Learn how to Develop Philodendron Micans


Philodendron hederaceum var. hederaceum

I’ve lived with my philodendron micans for a few years, and to today, each time I stroll by it, I do a double-take or simply stare upon it lovingly.

The center-shaped leaves are gorgeous on their very own as anybody with a heartleaf philodendron is aware of, however the bronzey-pink hue actually makes micans stand out.

That’s sufficient to make it additional particular, however the leaves even have a velvety texture with an iridescence that sparkles within the gentle. It’s inconceivable to disregard.

A close up vertical image of a philodendron micans plant growing up a moss pole in a decorative pot indoors. To the center and bottom of the frame is green and white printed text.

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I’m not the one one who has fallen in love with this vining plant. The Royal Horticultural Society gave philodendron micans its coveted Award of Backyard Benefit in 1993.

If any plant deserves this honor, in my view, it’s this one. I am keen on it not solely as a result of it’s so good trying, nevertheless it’s additionally a kind of houseplants that wants hardly any care.

Earlier than leaping in, you may wish to take a look at our philodendron rising information for an outline of the species usually.

On this information, we’ll deal with easy methods to preserve your micans as completely satisfied as will be.

Right here’s what I’ll cowl:

It helps to know just a little bit about the place a plant got here from to higher perceive easy methods to take care of it, so let’s begin with that:

Cultivation and Historical past

Philodendron hederaceum (syn. P. scandens) consists of a number of heart-shaped cultivars and varieties, nevertheless it’s particularly the botanical selection hederaceum that’s bought beneath the title “micans.”

A close up vertical image of a single philodendron micans leaf pictured on a soft focus background.

Velvet leaf philodendron, as additionally it is identified, was previously categorised as P. micans, nevertheless it’s not acknowledged as a separate species however a naturally-occurring variation of P. hederaceum.

A member of the Araceae household, philodendron micans is a part of the group of crops often called aroids.

Of their native Central and South America, these crops are secondary epiphytes or hemi-epiphytes that use different timber and shrubs as a assist construction to achieve gentle, water, and vitamins.

When the brand new leaves first emerge from their sheaths, they’re pinkish-red in coloration. Because the leaves age, they flip deep inexperienced or greenish-bronze, relying on the sunshine publicity.

Most philodendrons grown as houseplants retain their immature leaves, but when the foliage is ready to totally mature, micans leaves can attain as much as eight inches throughout with distinct veins and a real coronary heart form, often called cordate.

A close up horizontal image of two leaves, the one on the left is a micans and the one on the right a heartleaf philodendron.
Micans on the left, heartleaf philodendron on the suitable. Photograph by Kristine Lofgren.

Philodendron micans appears to be like related in form to the species, with the large distinction being the colour of the foliage.

Outdoor, philodendron micans can develop as much as 20 toes lengthy and 10 toes large and can kind spathes of white flowers. Indoors, whereas they’ll develop simply as massive if supplied with the suitable gentle publicity, they not often bloom.

The plant incorporates calcium oxalate crystals, which will be irritating to the pores and skin and mucous membranes, so I wouldn’t advocate making a heaping salad of the leaves, however philodendron micans isn’t thought of notably poisonous.

Philodendron Micans Propagation

At one level, I had over a dozen philodendron micans specimens hanging out round my home.

As I already talked about, I am keen on them, however that’s not why I had so many. I used to have a cute little mini vase rack that I favored to maintain filled with cuttings as a show in my kitchen.

The philodendron micans cuttings rooted so readily, and I simply couldn’t carry myself to toss out the younger crops, so I potted them up once they obtained too large for the show. I ended up giving them away as presents lest I run out of house!

All that’s to say which you could propagate these crops simply. You possibly can select to purchase a plant, divide an present specimen, or take cuttings.

From Division

To divide a vining philodendron like micans, it will need to have at the least 4 stems popping out of the soil.

They develop a number of stems fairly quickly, so a plant that may be a few years outdated is prone to be prepared for dividing.

A close up horizontal image of a philodendron micans in a hanging pot.

Take away the plant from its container and gently brush away the soil so you’ll be able to see the roots. Loosen up the roots a bit so you’ll be able to see the place there may be some pure separation.

The scale of the division doesn’t matter as long as you’ll be able to receive two stems and a bit of root.

Gently tease aside a number of stems with roots hooked up. If the roots are too tangled, you should use a clear pair of scissors to separate them.

Put one part again within the authentic container and pot up the opposite part or sections into their very own containers. Fill round with contemporary new soil and add sufficient water in order that it begins to expire of the drainage gap.

From Cuttings

Prepared for one of many best propagation jobs on the market? Take a wholesome piece of stem that’s about six inches lengthy and minimize it off just under a leaf.

The stem wants at the least two leaves on it. It’s not the leaves which might be necessary, however the nodes, as that’s the place the roots will emerge.

Pull off all however the high leaf or two so there may be at the least one naked leaf node and dip the minimize finish in rooting hormone.

A close up of a bottle of Bonide Bontone II Rooting Powder isolated on a white background.

Bonide Bontone II Rooting Powder

You possibly can choose up a 1.25-ounce container at Arbico Organics, and it’ll final you thru loads of propagation tasks.

Fill a four-inch pot with water-retentive, wealthy potting medium. Moisten the potting medium after which make a small gap in it together with your pinky finger, a chopstick, or a pencil.

Stick the stem into the potting medium in order that it’s an inch or so deep, and agency the soil up round it. Tent a chunk of plastic over the reducing to assist retain humidity.

Philodendron micans cuttings will develop greatest when they’re uncovered to a bit extra gentle than most houseplant species would sometimes require.

Present direct gentle within the morning and early afternoon, and vibrant, oblique gentle for the remainder of the day. Alternatively you’ll be able to use a develop gentle.

After a number of weeks, wiggle your fingers into the soil and beneath the reducing. Gently raise it up and search for roots.

In case you see roots, your reducing is able to be transplanted into its everlasting container. In case you don’t see any roots, go forward and agency it again within the soil and provides it extra time.

You can even place the cuttings into water fairly than soil.

Plant Propagation Show

You need to use a daily glass however if you happen to desire to show the cuttings that you simply’re propagating, take a look at this set of 5 propagation jars, full with wood stand from Mkono, accessible by way of Amazon.

Maintain the cuttings in vibrant gentle and alter the water each different day. When the roots are an inch or so lengthy, you’ll be able to transplant.

Transplanting

In case you purchase a specimen, you’ll be able to depart it within the authentic container for a number of months or repot it right into a barely bigger container immediately if you happen to desire.

While you’re able to repot, choose a container one measurement up from the present pot. The container ought to have drainage in order that extra water can run out.

Gently take away the plant from its container.

Loosen up the foundation ball just a little and snip away any black or mushy roots.

Fill in round with contemporary potting soil, then agency the soil down gently and water. If the soil settles, add a bit extra.

Learn how to Develop Philodendron Micans

Philodendron micans requires quantity of sunshine to develop the bronzy coloration and velvety iridescent impact on the foliage.

A close up horizontal image of a single philodendron micans leaf pictured on a soft focus background.
Photograph by Kristine Lofgren.

An space with direct morning gentle however shielded from direct afternoon gentle is good, or a spot with vibrant, oblique gentle with a southern publicity would work, as properly.

It is best to present the plant with brighter gentle to encourage the bronze coloring. In case you desire the inexperienced hue, intention for much less gentle.

If the plant begins to develop lengthy and leggy, it’s a positive indication that it isn’t receiving sufficient gentle.

A close up of a philodendron micans leaf in bright sunshine.
Photograph by Kristine Lofgren.

These crops love a moss pole to climb up or you’ll be able to enable your micans to be totally trailing. Keep in mind, they normally climb onto one other plant in nature.

On the subject of watering, philodendron micans likes the potting medium to stay persistently moist however not soggy and moist.

One of the best tip I can provide you is not to water on a schedule. The quantity of water a houseplant wants will range always relying on the sunshine, temperature, ambient humidity, and different environmental components.

A close up horizontal image of a hand from the bottom of the frame holding up a potted velvet-leaf philodendron plant.

You may water as soon as per week through the summer season and as soon as each different week through the winter.

It’s higher to verify the soil each time earlier than you water. You may finally be capable of inform simply by lifting the pot and testing the load, however till then, simply stick a finger into the soil.

It ought to be dry a couple of quarter to midway down into the pot. In case you don’t wish to soiled your finger, you’ll be able to all the time use a soil moisture meter as a substitute.

While you water, be certain that to take action on the soil stage and preserve going till the liquid runs out of the drainage gap. You probably have a catchment container, empty it after about half an hour.

Talking of soil, select one thing unfastened and wealthy, with water-retentive properties. Moss, perlite, and vermiculite are each widespread water-retentive elements.

My favourite soil for houseplants is FoxFarm Ocean Forest.

It incorporates earthworm castings, bat guano, fish meal, humus, sandy loam, and sphagnum moss mixed to create a medium that each one my crops appear to like.

FoxFarm Ocean Forest

It’s accessible in a single and a half cubic foot baggage by way of Amazon.

Don’t expose your plant to temperatures beneath 55°F or above 90°F. Ideally, you wish to situate it in an space that stays between 65 to 80°F.

In case you see darkish brown blotches between the leaf veins, this means the plant was uncovered to temperatures which might be too low.

A close up horizontal image of a philodendron micans leaf pictured in bright sunshine pictured on a soft focus background.
Photograph by Kristine Lofgren.

This may occur through the winter in case your plant is located close to a window or exterior door.

Philodendron micans will adapt to simply about any humidity stage, although it might develop brown leaf ideas in very dry areas. Purpose for humidity between 40 to 60 p.c.

Feed your crops as soon as a month from spring till fall, however maintain off through the winter. Use a balanced, delicate fertilizer. It’s normally best to search for one formulated for houseplants.

Dr. Earth’s Pump and Develop for houseplants is straightforward to make use of due to its pump. It additionally has a wonderfully balanced and delicate NPK ratio of 1-1-1.

A close up of a bottle of Dr Earth Pump and Grow isolated on a white background.

Dr. Earth Pump & Develop

You possibly can seize a 16-ounce container at Arbico Organics.

Overfeeding will consequence within the leaves curling on the finish. Underfeeding could cause v-shaped yellow areas to kind on the leaves, which signifies magnesium deficiency.

Rising Ideas

  • Maintain your crops in vibrant, oblique gentle or some direct morning publicity.
  • Water when the highest quarter of the soil has dried out.
  • Feed as soon as a month, spring via fall, with a gentle, balanced meals.

Pruning and Upkeep

You don’t need to prune philodendrons, however you’ll be able to all the time minimize them again to encourage bushier progress or to take away straggly vines.

Vegetation grown in too little gentle are inclined to turn into leggy, with lengthy internodes, which is the realm between the leaves.

A close up vertical image of a potted velvet-leaf philodendron trailing over the side of the container on a balcony.

It is best to all the time prune off any dying, diseased, deformed, or discolored leaves or stems as you discover them.

While you determine to prune, go to our information to be taught every thing it’s essential to know in regards to the course of.

Each few years, you’ll doubtless must both divide or repot the plant into a bigger container. Don’t go too massive, although. Philodendrons, as with most aroids, wish to have their roots a bit cosy.

In contrast to self-heading or non-climbing species, climbing philodendrons like micans don’t essentially want to be divided, nevertheless it’s an possibility if you wish to multiply your crops otherwise you don’t wish to enhance the pot measurement.

The place to Purchase Philodendron Micans

Just a few years in the past, it was laborious to seek out philodendron micans at shops. Now, you could find them far and wide.

A close up of a small philodendron micans in a four inch pot held up by a human hand.

Philodendron Micans

Yow will discover a cute little plant in a four-inch pot accessible by way of Walmart.

In case you desire one thing a bit larger, you’ll be able to seize a extra established plant in an eight-inch pot from California Tropicals by way of Amazon.

By the way in which, in your search, you’ll most likely come throughout philodendron micans crops with pink foliage. They’re completely gorgeous however I’d advise you to not purchase one.

The pink coloring comes from the hormone ethylene, which growers give to the plant to induce the hue artificially.

As soon as new leaves kind, they’ll emerge of their regular coloration, and the present pink leaves will revert again to inexperienced over time.

Managing Pests and Illness

As long as you assist your crops with the suitable care, it’s unlikely that you simply’ll ever expertise issues.

A close up horizontal image of philodendron micans plants growing in pots at a nursery.

Pests are extra widespread than ailments, however they’re extra prone to assault different houseplant species earlier than they’re going to go on your philodendron micans.

Maybe there’s one thing about these velvety leaves that doesn’t attraction to bugs!

Bugs

All the same old houseplant suspects can have an effect on micans, however if you happen to catch an infestation early, it’s not often an issue.

Let’s begin with public enemy primary:

Aphids

Aphids are a particularly widespread family pest. They’ll feed on philodendron micans, particularly if the plant is already confused.

These tiny pests use their sucking mouthparts to attract out the sap from plant tissue. This can trigger the leaves to show yellow or have yellow speckles.

You’ll additionally typically see a sticky, clear substance on the stems and foliage. That is the honeydew that the aphids secrete as they feed.

It’s pretty straightforward to deal with aphids if you happen to catch them early. You possibly can normally spray them off with a powerful stream of water or use a broad-spectrum insecticide.

Now we have plenty of ideas in our information to coping with aphids, so be sure you learn it if you would like extra particulars.

Mealybugs

Mealybugs are intently associated to scale, which we’ll discuss subsequent, and the remedy is comparable.

These small oval bugs sap the suck out of the crops, transferring so slowly that you simply may not even understand they’re alive. As they drain the plant, the leaves flip yellow and new shoots may die.

These pests are lined in a waxy white or grey substance, which make them form of seem like the signs of a fungal an infection. Like aphids, they secrete a sticky substance known as honeydew.

You possibly can wipe every particular person insect with a cotton swab dipped in isopropyl alcohol. You can even add an insecticide for a double-whammy.

For extra particulars, learn our information to coping with mealybugs.

Scale

Just like mealybugs, scale are flat, oval bugs however they lack the waxy coating. At first glass, an infestation may seem like some kind of lumpy leaf spot illness.

They trigger the identical harm and will be managed the identical approach as mealybugs. We additionally have a information that explains easy methods to tackle a scale infestation.

Illness

Illnesses are uncommon and normally related to overwatering, overcrowding, or poorly draining soil.

Bacterial Blight

Bacterial blight is attributable to Erwinia carotovora pv. carotovora. When it infects your plant, you will note small darkish inexperienced spots which might be virtually black on the foliage and stems.

As they develop, all the leaf and petiole will flip into mush. In case you take a whiff, the plant will scent just like the water in a flower association if you happen to depart it unchanged for per week or two.

The micro organism unfold in water, so good air circulation and avoiding water splash is necessary.

As soon as your plant is contaminated, there’s no treatment, so it’s greatest to toss the specimen fairly than threat the illness spreading.

Bacterial Spot

Bacterial spot is a illness attributable to the pathogen Zanthomonas campestris pv. dieffenbachiae.

Search for tiny spots on the margins of the leaves. They’ll normally look water-soaked, however as they age, they tackle a tan or reddish-brown hue and might need yellow halos.

Most frequently, crops are contaminated on the nursery or greenhouse, and the signs don’t present up till a lot later.

It is best to all the time verify any crops you buy for indicators of illness, however signs gained’t essentially be apparent.

As soon as once more, there’s no treatment, so that you’ll must eliminate the contaminated specimen so the illness doesn’t unfold.

Root Rot

There are two causes of root rot. The primary is continual overwatering which ends up in the roots sitting in oversaturated soil unable to entry enough oxygen.

The opposite trigger is an infection from oomycetes within the Pythium genus, which want plenty of moisture to thrive.

In each instances, the result’s yellowing leaves that can finally flip brown. The leaves sometimes gained’t drop from the plant. In case you have a look at the roots, they are going to be black and mushy.

Root rot is likely one of the most typical issues in houseplants.

I’ve discovered the very best remedy is to take away the plant from the soil, wash out the pot with cleaning soap and water, and repot the plant with contemporary potting soil.

Then, soak the soil as soon as a month with Mycostop, a biofungicide that makes use of the helpful micro organism Streptomyces pressure K61 to kill pathogens like oomycetes.

A close up of the packaging of Mycostop Biofungicide isolated on a white background.

Mycostop Biofungicide

Buy 5 or 25 grams at Arbico Organics.

You possibly can be taught extra about easy methods to take care of root rot in our information.

Finest Makes use of for Philodendron Micans

In case you dwell in Zones 10 to 12, this plant is an attractive floor cowl or trailing possibility for the backyard.

A close up vertical image of a velvet-leaf philodendron micans trailing over the side of a cabinet.

As a houseplant, it’s beautiful climbing up a pole or wall – with assist after all. Put it in a dangling pot or show it trailing down a bookshelf.

Fast Reference Rising Information

Plant Sort: Herbaceous aroid epiphyte or hemi-epiphyte Foliage Colour: Bronze, pink, inexperienced
Native to: Central and South America Tolerance: Some low gentle
Hardiness (USDA Zone): 10-12 Soil Sort: Free, ethereal, humus-rich
Publicity: Brilliant, oblique gentle, morning direct gentle Soil pH: 6.0-7.5
Time to Maturity: 8 years Soil Drainage: Effectively-draining
Size: 20 toes Makes use of: Hanging crops, climber, floor cowl (open air)
Unfold: 10 toes Order: Alismatales
Progress Charge: Quick Household: Araceae
Water Wants: Average Genus: Philodendron
Upkeep: Low Species: Hederaceum
Frequent Pests and Illnesses: Aphids, mealybugs, scale, spider mites; bacterial leaf spot, root rot Selection: Hederaceum

All Hail The Mighty Micans

I might go on raving about how a lot I like philodendron micans, however I’m hoping that you simply’re already a convert after studying this information. It’s actually an attractive but carefree houseplant possibility.

A close up horizontal image of the foliage of a philodendron micans growing up a moss pole indoors.
Photograph by Kristine Lofgren.

How are you rising your philodendron micans? Is it climbing up a moss pole or trailing over the perimeters of a dangling container? Tell us within the feedback part beneath!

And for extra details about rising philodendrons, take a look at these guides subsequent:

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