prairie and meadow plantings, succession and extra, with neil diboll

INTEREST AND AWARENESS round native crops has been trending in recent times, and it makes them really feel virtually new. However in fact natives are the unique crops of an space, and even in sure specialty corners of the nursery business, they’ve been round far longer than they’ve been making headlines.

Simply ask right now’s visitor, Neil Diboll, who has operated Prairie Nursery in Wisconsin for 42 years, since lengthy earlier than phrases like “pollinator backyard” have been trendy. He’ll share a few of his favourite species chances are you’ll not know, and in addition some recommendation on what to anticipate over time managing meadow- and prairie-style plantings, in case you’re amongst these gardeners contemplating transitioning a part of your garden, for example.

Neil has been president and consulting ecologist for Prairie Nursery in Westfield, Wisc., since 1982. Final yr, in collaboration with backyard designer and horticulturist Hilary Cox, he revealed “The Gardener’s Information to Prairie Crops” (affiliate hyperlink), a complete information to utilizing prairie crops in gardens and bigger restorations. (Above, Culver’s root, Veronicastrum virginicum.)

Plus: Remark within the field close to the underside of the web page to enter to win a duplicate of the guide.

Learn alongside as you hearken to the June 3, 2024 version of my public-radio present and podcast utilizing the participant under. You’ll be able to subscribe to all future editions on Apple Podcasts (iTunes) or Spotify (and browse my archive of podcasts right here).

speaking prairie crops, with neil diboll



Margaret Roach: I like the guide, Neil; it’s so critical, but in addition accessible. I don’t know for those who might be each issues on the similar time, however someway it’s. So congratulations on that.

Neil Diboll: Thanks.

Margaret: So we did a latest “New York Instances” backyard column collectively, however that wasn’t the primary time I met you. I met you 30-something years in the past once I was engaged on a guide referred to as “The Pure Habitat Backyard” with Ken Druse, and we came visiting you and study all issues prairie from you. And again then, natives, you jogged my memory once we labored on the latest Instances piece, have been extra more likely to be thought of weeds than trendy [laughter]. Sure?

Neil: Oh, sure, sure. Let’s simply say we have been a bit of forward of the curve on this. So there was some fairly laborious years making an attempt to persuade individuals to make use of natives once they weren’t accustomed to understanding something about them.

Margaret: Yeah, we’ve come a good distance, however it feels someway to me—I assume as a result of I get plenty of reader and listener questions—it feels to me like within the mainstream horticulture market, the analysis and growth and advertising and marketing efforts have been actually to invent flashy new types of natives and promote, promote, promote them possibly greater than to coach the purchasers. And I do know you suppose schooling is among the most vital components, and I completely agree, listening to what individuals are confounded by.

Neil: Yeah, schooling is super-important, particularly when 40 years in the past we had a product that no one knew about, and so we needed to educate. And to ensure that individuals to make use of your product correctly, to make use of these crops correctly, you could ensure that they perceive them and the way they work together with one another.

So gardening with native prairie crops, individuals can create mini-ecosystems or plant communities, and that’s actually a radical idea as a result of now you’re not simply plunking in a plant like this or a plant like that, however you’re really utilizing a local ecosystem as your mannequin for a backyard. And so quite than recreating nature in our personal picture, if you’ll, we’re utilizing nature’s ideas to create a mannequin of nature. So quite than a homocentric backyard, it’s a extra of a nature-centric mannequin. And that basically helps to tell gardeners so far as the way to use these crops and the way to use them to create low-maintenance, high-quality habitat.

Margaret: And simply to that time that you simply’re making, I imply, once we long-time gardeners, even skilled, skilled gardeners, we might purchase our hostas and our astilbe and our this and that. I simply talked about some shade crops, however I may point out solar crops, too. We put them down and 30 years later, they’re primarily in the identical place that they was once [laughter]. You understand what I imply? We knew the way to handle them, we knew what they wanted. We knew when to chop them again. We type of knew the routine. They have been the acquainted palette. And these usually are not essentially.

And as you’re stating, we’re not simply plunking issues down, “Ooh, look, that’ll look fairly over right here, and it will look fairly over there,” we’re creating communities. And that’s an entire totally different mindset. So I get plenty of questions from people who find themselves thrown off by, properly, how do I make this all work? It’s a bit of complicated.

Neil: And it helps to know your crops, and plenty of gardeners know their crops phenomenally properly, however they’re simply totally different crops. And so what we’re seeing now’s that critical gardeners are attending to know native crops and making use of ecological ideas in how they design with them, how they handle them, and so forth.

Particularly past simply using the crops as one thing aesthetic for human beings, however quite as a habitat backyard, and what I name a three way partnership with nature, the place we meet nature midway. So we invite nature into our gardens. And quite than spraying all the things to maintain the bugs off, we really invite the bugs. As a result of in my backyard or my meadows, if I don’t have holes within the leaves of my crops, I’m an utter failure as a gardener as a result of I’m not supporting pollinators, I’m not supporting birds. The bugs that kind the inspiration of the meals chain that feed all the things up, they’re going to eat my crops, and that’s why half the explanation why these crops are there, not only for me, however for all of us.

Margaret: Proper. Perfectionism shouldn’t be the aim [laughter]. And a static image, as I stated, I’ve hostas and so they’re nonetheless in the identical place the place I put them, as I stated, and I may have put them there 30 years in the past. And primarily, they’re greater, however they’re nonetheless there. However with let’s say… and possibly we should always inform the distinction between what’s a meadow versus a prairie planting as a result of that’s form of sizzling now, is to make a meadow or transition some garden to meadow or to prairie. What’s the distinction out of your ecologist’s perspective?

Neil: Between meadow and prairie?

Margaret: Yeah.

Neil: Yeah. Typically within the lexicon, a meadow is seen as a extra cool-season grass, with grasses that come up early in spring, with numerous wildflowers which can be extra predominant within the Japanese a part of america, normally a decrease profile. And a prairie is basically the outline of the Midwestern tall-grass prairie, which was encountered by early French explorers within the seventeenth, 18th centuries. They usually discovered these huge meadows with these tall grasses, and the phrase they used to explain them was prairie, which in fact is the French phrase for meadow. However once you have a look at the best way the phrases, the phrases are used now, meadow normally refers to a lower-growing profile, wildflower, meadow. And you’ll have a brief prairie, however a brief prairie remains to be 1 to five ft tall relying upon the constituents. So it’s nonetheless typically a taller plant group and typical of the Midwest quite than the East.

Margaret: So I hear from individuals who transitioned an space to a meadow or a prairie, normally, once more, I’m within the East, so I hear from particularly plenty of Easterners and so they say, meadow, “I’ve a brand new meadow backyard or no matter.” “I’m managing my meadow.” And within the third yr, I don’t see my black-eyed Susans. There’s no extra black-eyed Susans. And I liked my black-eyed Susans,” Rudbeckia hirta [above]. Some members of that group that they thought was going to remain static, keep like a postcard picture ceaselessly, and it’s evolving, proper? So uh-oh, succession [laughter].

Neil: Precisely, yeah. And let’s have a look at the 2 other ways you need to use these crops. You’ll be able to create a prairie backyard with transplants, the place you possibly can choose long-lived crops if you need it to be extra static. And that’s why in our guide, we listed flora expectations. We don’t have any annuals in there, however we’ve got a couple of biennials, in fact, with a life expectancy of two years. After which short-lived perennials three to 5 years, after which mid-successional perennials 5 to 10 years, after which later successional perennials 10 to twenty, after which lastly the Methuselah crops that stay 20, 30, 40, 50 years and longer.

Margaret: I liked that Neil, I liked it. I imply, I’ve by no means seen the life expectancy listed in any guide about crops. And once you did that, and it was like “Baptisia, 20-plus years,” and I used to be like, proper, that factor is anchored within the floor. You understand what I imply? That’s a keeper that’s staying round. It settles down, and it’s there.

Neil: Effectively, I feel that is actually vital for gardeners, in order that they know what they’re getting. As you level out, what occurred to my Rudbeckia hirta? Effectively, it’s a biennial, and naturally you’re referring to a seed combine the place being a biennial, it’s simply fairly dominant in a second yr, and it’d cling on for one more couple of years, however by the fifth or sixth yr, it’s just about gone due to, as you identified, ecological succession.

And that is actually vital for individuals to know ecological succession, whereby once you seed onto open floor, normally the primary yr it’s all weeds, which you didn’t plant. They’re simply dormant seeds within the soil, and also you management them by retaining all the things mowed again, normally to about 6 inches within the first rising season.

After which you might have biennials that present up in a second yr, just like the black-eyed Susan and weedy biennials. And oftentimes you’ll must mow these within the second yr. After which the third yr, the extra quickly maturing perennials of the prairie flowers and grasses begin to present up. And by the fifth yr, it’s just about a prairie, if all the things’s going in keeping with plan.

After which what’s attention-grabbing is the precise variety of complete variety of prairie crops normally peaks round yr 12 or 15. After which it begins to drop barely because the early successional and mid-successional perennials give technique to these longer-lived crops that stay 10 to 20-plus years.

So it’s type of disappointing generally once you see a few of your favourite crops possibly going by the wayside. However with disturbance… and that is actually vital, and disturbance is available in many types. There’s ripping the bottom up, there’s animal exercise, however the one we normally use is managed burning.

With managed burning, you’ll be able to type of set succession again and hold what we name gap-phase succession the place you might have open soil the place a few of these different species that may be shorter-lived, can recede and proceed to keep up as a lot variety as attainable. So burning is basically an vital side of this. After all, lots of people can’t burn or don’t wish to burn. It’s really very simple to burn for those who arrange your panorama accurately. And it’s actually plenty of enjoyable as you already know.

Margaret: There’s an entire part in your guide about it, and once I first met you, you couldn’t wait to convey me and Ken Druse to your property the place you have been making a prairie. You had a younger prairie backyard in your entrance yard, I feel, and also you needed to point out us a managed burn. And so once more, you instruct the way to do it within the guide.

Effectively, I like that you simply stated that we may use a few of these crops as form of specimens. Lets say, “I’m going to make a mattress of those prairie crops, not a group.” So we may try this and management it extra, however when it’s extra like a meadow or a prairie, the succession goes to take maintain and so forth.

Neil: And once you use seeds, it’s going to be an evolutionary course of. However in fact, we wish to have these early-successional, mid-successional species. So we’ve got curiosity in yr 3, 5, 7, 10, 15, 20, and on, however it type of reaches extra of a stasis after about 15 years or so. However it’s not unhealthy. You continue to have a lot of flowers and exquisite grasses, so there’s just a few species that will fall by the wayside over an prolonged time period.

Margaret: And also you simply stated grasses. And that’s an vital element as a result of simply selecting an entire lot of flowers, plenty of forbs, shouldn’t be going to do it, shouldn’t be going to carry all of it collectively and create that group, as a result of these have been crops which can be accustomed to having partnerships with grasses.

Neil: Sure. And prairies are grasslands, meadows are grasslands, and so you actually can’t have one with out the grass, and those that have tried to plant simply wildflowers. And it may be finished, however it’s a bit of trickier for numerous causes. Primary, it’s the fibrous roots of the grasses that assist to discourage weeds, as a result of they don’t enable any open soil on the floor of the bottom. And in order that’s the place most weeds get established. There are at all times going to be weeds that may blow in and trigger issues, however you’ll vastly cut back that hazard by having ample amount of grass in your meadow or backyard. In order that they’re actually type of your weeders. Like I say, make the crops do the give you the results you want. I don’t wish to go on the market and weed. I’m going to design this backyard or design this prairie seed combine so it’s going to have ample grass in it to maintain weeds out as finest as attainable.

And in addition, for those who’re going to burn a prairie, flower sticks, previous flower sticks don’t burn. You want what we name superb gasoline—grass—to be able to carry a hearth. So for those who don’t have grass in your prairie, it principally gained’t burn. And you then lose that nice administration possibility for retaining it very recent and new and looking out good and retaining out weeds and bushes and shrubs, as a result of fireplace is basically one of the best ways to maintain out invaders, most invaders. And individuals are scared of fireside. Effectively, really on our web site, I’ve an article beneath sources and guides, it’s referred to as “The way to Burn Your Prairie Safely,” and there’s so many tips about how to do that.

So I imply, it’s virtually not possible to lose it for those who do it proper. And one actually easy trick is simply earlier than you burn it, simply minimize all the things down and all of the gasoline is on the bottom. As an alternative of getting huge flames, it’s simply creeping alongside the bottom. And so it’s so easy. It’s very easy.

Margaret: I’m sorry that the home wren, by the best way, outdoors my window—though I’ve closed the window, the home wren is insistent on being on this program right now, so you possibly can hear him screaming.

Neil: Oh, yeah, that’s good. It’s good to have a accomplice on the present.

Margaret: [Laughter.] Somewhat bossy creature. Yeah. So we have been speaking about making this residing mulch in a way by having the element of grasses with the wildflowers, the forbs, and that it makes it extra weed-resistant. The opposite query I get requested rather a lot is when weeds do come by means of, particularly within the early years that I don’t need, ought to I pull them out as a result of then that will open up one other area within the soil? Ought to I pull them out and attempt to do the least opening of soil attainable or put one thing on it, like a bit of cardboard or no matter? Is there any weeding recommendation in any respect for these type of communities?

Neil: Yeah, as soon as once more, you’re speaking a few seeded meadow, seeded prairie, proper?

Margaret: Perhaps, yeah.

Neil: O.Ok. Effectively, for those who have a look at it, it’s important to have a look at it strategically, and you could know your weeds. In reality, once I first began doing this again in 1977, I used to be plantings that somebody had finished on the college the place I went to high school, and it was a really new planting so all I discovered have been weeds. So I needed to be taught my weeds first, which really was very useful.

As a result of for those who have a look at weeds, you have a look at them because the species that may trigger issues in a grassland, you might have annuals, which present up largely within the first yr and the second yr as properly. Then you might have biennials. Now we’re speaking about herbaceous crops, annuals and biennials. After which you might have perennial grasses, and you’ve got perennial rhizomatous grasses and perennial non-rhizomatous grasses. Then you might have perennial broadleaf weeds, and people are additionally divided into rhizomatous and non-rhizomatous, with the rhizomatous species being the true downside kids, these are those that creep in all places. Issues like Canada thistle and area bindweed and horse nettle. These are actual, actual issues, and also you wish to get them out as quickly as you presumably can. Crown vetch, oh, what a horrible plant.

Margaret: We’ve got mugwort, and I do know your recommendation for mugwort.

Neil: Oh, mugwort is like, oh, good luck with that.

Margaret: Relocate. Relocate [laughter].

Neil: Yeah, relocate. Recalibrate, sure. It’s so troublesome upon getting a longtime inhabitants of it.

Or what you are able to do is you possibly can kill all of it off. After which right here’s a bit of trick. If in case you have a long-term downside with the seed financial institution, you possibly can kill all the things off with whichever technique you wish to use, whether or not it’s smothering or repeated tilling or herbicide or no matter, till there’s completely none of that perennial weed left and none across the edges the place it could creep in. After which you possibly can put 3 inches of recent, clear, topsoil over that which is able to bury the weed seed financial institution, after which you possibly can seed or plant your crops into that recent soil, assuming that it doesn’t have some other problematic weeds. So this works on a small space, it’s not going to work on a bigger space.

However when you might have an issue web site with a longterm historical past of actually nasty, thuggish weeds, that is the way you overcome them, by fully eliminating the weeds after which placing 3 inches of excellent, clear topsoil over that, that won’t have weed seeds. However for those who have a look at this, you could know who you’re up towards. So so far as pulling weeds within the first yr of a seeded prairie, you by no means pull weeds, as a result of once you pull the weeds, you undoubtedly, invariably convey up clumps of soil and there go your prairie seedlings with it. And also you may as properly go in there and spray it with Roundup. That’s why we hold all the things mowed to six inches, as a result of few, if any of these prairie seedlings are going to develop greater than 6 inches within the first yr.

Within the second yr, if we’ve got downside weeds with biennials like burdock, candy clovers, wild parsnip, plenty of these guys can actually be an issue. So proper after they end blooming, we minimize them all the way down to 12 inches, which then stops the seed formation course of.

Margaret: Proper, O.Ok.

Neil: And kills the crops aside from Queen Anne’s lace, which is an indeterminate bloomer and would require fixed slicing again of the flowers. Then within the third yr…

Margaret: I used to be going to say strategic relying on what plant you’re up towards, you might have a method. Yeah.

Neil: Precisely. And that info is within the guide, “The Gardener’s Information to Prairie Crops.” It’s additionally on our web site. So there’s a lot of sources right here the place individuals can get to know these crops and what to do. However once more, it’s important to know who you’re up towards and know the way to strategically management them.

Margaret: Proper, perceive its life historical past and so forth. Yeah.

Neil: Yeah, precisely.

Margaret: So once we did the Instances story, we talked about how though everybody just about coast to coast is aware of purple coneflower, Echinacea purpurea, which by the way isn’t native coast to coast, however I even see it offered in catalogs promoting in California, for goodness sake. However there’s so many all over the place it appears [laughter]. However there’s so many nice prairie natives for the Japanese half or two-thirds of the nation, which is I assume roughly talking, plenty of them are your specialties, that individuals don’t know but. And I assumed it might be enjoyable to simply take a couple of minutes to name out so we don’t run out of time. Take a couple of minutes to name out some that you simply want you knew higher, as a result of it’s not simply purple coneflower and Rudbeckia, proper? [Above, hybrid coneflowers combining genetics of Echinacea purpurea and E. pallida.]

Neil: Proper. And individuals are oriented towards the showy flowers. And let’s not neglect that the English have been planting purple coneflower within the nineteenth century, once we have been plowing up the prairies. In order that plant’s been standard for a very long time, simply not right here. However let’s have a look at another crops that maybe are a bit of extra muted or are good companions for among the showier crops.

And I actually like plenty of the white-flowered crops, and white-flowered crops additionally notably good for bees and parasitoid wasps, which assist to regulate pests in your backyard. One among my favorites is Culver’s root, Veronicastrum virginicum [top of page]. It’s a stately, elegant plant. It’s about 5 ft tall. It has stunning whorled leaves up the stem and these pure white spires of flowers, completely beautiful plant, and it’ll develop in clay. It would develop in moist soil. It doesn’t like dry soil. It would develop in full solar, and it’ll develop partially shade. So it’s a reasonably versatile plant, so long as you give it a great backyard soil or perhaps a barely damp soil.

One other nice plant is the rattlesnake grasp, Eryngium yuccifolium [below], beautiful foliage, excellent flowers, which is able to bloom for a reasonably prolonged time period. Only a actually attention-grabbing, odd-looking plant, however it has actual character, and it blooms similtaneously prairie blazingstar, Liatris pycnostachya. And you’ve got this lavender-white, great pastel mixture.

That is the place the whites are so great, and it’s attention-grabbing. Folks consider prairies, oh, it’s all filled with yellow flowers, however really there’s a lot of totally different colours. White is the second commonest colour of prairie flowers.

Margaret: I didn’t know that.

Neil: Yeah, it’s superb. And so rattlesnake grasp is also pollinated virtually solely by wasps, together with parasitic wasps. And I had a shopper who had horrible issues with tomato hornworm in his vegetable backyard. He planted a 1,000-square-foot prairie from us with a quarter-pound of prairie combine. And after the rattlesnake grasp began blooming, he stated, “I had no extra issues with tomato hornworms.”

And there’s a parasitic wasp that assaults the tomato hornworm by laying eggs on its again, which then burrow into the caterpillar, the caterpillar stage, and principally eats it from the within out and emerges like “Alien.” So the place do you suppose they acquired that concept for the film? From nature. So he says, “My prairie is my pesticide.” And so plenty of natural gardeners will use these crops to draw parasitic wasps to maintain, hopefully, in lots of instances, to maintain their pests down.

Margaret: And everyone knows… That’s one instance, and never simply with parasitic wasps, however the extra variety, the extra layers of the meals chain are being supported, the extra assist there may be at each stage for any risk.

Neil: Oh, yeah. So true.

Margaret: Yeah. Meals and interventions each can be found.

Neil: So for those who plant a prairie combine with 20, 25, 30 species, you promote them, get one hundred pc. Mom nature’s fairly tough. However I imply, for those who get 70, 80 % of that and also you get a large variety of flowers, you’re not simply feeding bugs, you’re additionally feeding birds as a result of they eat the bugs, and many butterflies come. And naturally the bees, the wasps and all people.

And individuals are so petrified of wasps, however most wasps, they don’t trouble you. The one wasps you actually have to fret about are yellow jackets. These are the one ones that may assault you in case you are not bothering them. Hornets gained’t trouble you. Mud daubers gained’t trouble you, cicada killers gained’t trouble you except you trouble them. However the yellow jacket, they’d simply as quickly sting as have a look at you. However they typically don’t come to the prairie as a result of they eat doughnuts and hamburgers and soda cans.

Margaret: They go to the mall [laughter].

Neil: They go to the picnic.

Margaret: They go to the mall.

Neil: That’s the place they go, they’re not coming to your prairie. So price, one other good selection are the mountain mints, genus Pycnanthemum. These are simply pollinator havens, and we couldn’t give these away 20 years in the past. All of the sudden, they’re tremendous standard due to the curiosity in pollinators. And so Pycnanthemum is within the mint household, and it’s superb at what number of totally different species it attracts.

Margaret: And there’s a number of totally different mountain mints, I feel. I don’t know what number of you carry.

Neil: There’s heaps. Pycnanthemum virginianum, Pycnanthemum tenuifolium, Pycnanthemum muticum [above]. All of those are actually good selections for attracting pollinators, and so they’re fairly adaptable species.

Margaret: One of many issues that individuals ask me about rather a lot, and I feel we talked about possibly one or two selections within the Instances story, individuals need issues which can be low to the bottom, like groundcover-ish issues, as a result of that was what, in fact, as gardeners, we have been all hooked on groundcovers, and there’s not as many selections possibly, however there are some. I feel Antennaria, pussytoes is that one [below]?

Neil: That’s an amazing plant for a dry, sandy soil. If in case you have a patio with sand in between the stones, it’ll develop in there. It stays actually low. It likes no less than a half a day of solar, however it stays very low. It has stunning silvery leaves.

And it really is dioecious: It has separate female and male crops. It’s laborious to inform the distinction except you rise up shut and private. However it sends up these little flower stalks about 4 inches tall and these stunning whitish-green leaves, and so they particularly have these little white hairs to replicate solar as a result of they develop in very dry environments, the place it’s simple to get overheated.

So it’ll develop in super-, super-difficult websites like sandy hillsides and locations like that, or alongside sidewalks, however it doesn’t like clay. So that you wish to have a very good-draining soil. However when you might have these spots which can be actual sizzling spots, like up towards the south aspect of a home that get simply burned up, this can be a nice low-growing plant. And there’s another actually great dry-tolerant prairie crops that attain taller heights as properly for these sorts of troublesome conditions.

Margaret: The final one I wish to ask you about is there’s a petunia, however it’s not a petunia. It’s a Ruellia, I feel.

Neil: Yeah.

Margaret: Yeah. Is it a prairie petunia? Is that what it’s referred to as? What’s its frequent identify?

Neil: Prairie petunia, wild petunia, Ruellia humilis [above].

Margaret: Wild petunia, O.Ok.

Neil: Humilis: low-growing, humble, low-growing. This can be a actually stunning plant with only a violet flower. And it has a single faucet root, after which it simply spreads out. It sends out these branches alongside the floor of the soil. It doesn’t get greater than a pair ft tall, so it’s one other actually good groundcover-ish plant. It doesn’t creep and kind a floor cowl just like the pussytoes, the place it really creeps by rhizomes or the wild strawberry [Fragaria virginiana] is one other good one, which creeps by rhizomes and can develop in very troublesome soils, too, very dry soils. And the Ruellia can also be tolerant of sizzling, dry circumstances. So these are actually good selections if you need some low-growing crops, particularly in robust, sizzling conditions.

Margaret: Effectively, I’ll embrace some hyperlinks to a few of the academic stuff in your web site, as a result of as you stated at the start, schooling’s been a very vital a part of working with a product that individuals didn’t actually, and nonetheless don’t absolutely, learn about, and are simply studying about. I at all times be taught rather a lot from you, Neil, even once I’m not at your home and also you’re not setting your entrance garden on fireplace to terrify me [laughter].

Neil: Effectively, it’s been some time. Margaret. Subsequent spring it’s best to come, and we’ll do an anniversary prairie fireplace.

Margaret: O.Ok. Extra trauma [laughter]. Effectively, thanks a lot. Thanks for making time right now.

Neil: It’s my pleasure, Margaret.

Margaret: Pull some extra invasives, I’m going to go do the identical. O.Ok.

Neil: All proper. It’s been great. Thanks a lot.

(All photographs from Prairie Nursery, used with permission.)

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I’LL BUY A COPY of “The Gardener’s Information to Prairie Crops,” by Neil Diboll and Hilary Cox, for one fortunate reader. All it’s important to do to enter is reply this query within the feedback field under:

Have you ever added any native crops to your panorama in recent times? Inform us (and inform us the place you backyard).

No reply, or feeling shy? Simply say one thing like “depend me in” and I’ll, however a reply is even higher. I’ll choose a random winner after entries shut at midnight Tuesday, June 11, 2024. Good luck to all.

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