How you can Plant, Develop, and Look after Calamondin Orange Timber

Within the vivid and vibrant citrus world, few crops have as many favorable traits because the calamondin orange. Its lush inexperienced leaves come out of porch planters and create lush hedges that produce fruit. And oh, the candy and tangy fruits—they’re not only a tasty deal with but additionally applicable for all the things from desserts to salad dressings. And did we point out the crops can tolerate chilly temperatures that zap many different citrus species?

In case you’re nonetheless uncertain about including a calamondin orange to your backyard, I get it. Experimenting with one thing new could be a bit scary! But diving into the unknown is likely one of the enjoyable elements of gardening. Right here is all the data and care suggestions you might want to efficiently domesticate these distinctive citrus fruits.

Calamondin Orange Overview

A calamondin orange plant sits in a pot, its glossy green leaves basking in sunlight. Orange fruits dangle from the branches, adding a burst of color to the verdant foliage, promising citrusy freshness and decorative charm.

Plant Sort

Evergreen shrub


Citrus x microcarpa

Native Space

Southeast Asia

Watering Necessities


Pests and Illnesses

Aphids, spider mites, mealybugs, scale, leaf mottling, and citrus canker

Soil Sort

Coarse and well-draining

Hardiness Zone

10-11 outdoor

What Is a Calamondin Orange?

The calamondin orange, often known as calamansi or Philippine lime, is a hybrid citrus plant that’s a cross between a kumquat and a Mandarin orange. Plant scientists as soon as thought the calamondin orange was a singular species (Citrus mitis), however they later decided it was a hybrid. Its scientific identify modified through the years, however it’s principally referred to as Citrus x microcarpa.

Native Vary

Green calamondin orange leaves gracefully frame clusters of ripe fruits, their glossy surfaces glistening under gentle illumination. Bathed in soft, diffused light, the lush foliage and citrus gems create a captivating sight.
The calamansi fruit is believed to have originated within the Philippines and elements of Southeast Asia.

Scientists assume the plant emerged within the Philippines and elements of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. Now you can discover it rising all through Southeast Asia and some different parts of the world. The Philippines is the most important producer of calamansi fruit.


A close-up showcases the branches of a calamondin orange plant, adorned with lush, green ovate leaves. Amidst the verdant backdrop, ripe fruits dangle enticingly, hinting at the plant's bountiful harvest and natural vitality.
These distinctive citrus bushes characteristic woody stems, shiny leaves, and aromatic flowers.

It doesn’t matter what you name it, the calamondin orange is versatile within the backyard and kitchen. Like many fruit bushes, the plant’s mature peak will depend on the rootstock. Wild crops can develop as much as twenty toes tall, however dwarf varieties stay below 5 toes. 

All plant sizes have a woody stem that offers method to pliable branches. These branches are coated with shiny, darkish inexperienced, evergreen leaves. The leaves have an ovular form with rounded suggestions, making them stand out from the extra pointed leaves of lemons and limes.

Calamondin orange crops produce flowers all year long, however spring is the primary flowering season. The small white flowers have 5 petals and emit a horny perfume. Upon profitable pollination, these flowers flip into fruits that finally develop one to a few inches large. All fruits begin out inexperienced, and the mature shade ranges from orange to yellow to inexperienced. Some varieties additionally sport variegated fruits.

If you lower into calamondin oranges, you’ll see juicy flesh that resembles different citrus fruits. The flavour is extra tart than candy, with hints of lemon, lime, orange, grapefruit, and ardour fruit. Every plant produces unique-tasting fruits, so that you gained’t know what a calamondin orange tastes like till you strive it.


Rising calamondin oranges from seed isn’t essentially the most dependable planting methodology, so buying a potted plant is one of the simplest ways so as to add one among these bushes to your private home. Though it’s usually troublesome to seek out the crops in native nurseries, you should buy them on-line. I like to recommend ordering your crops within the spring by means of fall since chilly winter temperatures can injury the crops throughout delivery.

Earlier than you select a plant, make sure you analysis the cultivar. As I discussed above, some calamondin oranges stay sufficiently small for planters, however others develop into small bushes. Take note of the rootstock and select one which matches your wants.

Rising in Pots

A calamondin orange plant nestled snugly within a striking orange pot, its foliage adding a touch of greenery to the space. The plant is adorned with a mix of both ripe and unripe calamondin oranges.
Cultivating in small containers is helpful for chilly areas.

Since some calamondin oranges stay small and compact, you may develop them in pots. Rising containers is particularly helpful in chilly areas because it means that you can convey the crops indoors in the course of the winter.

Select a container that’s two to 5 gallons and guarantee it has drainage holes on the underside. The fabric isn’t essential, however a light-weight pot is simpler to maneuver than a glazed ceramic planter.

After you have a container, fill the underside few inches with a citrus-specific potting soil combine. Take away your plant’s root ball from the unique container, place it into the brand new container, then fill any remaining house with extra potting combine. Water effectively and let the tree alter to its new house.

Rising within the Floor

A calamondin orange plant thrives in a garden, boasting green leaves and ripe, orange fruits swaying gently. As the afternoon progresses, sunlight filters through the foliage, highlighting the plant's natural beauty.
You’ll be able to efficiently develop citrus crops outdoor in zones 10 and hotter.

Whereas many individuals select to develop these citrus crops in pots, you may efficiently develop them outdoor within the floor in zones 10 and hotter. Earlier than you plant your tree within the floor, ensure you’ve recognized a correct web site. Keep away from shaded areas or wherever with compacted, moist soil.

Spring is the most effective time to plant calamondin oranges. When you’ve discovered an appropriate location, dig a gap just a few inches bigger than the plant’s root ball. Place the foundation ball within the floor and canopy with soil.

How you can Develop

Calamondin orange bushes are reasonably straightforward to look after if you happen to present the next circumstances.


A close-up captures lush green leaves and a calamondin orange illuminated by the sun's warm rays. The intricate veins of the leaves stand out, while the oranges gleam with a tantalizing mix of orange and green hues.
For wholesome calamansi progress, present a minimum of six hours of direct every day gentle.

Calamansi require a minimum of six hours of direct every day gentle to stay wholesome. They thrive in areas with direct solar all through the day. Whereas they’ll survive with much less gentle, they’ll expertise gradual progress and a scarcity of flowers.

In case you’ve planted your calamansi outdoor, select a location with full solar or partial shade. Place potted indoor crops in a brightly lit room close to a south-facing window. If your own home doesn’t have a vivid location, make the most of a develop gentle to produce supplemental lighting.


A close-up reveals calamondin oranges nestled amidst lush green leaves, forming a striking contrast of colors. Tiny water droplets delicately adorn both the fruits and foliage, adding a refreshing and invigorating touch to the scene.
In summer time, water calamondin oranges about as soon as per week,.

Calamondin oranges choose soil that’s moist however not moist. The crops’ water wants rely on the temperature, soil sort, and humidity, so inspecting soil moisture is one of the simplest ways to inform in case your plant wants a drink. If the highest two to a few inches of soil is dry, totally soak the soil or potting combine.

Throughout the summer time, count on to water your crops about as soon as per week. Potted crops require water extra usually than crops rising within the floor since evaporation happens extra quickly.


A rich, dark soil teeming with nutrients, ready for planting and nurturing life. Rich in organic matter, this soil provides a nurturing environment for vibrant growth and thriving ecosystems.
For optimum progress, plant in coarse, well-draining, barely acidic soil.

Like most citrus crops, calamondin oranges choose a rough, well-draining, barely acidic soil. In case you’re rising your crops in a pot, select a soil combine designed for citrus crops. You may as well create your personal potting combine by combining:

  • 5 elements pine bark fines
  • One half perlite
  • One half peat moss or coco coir
  • One half completed compost

Earlier than you plant a calamansi plant within the floor, make sure the soil is well-draining and well-aerated. Sandy areas are finest, however you can too enhance the soil in different areas by loosening it with a broad fork and including just a few cups of completed compost.

Temperature and Humidity

A cluster of calamondin orange branches displays vibrant foliage, featuring delicate leaves and tiny green, unripe fruits. In the background, a row of black potted plants adds depth, their outlines softened by a gentle blur.
Chilly-hardy calamondin crops can face up to temperatures as little as 20°F (-7°C).

Calamondin crops are extra cold-hardy than different citrus crops however they may die in deep freezes. Crops will stay undamaged if temperatures drop to 30°F (-1°C) and can survive temperatures as little as 20°F (-7°C).

In case you reside in zone 9 or colder, you may nonetheless develop calamondin oranges. Simply plant them in containers and transfer them indoors when winter arrives.

Though these crops can tolerate chilly temperatures, they flourish in heat environments. Goal to maintain the crops someplace between 70-90°F (21-32°C) in the course of the rising season. They aren’t choosy about humidity however don’t thrive in extraordinarily dry air.


A hand carefully sprinkles fertilizer granules onto the dark, rich soil in a large gray pot, preparing it for growth. Inside the pot, a flourishing calamondin plant finds a snug home, poised to thrive amidst nourishment and care.
Use citrus-specific fertilizers to advertise optimum progress and fruit manufacturing.

Calamondin orange bushes require common doses of fertilizers to develop, battle off illness, and produce an abundance of flowers and fruits. The best manner to make sure your plant receives the vitamins it wants is to decide on a fertilizer designed for citrus crops. These fertilizers comprise the optimum mix of vitamins to help calamondin orange crops.

Citrus fertilizers are available in spikes, granules, and liquid varieties. Any of those choices work effectively if you happen to apply them following product directions. A great rule of thumb is to separate up the really useful annual dose into three purposes. Apply one in January, the second in April, and the third in June. Keep away from fertilizing within the late summer time and fall since this may result in low fruit high quality and ripening issues.


A calamondin plant showcases its lush green leaves, creating a lively and thriving display of nature. Among the foliage, clusters of calamondin fruits, some ripe and others still green, promise citrusy flavors in the future harvest.
Gentle pruning throughout late winter promotes wholesome progress.

Calamondin orange bushes develop effectively with little upkeep, however common gentle pruning helps preserve them wholesome. Throughout the late winter, take away any useless, diseased, and criss-crossing branches from the cover. Prune off any sprouts that come out from the bottom of the trunk.

Different upkeep consists of optionally available mulching. Mulching the floor of your soil or planter with wooden chips, straw, or pine bark helps restrict evaporation and lure moisture.


If you wish to develop a calamansi plant at house, begin with mature seeds or cuttings. Calamansi seeds are polyembryonic, so every seed can produce a couple of seedling. Nonetheless, for the reason that seeds are gradual to develop into mature crops, house gardeners usually propagate these crops from cuttings.

When you get hold of a wholesome chopping, you may propagate it by rooting the chopping or grafting it onto a wholesome rootstock. Since grafting requires superior abilities and an appropriate rootstock, rooting cuttings is the best propagation methodology for house growers. To propagate your plant through this methodology, observe the steps listed under.

1. Acquire and Put together a Slicing

A close-up of slender calamondin branches gracefully showcase unripe fruits and verdant leaves, adding a touch of freshness to the scene. The blurred background softly highlights a backdrop of lush, green foliage, creating a serene and inviting atmosphere.
To propagate a wholesome calamondin orange plant, lower an eight-inch stem under a leaf node.

Begin with a wholesome calamondin orange plant that’s a minimum of two years previous. Search for a wholesome stem that’s a minimum of eight inches lengthy. Use a pointy and sanitized pair of pruning shears to chop the stem proper under a leaf node. A node is the place the stem intersects with the central trunk. The chopping ought to be six to eight inches lengthy. Take away the leaves from the decrease half of the stem.

2. Apply Rooting Hormone

A pair of hands skillfully wields a knife to trim a stem from a calamondin orange plant, illustrating delicate precision. Surrounding the action, brown pots cradle rich, dark soil, nurturing clusters of promising calamondin seedlings.
Utilizing rooting hormone on the chopping’s lower finish considerably boosts root improvement chance.

Dip the lower finish of the chopping into the rooting hormone. Whereas this step is optionally available, it’ll enormously improve the possibility of root formation.

3. Set the Slicing in a Appropriate Container

A cluster of petite, earth-toned pots sit filled with rich, dark soil, each cradling tender calamondin seedlings. The brown containers, arranged closely, foster the growth of the young citrus plants, promising future blooms.
Choose a container with correct depth and fill it with well-draining materials.

Select a container that’s 4 to eight inches deep, then fill it with a well-draining materials. Some appropriate choices embody perlite, coco coir, peat moss, or a unfastened potting combine. Use a pencil or chopstick to poke a gap within the materials, then insert the chopping into the outlet. Nudge the fabric across the sides of the chopping till it’s held securely in place.

4. Place in a Heat and Humid Setting

A close-up reveals the delicate white buds of calamondin flowers, each poised to blossom in pristine beauty. Surrounding them, verdant leaves form a lush backdrop, their vibrant green hues enhancing the purity of the budding flowers.
For profitable propagation, preserve cuttings moist in a heat, humid setting with oblique gentle.

Water the fabric till it’s moist, then set the cuttings in a heat, humid space between 70-80°F (21-27°C). If your own home or greenhouse is dry, cowl the cuttings with a plastic bag or glass container to lure moisture and improve the humidity. Guarantee the fabric isn’t touching the tops of the cuttings. Set the chopping in an space with oblique gentle.

5. Wait Till Roots Type

A gardener, dressed in black gloves, carefully tends to a calamondin plant in a room. With precision, he pours nutrient-rich dark soil from a black trowel, adorned with a wooden handle, into a gray pot, nurturing the thriving greenery.
Keep moist soil till roots type inside just a few weeks.

Preserve the fabric moist however not moist whereas the cuttings type roots. Below the correct circumstances, roots emerge inside just a few weeks. As soon as the roots are an inch lengthy, repot them into bigger containers.

Harvesting and Storage

 A close-up of unripe calamondin fruits, showcasing their vivid green hue. Delicate leaves gracefully encircle the fruit, adding a touch of natural elegance to the composition and emphasizing the freshness of the citrus harvest.
Calamansi bushes have year-round flowering, with the primary harvest in late fall and winter.

Since calamansi crops flower all year long, the fruits mature at completely different occasions. Nonetheless, the primary harvest happens within the late fall and winter.

Colour is one of the simplest ways to find out if a calamondin orange is ripe. Many types produce orange fruits, however mature fruits could sport yellow and inexperienced stripes. As soon as your fruits flip their mature shade, harvest them by gently plucking them off the tree. You may as well harvest unripe calamondin oranges, however their taste might be tarter than ripe fruit.

Retailer the fruits within the fridge for as much as three weeks. In case you plan to make use of the fruits for juice, you may juice all of them without delay after which retailer the juice in an hermetic jar. The juice will last as long as two weeks within the fridge and as much as six months within the freezer.

At room temperature, oranges ought to final a minimum of just a few days.

Widespread Issues

Calamondin oranges face lots of the similar issues as different citrus crops. Some issues come up from improper setting and care, and others are simply pure occurrences. In case you develop one among these crops at house, look ahead to the next issues.

Lack of Flowers

Calamondin leaves displaying a rich palette of green and pale yellow hues, creating a visually captivating scene. In the blurred background, a black pot provides a nurturing environment for the thriving calamondin plant.
Inadequate gentle, extreme nitrogen fertilizer, and immaturity can hinder flowering.

In case you discover your plant appears to be like wholesome however isn’t producing any flowers, just a few elements may very well be in charge. First, guarantee your crops obtain a minimum of six hours of direct gentle every day. A scarcity of sunshine results in a scarcity of vitality, stopping the crops from producing flowers.

Second, make sure you’re not over-applying nitrogen fertilizer. An excessive amount of nitrogen could result in explosive vegetative progress however no flowers.

Lastly, guarantee your plant is mature sufficient to provide flowers. Crops gained’t produce flowers throughout their first few years of progress, so don’t count on new seedlings to flower.

Yellow Leaves

A close-up of calamondin leaves glistening in the sunlight. Among them, certain leaves catch the eye with a subtle yellow tint, hinting at a potential concern or issue affecting the plant's health.
The yellow leaves on crops could point out numerous points, equivalent to soil moisture imbalance or nutrient deficiencies.

In case you discover your plant’s leaves altering from inexperienced to yellow, you realize one thing is awry. Nonetheless, it may be difficult to find out precisely what’s incorrect. The reality is that there’s a lengthy checklist of doable causes of yellow leaves.

First, examine the soil moisture. Each under-watering and over-watering can forestall crops from acquiring the water and vitamins they should stay wholesome. In terms of under-watering, the soil merely lacks moisture. Over-watering can result in rotten plant roots that battle to take up moisture. Bear in mind to water your plant about as soon as per week or when the highest two to a few inches of soil is dry.

Subsequent, be aware of any sudden environmental modifications. Shifting your plant between the indoors and outdoor can result in stress and momentary yellow leaves. Slowly acclimating your plant to a brand new setting helps restrict stress.

Lastly, make sure you’re giving your plant the right quantity of vitamins. Too little and too many vitamins can each result in issues, together with yellow leaves, so observe fertilizer software instructions.

Sap-Sucking Pests and Illnesses

A close-up reveals a green calamondin branch adorned with yellow fruit and a delicate white flower. Perched on the stem is a solitary mealybug, distinguished by its white, powdery exoskeleton.
Pests equivalent to aphids, thrips, and spider mites can weaken crops.

Tiny pests like aphids, scale, and spider mites usually seem on calamondin orange leaves and in node crevices. These tiny critters pierce plant leaves and suck out their sap. A number of of those pests aren’t an enormous concern, however large outbreaks can weaken crops. In case you discover these pests in your plant, wipe them off with a soapy rag or spray them with neem oil or insecticidal cleaning soap. 

Leaf mottling and citrus canker are two associated signs of illness attributable to the identical bacterial pathogen. This bacterium causes lesions on leaves and fruit, in addition to cankers that ooze orange within the branching nodes. As a result of that is such a debilitating and communicable illness, it’s best to contact your extension workplace. They may advise you of the most effective plan of action to take, which may generally imply removing of the tree.

Steadily Requested Questions

Some calamondin oranges are candy sufficient to take pleasure in contemporary, however many fruits are too tart to take pleasure in uncooked. Attempt utilizing this tart juice in cocktails, syrups, marinades, and jams.

Individuals additionally confer with calamondin oranges as calamansi, Philippine lime, Philippine lemon, and kalamansi.

Sure! Calamondin oranges develop effectively in pots. Planting these citrus in containers means that you can develop them indoors in colder climates.

Closing Ideas

In case you’re on the lookout for a singular citrus to develop at house, the calamondin orange is a good selection. Bear in mind to develop them in well-draining soil, present a minimum of six hours of direct solar, and fertilize commonly.

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