Learn how to Plant, Develop, and Take care of Lemon Cucumbers

The primary time you see a ‘Lemon’ cucumber, it’s exhausting to imagine it’s even a cucumber plant! Whereas it has the basic cucumber vines and leaves, the fruits resemble small yellow baseballs quite than the elongated inexperienced cucumbers you’re most likely aware of. Nevertheless, once you chew into the crunchy and candy cukes, you’ll acknowledge that ‘Lemon’ cucumbers aren’t so totally different than their inexperienced counterparts.

I first noticed these yellow cukes when working at a vegetable farm in Virginia. As soon as farmers’ market clients turned aware of them, they turned large followers. The yellow pores and skin blended properly with inexperienced cucumbers in salads and sandwiches, and their small measurement made them straightforward to make use of.

Out within the fields, ‘Lemon’ cucumbers grew equally to different varieties of cukes. They thrived throughout sunny and heat days so long as they obtained loads of water, and despatched out new ripe cukes each few days. I’ll share primary info in addition to ideas and tips that will help you develop these fascinating cucumbers in your backyard.


A close-up of 'Lemon' cucumbers, showcasing one fruit sliced neatly in half, revealing its small seeds inside.
The ‘Lemon’ cucumber belongs to the Cucurbitaceae household.

Native Space

Southeast Asia

Watering Necessities


Pests and Illnesses

Cucumber beetles, squash vine borer, squash bugs, bacterial wilt, powdery mildew, downy mildew, anthracnose


Low to reasonable

Soil Kind

Properly-draining, excessive in natural matter, and barely acidic

What Is It?

The ‘Lemon’ cucumber is an annual vining plant greatest identified for its spherical, yellow fruits. Though these fruits look totally different from different varieties of cucumbers, they arrive with the juicy, candy crunch cucumbers are identified for. They don’t style like lemons; as a substitute, they get their title from their look.


Green 'Lemon' cucumbers covered in rough, textured skins, contrast vividly against the backdrop of lush, winding vines.
‘Lemon’ cucumbers produce small, yellow flowers two months after planting.

Like all cucumbers, ‘Lemon’ cucumbers are cold-sensitive annual crops. They develop in a sprawling behavior with a number of herbaceous vines coated with scratchy inexperienced leaves. The vines additionally produce curling tendrils that the plant makes use of to wrap round and climb up objects like fences and arbors.

About two months after planting, the crops produce small, yellow flowers. Every plant is monoecious, that means it produces each female and male flowers. The feminine flowers have the potential to turn out to be fruits, whereas the male flowers provide pollen.

The actual defining attribute of this plant is its spherical, yellow fruits which are a little bit smaller than a tennis ball. These cucumbers have a skinny pores and skin and candy, burpless flesh. If all situations are proper, ‘Lemon’ cucumber crops start producing mature cucumbers about 65 days after you plant the seeds.

Native Space

A 'Lemon' cucumber hanging alone on its vine, embraced by lush green leaves.
It turned in style in Australia earlier than reaching the US.

Cucumber crops are native to tropical areas in Southeast Asia. Many individuals report that the ‘Lemon’ cucumber was in style in Australia earlier than it made its approach to the US within the late 1800s.


‘Lemon’ cucumbers are warm-weather crops that develop greatest in the summertime months. You may develop them by direct sowing seeds or planting transplants, and should you reside in an space with a protracted rising season, you’ll be able to plant a number of successions every year.


Yellow 'Lemon' cucumber flowers bloom brightly amidst green leaves, set against a cool, textured gray wall.
Beginning seeds indoors permits for environmental management.

Transplanting ‘Lemon’ cucumbers gives a number of benefits. It permits you to begin your seeds indoors when the climate remains to be chilly, permitting you to get a leap in your rising season. That is particularly useful should you reside in an space with a protracted, cool spring. By the point the climate warms, your seedlings will likely be able to transplant open air.

Beginning transplants indoors permits you to rigorously management environmental variables like water, temperature, and lightweight. Subsequently, seeds are unlikely to rot and expertise poor germination charges. Nevertheless, it’s vital to notice that cucumber roots are extraordinarily delicate, so you need to deal with the seedlings with further care when transplanting them.

The best time to plant ‘Lemon’ cucumber seeds indoors is dependent upon the place you reside. These crops are extraordinarily cold-sensitive, so it’s essential to wait till nights stay above 50°F (10°C) earlier than planting them open air. In case you begin your seeds too early, the seedlings could turn out to be rootbound by the point the climate warms up.

A superb rule of thumb is to plant the seeds indoors round your final spring frost date. Cucumbers are fast growers, so the seedlings will likely be able to plant open air two to 4 weeks later. By this level, outside temperatures will likely be heat sufficient to help their progress.

  1. Fill a seedling container with a well-draining soil combine. ‘Lemon’ cucumbers are fast growers, so massive cells are greatest.
  2. Poke a half inch deep gap in the midst of the container and place two seeds within the gap. Cowl the seeds with potting soil and water nicely.
  3. Place the seeds someplace 70-85°F (21-29°C). Water the soil so it stays moist however not soaking moist. The seeds ought to germinate inside a number of days.
  4. As soon as the seedlings have sprouted, transfer them to a location with 12 hours of shiny gentle. A sunny window can work nicely, however a number of inches beneath a develop gentle is commonly a greater choice. In case you discover the seedlings have gotten lengthy and leggy, they want extra gentle!
  5. After the cucumbers develop a set of true leaves, skinny them so there’s just one seedling per cell. Chopping the seedling on the soil stage prevents the remaining seedlings from changing into broken.
  6. You may plant your seedlings outdoors as soon as they’ve two units of true leaves. Allow them to acclimate to their new dwelling by hardening them off over the course of some days. This may restrict transplant shock.
  7. When it’s time to transplant, gently take away the seedlings from their containers whereas taking further care to keep away from disturbing the plant’s roots. Cucumber roots are extraordinarily delicate, so keep away from messing with them as a lot as doable.
  8. Dig a gap that’s a bit bigger than the plant’s root ball and place the seedling within the gap. In case you’re planting a number of crops on the similar time, house them one to 2 toes aside. Cowl the highest of every root ball with soil and water nicely.

Rising from Seed

A close-up of a small, unripe 'Yellow' cucumber, set against a background of mulched garden bed.
Guarantee soil temperature reaches 65°F (18°C) earlier than sowing seeds.

Another choice is to direct sow your cucumber seeds. It is a nice choice should you reside in an space with a protracted rising season. Whereas the soil is commonly too chilly for spring-sown cucumber seeds to germinate, summer season plantings will germinate nicely.

If you wish to direct sow your ‘Lemon’ cucumber seeds, ensure the soil temperature is not less than 65°F (18°C). The greatest time to sow cucumber seeds varies by rising zone, however you need to use the air temperature as a information. The air ought to be hitting the 70s or 80s (between 21 and 27°C) throughout the day and dipping no decrease than 50°F (10°C) at evening.

When you’ve decided the soil is heat sufficient, dig a gap that’s half an inch deep. Place two cucumber seeds in every gap, cowl them with soil, gently tamp the bottom, and water nicely. In case you’re planting a couple of cucumber plant, house them one to 2 toes aside. You may house trellised crops tighter than you’d untrellised crops. After the seeds germinate, skinny them so there is just one seed per grouping. 

Learn how to Develop

‘Lemon’ cucumbers are reasonably straightforward to develop, offered that you simply develop them in the proper situations. Whereas their care necessities aren’t tough to satisfy, they’re prone to numerous ailments and pests. So long as you retain your crops wholesome, you’ll get pleasure from a big and extended harvest.


'Yellow' cucumbers rest on the ground beneath a canopy of sunlit leaves, soaking up the warmth.
Plant cucumber on the south-facing facet of a stable fence.

‘Lemon’ cucumbers develop greatest in full solar. They require not less than eight hours of direct gentle to stay wholesome and produce flowers. Nevertheless, they’ll carry out higher in the event that they obtain ten and even twelve hours of direct gentle.

In case you plan to trellis your cucumber crops, make sure the trellis gained’t block the solar from reaching your crops. String and wire trellises let in sufficient solar to maintain the crops glad, so their orientation in your backyard isn’t a make-or-break state of affairs. Nevertheless, should you’re utilizing a lattice fence panel or rising your cucumbers up a stable fence, purpose to plant the cukes on the south-facing facet of the fence.


Blue watering can pours water onto lush green cucumber plants in a garden bed.
‘Lemon’ cucumbers want watering not less than thrice per week throughout dry, sizzling durations.

Like all cucumbers, ‘Lemon’ cucumbers are made nearly totally of water. Subsequently, it most likely isn’t shocking that these crops require a reasonable quantity of moisture to thrive. Though ‘Lemon’ cucumbers can tolerate drought higher than different varieties, they gained’t develop nicely in the event that they go quite a lot of days with out water.

Since crops lose extra water throughout sizzling climate, they require extra water. Which means you need to anticipate to water your ‘Lemon’ cucumbers extra within the warmth of summer season than you do within the late spring. Whereas elements like soil kind, temperature, and humidity affect your supreme watering schedule, plant to water your crops not less than thrice per week throughout dry, sizzling durations.

You may water your crops with a hose or watering can or go for a soaker hose or drip irrigation system. Regardless of which choice you select, ensure to water the bottom of your crops quite than the leaves. Moist leaves usually tend to develop fungal ailments, so you need to purpose to maintain the foliage as dry as doable.


A hand grips a mound of rich, dark soil, against a blurred background of a black pail filled with more gardening soil.
Use a well-draining potting combine wealthy in natural matter.

‘Lemon’ cucumbers choose well-draining soil that’s wealthy in natural matter and barely acidic. Nevertheless, they’ll develop nicely in numerous soil varieties so long as it doesn’t stay saturated. In case you’re beginning with native soil that’s heavy in clay or sand, combine a number of handfuls of completed compost into the highest six inches of soil. This may enhance aeration, drainage, and water-holding whereas additionally offering the crops with a lift of vitamins and helpful microbes.

In case you’re rising your ‘Lemon’ cucumbers in containers, select a potting combine that’s well-draining and wealthy in natural matter. A mix of aged compost, peat moss, and screened topsoil works nicely.

Temperature and Humidity

A close-up of ripe yellow cucumbers hanging from fuzzy green vines in a garden.
Guarantee correct plant spacing for good airflow in humid climates.

‘Lemon’ cucumbers are extraordinarily delicate to the chilly, so don’t strive rising them when temperatures are beneath 50°F (10°C). Whereas the crops gained’t die at this temperature, they may expertise stress that results in slowed progress and/or discolored leaves. A greater choice is to attend till nighttime temperatures stay constantly above 50°F (10°C).

These crops aren’t delicate to humidity, however excessive humidity ranges improve the percentages that the crops will develop fungal ailments. In case you reside in an space with humid summers, ensure to house the crops far sufficient aside to take care of good airflow.


Hands gently holding blue fertilizer granules against a backdrop of potted soil in a garden setting.
Use a fertilizer to help foliage and flower manufacturing.

‘Lemon’ cucumber crops don’t require excessive doses of fertilizer to thrive, however most crops profit from a low dose of fertilizer. Because you’re after the crops’ fruits quite than their leaves, watch out to not apply an excessive amount of nitrogen. In case you apply a lot of nitrogen coupled with low quantities of phosphorus and potassium, you threat ending up with a lot of inexperienced leaves however few flowers and fruit.

A superb choice is to decide on a fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 5-10-10 or 3-4-4. These blends will help the plant’s foliage whereas additionally encouraging to provide flowers. Comply with product directions and apply it to the soil earlier than planting. In case you discover your crops are exhibiting indicators of nutrient deficiencies, you’ll be able to add one other dose of fertilizer to the crops after they’re rising. Keep in mind you could all the time dilute a liquid fertilizer should you’re uncertain whether or not or not fertilizer is critical.


A vibrant 'Yellow' cucumber vine showcasing delicate yellow flowers in full bloom.
Trellising and pruning younger ‘Lemon’ cucumbers improve airflow.

‘Lemon’ cucumber crops will be as low upkeep or excessive upkeep as you want. I’ve let the crops sprawl throughout the bottom with no assist from me moreover watering. Nevertheless, you may as well trellis and prune your crops should you’d like.

Trellising and pruning assist enhance airflow, limiting the probability that the crops will develop illness. It additionally frees up house in your backyard for different crops to develop. In case you’d wish to trellis your ‘Lemon’ cucumbers, begin when the crops are younger. It’s simpler to coach small crops to develop up a trellis quite than wrangle massive crops in a while.

Quite a few strategies and supplies work nicely as a trellis. You should utilize a single vertical string and clip the vine to the string. In case you make the most of this methodology, prune off any vines that develop off the principle stem. Another choice is to information the plant to develop up a metallic cattle panel. The plant’s tendrils will wrap across the wire and help the plant.

Exterior of trellising, ‘Lemon’ cucumber crops require little upkeep. In case you see any diseased or discolored leaves, you’ll be able to prune them off and get rid of them. This may sluggish the unfold of illness to different elements of the plant.


A close-up of sliced 'Yellow' cucumber pieces arranged neatly on a rustic wooden table, showcasing their fresh, juicy texture.
Dry seeds earlier than storing them in a cool, hermetic container.

The easiest way to propagate ‘Lemon’ cucumbers is from seed. If you wish to save the seeds out of your crops, don’t harvest them after they attain tennis ball measurement. As an alternative, allow them to proceed to develop for 3 to 4 weeks to permit the seeds to mature. At this level, they need to be comfortable, and the seeds ought to be massive.

Scoop out the seeds and place them in a container with water. Set the container someplace cool and darkish for a number of days. Then, pressure the seeds from the remainder of the combination. Lay the seeds out in a single layer and set them someplace dry till they turn out to be absolutely dry. Place the dried seeds in an hermetic container and retailer them someplace cool and darkish.

Harvesting and Storage

Hands cradle multiple ripe yellow cucumbers, showcasing their vibrant color and smooth skin.
Choose cucumbers by slicing the stem half an inch above the fruit.

You’ll begin seeing ‘Lemon’ cucumbers which are prepared to reap about 65 days after planting the seed. These cucumbers are prepared to reap after they’re two to 3 inches in diameter. In case you allow them to develop bigger, you’ll cope with greater seeds and fewer crunchy flesh.

Whenever you spot a cucumber that’s prepared to reap, pinch or minimize the stem about half an inch above the cucumber. Keep away from pulling the stem off the cucumber since this may expose the within of the fruit and depart it prone to rot. ‘Lemon’ cucumbers develop quickly throughout heat climate, so verify your crops for fruits each different day in the summertime.

Retailer your cucumbers in your fridge after harvest. In case you retailer them within the crisper drawer or an hermetic container, they need to stay crisp for not less than 5 days.

Widespread Issues

Sadly, ‘Lemon’ cucumbers are prone to a good variety of pests and ailments. If left unchecked, these can decimate your crops. Realizing which issues to look out for may help you establish issues ASAP and preserve your crops wholesome.


A close-up of a yellow cucumber beetle with distinct black spots crawls across green leaves.
Spray cucumber beetles straight with an natural pesticide containing pyrethrin.

Cucumber beetles are the primary pest of ‘Lemon’ cucumbers. There are two essential varieties of cucumber beetles: striped and noticed. Striped cucumber beetles are shiny yellow with black stripes, and the noticed selection has black spots as a substitute of stripes. Each varieties are a couple of quarter of an inch lengthy.

The pests feed on cucumber leaves, stems, flowers, and fruits, and the bugs additionally unfold a devastating illness referred to as bacterial wilt. This illness is incurable and results in plant demise quickly after an infection. Subsequently, you need to strive your greatest to maintain these beetles off your crops. A technique to do that is to bodily exclude the pests with a light-weight row cowl. Nevertheless, you need to take away the quilt when the crops start to provide flowers so pollinators can attain the flowers.

In case you spot cucumber beetles in your crops, you could have a number of choices. Hand-picking is an effective resolution should you solely see a number of beetles. Another choice is to spray the pests with an natural pesticide that accommodates pyrethrin or neem oil. Each of those merchandise require contact to work, so be sure to spray the beetles straight. The identical can be utilized for squash bugs. It’s also possible to take away squash bug eggs from the undersides of leaves.

Squash vine borer is one other pest that preys on crops within the cucurbit household. In case you see a shiny pink moth that appears like a wasp flying round your cucumber crops, examine your vines to make sure it didn’t lay eggs (which appear like small brownish-orange disks) on the stems of your plant.

Take away any eggs you see, and verify for his or her sawdust frass across the stem as nicely. You may prune away elements of the plant broken by squash vine borer if there’s one other vine current. Rotate your squash crops seasonally to stop them. In excessive circumstances, you are able to do surgical procedure on the vine by eradicating the larva and injecting the wound with Bt. Then, wrap the uncovered space.


‘Lemon’ cucumber crops have low illness resistance, so that they’re prone to many ailments. Listed below are a number of the commonest ailments to search for, in addition to methods you’ll be able to stop them.

Downy Mildew

Green cucumber leaves displaying yellow spots, indicative of downy mildew infection.
Stop this by preserving leaves dry by means of avoiding overhead irrigation.

This illness is brought on by a fungal-like organism generally known as a water mildew. It’s extra more likely to happen and develop throughout cool and damp durations. Small, yellow patches on the higher floor of leaves are sometimes the primary signal of downy mildew. Because the illness progresses, the yellowing spreads, but it surely’s contained by leaf veins. The undersides of the leaves turn out to be mildew-covered.

The easiest way to stop downy mildew is by preserving the leaves as dry as doable. This implies avoiding overhead irrigation and inspiring correct airflow. In case you discover the illness happens 12 months after 12 months in your backyard, contemplate selecting a resistant selection or don’t plant prone crops in that space.

Powdery Mildew

Cucumber leaves display powdery mildew, characterized by white fungal patches, affecting their green surfaces.
Cut back powdery mildew on ‘Lemon’ cucumbers by watering on the base.

In case you discover white spots in your cucumber leaves, you’re seemingly battling powdery mildew. This fungal illness generally pops up in gardens and clocks cucumbers in a substance that resembles flour. Finally, contaminated leaves flip yellow or brown after which die.

Powdery mildew is almost definitely to happen throughout heat and humid situations. Whilst you can’t totally stop this illness from infecting ‘Lemon’ cucumbers, some cultural practices lower the probability of the illness occurring. Water your plant close to its base to maintain the leaves dry. Make the most of correct plant spacing and preserve weeds in verify to encourage airflow.

In case you spot powdery mildew on one or two leaves, you’ll be able to prune off and get rid of the leaves. Nevertheless, if the complete plant turns into contaminated, it would finally succumb to the illness. Use the identical prevention strategies you’d for downy mildew on this case.


Cucumber leaves showing anthracnose infection, characterized by scattered pale yellow spots and irregular holes.
Guarantee crops are adequately spaced for airflow to keep away from anthracnose.

This fungal illness can have an effect on ‘Lemon’ cucumber leaves, vines, and fruits. It causes irregularly-shaped brown spots on leaves and vines in addition to brown spots on the fruits. The spots on contaminated fruits typically seem water soaked and lead the complete fruit to rot. The illness is almost definitely to happen throughout heat and moist situations.

Rotating crops and preserving the foliage dry can assist stop the onset and unfold of anthracnose. Be certain that to keep away from overhead watering with a sprinkler or hose, and house the crops far sufficient aside to encourage enough airflow.

Bacterial Wilt

A cucumber plant under sunlight, its leaves wilt from bacterial infection, affecting its overall health and growth.
Stopping bacterial wilt in crops includes eradicating cucumber beetles promptly.

Bacterial wilt is brought on by Erwinia tracheiphila and unfold by cucumber beetles that feed on cucumber crops. The micro organism causes the leaves to dramatically wilt, even when the crops are nicely watered. The wilting typically begins throughout the day with crops that bounce again in a single day. Finally, massive sections of the plant stay wilted in a single day.

As soon as crops are contaminated, there’s no remedy. Which means the easiest way to cope with this illness is to stop it. Take away cucumber beetles once you see them in your backyard, and take away crops contaminated with bacterial wilt. In case you proceed to cope with the illness 12 months after 12 months, contemplate planting a cucumber selection proof against bacterial wilt.

Ceaselessly Requested Questions

‘Lemon’ cucumbers don’t style like tangy lemons. As an alternative, they get their title from the spherical, yellow fruits they produce.

Relying on the place you reside, you’ll be able to plant ‘Lemon’ cucumbers in April, Could, June, and/or July.

‘Lemon’ cucumbers don’t have a formidable disease-resistance bundle. If you wish to develop cucumbers which are proof against powdery mildew, downy mildew, and different ailments, try different cucumber varieties.

Closing Ideas

In case you’re wanting so as to add a singular cucumber selection to your backyard, the ‘Lemon’ cucumber is a superb selection. The distinctive fruits will brighten up your kitchen and provide you with one thing new to sit up for.

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