a couple of week to assist it settle into its new house.

The best way to Develop

Solomon’s seal is straightforward to develop if you happen to can present a shaded location with usually moist soil situations. These crops are usually fairly hardy and have few issues with pests and illness, so you need to have a really trouble-free rising expertise! 


Close-up of a flowering Polygonatum plant under the sun in a garden, showing glossy green leaves arranged alternately along the arching stem, adorned with creamy-white, bell-shaped flowers drooping gracefully below.
This plant thrives in shade; keep away from intense daylight to forestall leaf burns.

Solomon’s seal is a shade plant that’s tailored to develop within the forest understory. It grows greatest in a fan of full shade with not more than two or three hours of shiny daylight every day. The leaves are delicate to intense direct daylight and can shortly burn if planted in full solar. In case your plant is getting some full solar, it can favor a delicate early morning sunny publicity versus a harsh, late afternoon publicity.


Polygonatum with slender, arching stems adorned with glossy, lance-shaped leaves and white, bell-shaped flowers, covered with water drops.
Established crops admire moist soil, tolerating occasional drought.

These crops like moist soil. Younger Solomon’s seal and new transplants would require extra common watering. As soon as they’re established, nevertheless, they’ll tolerate temporary durations of drought and in addition temporary durations of moist soil situations. You shouldn’t want to supply them further watering in most shaded places with average-quality soil, besides during times of extended drought. 


Close-up of a female gardener in blue jeans and a plaid shirt holding a handful of fresh, loose, dark brown soil.
For optimum progress, domesticate organically wealthy, well-drained, barely acidic soil.

Solomon’s seal thrives in organically wealthy, moist, well-drained soil. If in case you have difficult soil situations, attempt bettering sandy soil by including natural compost and enhancing heavy clay by bettering drainage and mixing it with some lighter, humus-rich soil earlier than planting. The soil pH needs to be impartial to barely acidic. 

Local weather and Temperature

The Polygonatum plant showcases gracefully arched stems adorned with glossy green leaves arranged alternately along the stem, along with pendulous, fragrant white flowers dangling below.
Select appropriate varieties for optimum progress in your local weather zone.

Solomon’s seal performs properly in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 3 by 9. These wildflowers are completely properly tailored to pure environmental situations. They stand up to each freezing temperatures and summer time warmth and humidity. One can find that completely different species and cultivars favor barely completely different climates. Ensure you know what your plant hardiness zone is so you possibly can select the perfect varieties on your zone. 


Solomon's Seal exhibits gracefully arching stems adorned with alternating glossy green leaves and delicate, bell-shaped white flowers.
Improve soil with natural compost for wholesome progress yearly.

There’s no have to fertilize your Solomon’s seal. Every fall, add a layer of pure biodegradable mulch, reminiscent of leaf clippings, to guard the roots from temperature extremes, protect soil moisture, and enhance soil high quality. Because the compost breaks down, it slowly provides extra natural matter to the soil, eliminating any want so as to add artificial fertilizers.

Natural compost is healthier than mulch or fertilizer, nevertheless. Solomon’s seal loves a really organically wealthy soil. If in case you have entry to compost, notably if you happen to work your individual compost pile, add a number of handfuls of compost round your crops annually and permit this to interrupt down into the soil. Your Solomon’s seal will get a superb nutrient enhance and won’t be burned by any harsh chemical substances. 


Lots of Solomon's Seal plants with lance-shaped leaves and clusters of pendulous, creamy-white flowers, surrounded by soil mulched with dry leaves.
Merely plant, mulch, and benefit from the low-maintenance magnificence.

Solomon’s seal crops are low-maintenance perennials. There actually isn’t a lot you’ll have to do together with your crops besides plant them, watch them develop, and revel in their pure magnificence. Annual mulching with a biodegradable natural mulch may also help enhance rising situations. In case your crops turn into too crowded, it’s also possible to skinny them, however this usually isn’t needed.

Backyard Design

Characterized by its slender, curving stems, Solomon's Seal displays glossy green foliage and dainty, drooping white flowers beneath among a blooming garden with various plants.
Craft a woodland oasis with versatile shade-loving perennials.

Among the finest issues about rising Solomon’s seal is that you could incorporate it into your panorama in locations the place many different crops fail to thrive. Do you’ve gotten a shaded woodland backyard? That is the proper place to start out some Solomon’s seals! Develop them alongside every other woodland crops for a really various and visually interesting woodland backyard. 

You don’t want an enormous area for these crops, however they’ll unfold a bit, so don’t crowd them. You’ll additionally wish to set them aside from different leafy crops so you possibly can totally see and admire all of the completely different foliage sorts. Hostas, ferns, and Solomon’s seal are all leafy and inexperienced, complement one another very properly, and all love the identical rising situations. 

If in case you have some spring ephemeral wildflowers in your backyard, plant these adjoining to long-season foliage crops, reminiscent of Solomon’s seal. Because the spring ephemerals are dying again and going dormant for the summer time, the Solomon’s seal can be reaching its peak and simply beginning to bloom. This retains your shade backyard wanting nice because the seasons progress. Their medium measurement additionally blends properly with each smaller and bigger shade crops.


Furry Solomon’s Seal, Polygonatum pubescens

Polygonatum pubescens features arching stems with alternate, oval leaves and clusters of small, bell-shaped, greenish-white flowers dangling beneath the foliage.
Discover the petite great thing about northeastern woodland habitats.

Furry Solomon’s seal is native to northeastern North America. It grows in cool, moist woodlands and generally overlaps in the identical habitat because the frequent selection (P. biflorum). Evaluating these two, nevertheless, the furry Solomon’s seal is smaller in stature, has fewer flowers, and has sparse hairs on the undersides of its leaves.

Large Solomon’s Seal, Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum 

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum presents gracefully arching stems adorned with pairs of lance-shaped leaves and clusters of small, fragrant, white flowers suspended beneath the foliage.
Embrace the grandeur of towering woodland class in your backyard.

Large Solomon’s seal is one other native species discovered in lots of North American forests. This species is tough to overlook as a result of it might probably attain as much as 5 ft tall in very best situations. Large Solomon’s seal can be a dramatic addition to any moist shaded backyard plot!

Dwarf Solomon’s Seal, Polygonatum humile

Polygonatum humile displays short, upright stems with glossy, lance-shaped leaves and small, bell-shaped white flowers hanging delicately underneath the foliage.
Invite delicate class with the petite attraction of Asian flora.

Dwarf Solomon’s seal is a smaller selection native to Asia. It’s winter hardy in zones 5 by 8, and, like the opposite Solomon’s seals, it likes a shaded location with wealthy, moist soil. The dwarf model has extra upright stems and a extra pronounced zig-zag leaf sample than a few of the different varieties.

Variegated Solomon’s Seal, Polygonatum odoratum var. pluriflorum ‘Variegatum’

Polygonatum odoratum var. pluriflorum 'Variegatum' showcases elegant arching stems adorned with variegated green and creamy-white leaves.
Add a contact of attract to your shady backyard oasis.

Variegated Solomon’s seal, also referred to as aromatic Solomon’s seal, is native to Asia and Europe. This good-looking selection is standard with gardeners due to its stunning inexperienced and white striped foliage and dramatic reddish stems. Variegated Solomon’s Seal is hardy in zones 3 by 8 and makes a wonderful shade backyard specimen.

False Solomon’s Seal, Maianthemum racemosum

Maianthemum racemosum displays slender, upright stems with alternating lance-shaped leaves and elongated clusters of small, white, star-shaped flowers.
Spot the delicate variations between these forest dwellers in spring.

The false Solomon’s seal is definitely confused with the frequent selection except you evaluate the 2 through the spring blooming interval. False Solomon’s seal has similar-looking alternating leaves, however the tiny white star-shaped flowers seem in a dense cluster on the terminal finish of the leafy stems. False Solomon’s seal is native to North American forests.

Wildlife Worth

Close-up of a hairy orange and black bumblebee feeding from the bell-shaped white flower of the Solomon's seals plant.
Delicate flowers nonetheless beckon bees.

Solomon’s seal isn’t a pollinator favourite as a result of the flowers are tough for a lot of pollinators to entry. It nonetheless attracts some smaller pollinators, nevertheless, particularly bees and a few smaller bugs. Birds and small mammals will come by within the fall to forage on the ripe berries and seeds. Deer and rabbits don’t trouble these crops. 

Frequent Issues

Close-up of Solomon's Seal decaying lance-shaped leaves, pale brown in color with a dryish texture and irregular holes against a blurry green background.
Thriving in very best situations, they’re pest-resistant and low-maintenance.

A wholesome Solomon’s seal plant rising in fascinating situations needs to be trouble-free. If grown in full solar, the leaves will burn and switch brown. Notice this occurs naturally in colder climate, too. These crops are usually not bothered by insect pests or fungal ailments.

In extraordinarily moist and humid situations, you might discover some fungal leaf spots, though this shouldn’t trigger lasting harm to your crops. It needs to be famous that the fruits are toxic to people and shouldn’t be consumed. 

Ultimate Ideas

Shade gardeners can be pleased about stunning crops like Solomon’s seal. These native wildflowers are hardy and low-maintenance, offering showy foliage for the shaded components of your panorama. It could be one of many best native woodland wildflowers you possibly can domesticate in your house backyard! 

All you want is a single plant, and inside a number of years, you should have a wholesome colony of spring-blooming wildflowers which are straightforward to divide and received’t ever be invasive. Develop them alongside another shade crops like hostas and ferns for a pleasant mix of vegetation to reinforce your woodland backyard from early spring by late fall. 

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