How one can Put together the Floor for Raised Beds in 7 Steps

Possibly you’ve simply purchased a brand-new raised mattress and may’t wait to begin planting. Or maybe you’ve moved to a brand new property and are occupied with how you can lay out your backyard beds. Irrespective of the case, establishing a raised mattress isn’t at all times so simple as inserting it on the bottom and filling it with the right materials.

Like with most issues within the backyard, somewhat bit of additional work up entrance helps you save time and frustration sooner or later. Making ready your floor earlier than organising your beds helps restrict weeds, forestall erosion, and maintain every little thing neat and tidy.

I’m going to share seven steps that may assist make your floor prepared in your backyard beds. When you might not have to finish all of those steps, learn by all the checklist and see which of them apply to your scenario.

Decide the Quantity and Dimension You Want

Two wooden beds filled with rich, dark soil, awaiting seeds and plants for a flourishing garden.
Contemplate the long run quantity and dimension when planning your backyard structure.

You will discover raised beds in nearly each size, width, and peak, so take into consideration which dimension works properly for you and your backyard. When you could also be tempted to go along with one massive mattress reasonably than a couple of smaller beds, do not forget that you’ll want to have the ability to attain all elements of your beds to plant, weed, water, and harvest your crops. Most individuals discover a mattress ought to be no wider than 4 toes to ensure you attain each side of the mattress. Should you’re inserting one facet of your mattress towards a wall or different construction, maintain it beneath three toes huge.

Together with figuring out the dimensions, take into consideration the quantity you’d like to put in. Should you plan on including extra in a 12 months or two, think about what dimension they’ll be and the place they’ll go.

Lay Out Your Beds and Pathways

Step one in making ready the bottom is establishing a correct structure. Taking time to measure the areas of your beds and pathways will prevent complications throughout the set up course of and guarantee you could have loads of area to maneuver round your beds.

Contemplate the next elements when planning the place to position your raised mattress.


Healthy green plants arranged neatly, illuminated by warm sunlight.
Place your backyard the place vegetation get a minimum of eight hours of direct daylight every day.

Most greens, herbs, and minimize flowers develop greatest in full solar, so place your raised beds in a location that receives a minimum of eight hours of direct mild every day. It’s okay if the world receives a couple of hours of solar within the morning or night, however keep away from places with full shade.

Pathway Width

garden brimming with a variety of lush green plants, creating a vibrant garden scene.
Contemplate the optimum pathway width for snug strolling entry.

Should you’re inserting a number of raised beds subsequent to one another, take into consideration the best pathway width. When you might need to maintain the pathways small to avoid wasting area, take into consideration how a lot area you’ll must comfortably stroll and crouch between the beds.

You also needs to be sure the paths are huge sufficient to accommodate instruments like wheelbarrows and harvest carts. Whereas there isn’t one good pathway width, many gardeners discover a two-foot or three-foot path works properly.

YouTube video


garden beds with dark, nutrient-rich soil positioned neatly beside a sturdy fence.
Guarantee quick access by avoiding beds subsequent to partitions.

There’s nothing improper with inserting a raised mattress subsequent to a wall or fence, however be sure these constructions received’t forestall you from accessing your backyard mattress. Should you plan on inserting the mattress subsequent to an impediment, think about a narrower mattress.


A cozy backyard garden filled with lush leafy vegetables, perfect for relaxation and fresh harvests.
Poorly draining and low-lying backyard areas can result in untimely decay.

When you can alter soil drainage to some extent, it’s tough to rework a soggy space of your yard. Putting a raised mattress in a low-lying and poorly draining space can lead wooden beds to decay extra quickly. Plus, it’s no enjoyable standing and dealing in swampy floor.

Water Supply

A close-up of a drip irrigation system with small water droplets visible on the tubing and moist soil underneath.
Use stakes and string that will help you visualize your structure

An simply accessible water supply makes watering your vegetation a breeze. Whether or not you intend to set up a drip irrigation system or water your vegetation with a hose, be sure a spigot is inside attain of your beds. In case your beds are distant from a water supply, you’ll need to haul water in a bucket or watering can, which is each tiring and tedious.

After getting a good suggestion of the place to position your raised mattress, use stakes and string to visually lay out your beds. Whereas this step is non-compulsory, it means that you can see in the event you’ll be pleased with the mattress structure and pathway width.

Survey the Native Soil and Vegetation

A gardener uses a broadfork to aerate soil preparing it for planting vegetables and flowers.
Soil high quality issues extra in shorter beds the place plant roots can attain native soil.

After you’ve decided the dimensions and site in your new backyard, take a look at the setting you’re working with. Gardeners typically suppose their native soil isn’t vital, since they’ll be filling the beds with soil optimum for plant development. Nevertheless, being attentive to the preexistent soil and vegetation remains to be vital.

Should you’re utilizing a tall raised mattress, plant roots are unlikely to succeed in the native soil. Subsequently, the soil texture and nutrient composition aren’t too vital. Nevertheless, in the event you’re putting in a shorter model, many plant roots will ultimately make their method to the native floor. Meaning you need to make sure the soil isn’t extraordinarily compacted or poorly draining.

Should you’re coping with compacted or waterlogged soil, take steps to enhance it earlier than inserting your beds. A digging fork, shovel, or broadfork may help you aerate compacted soil, which can even enhance drainage.

You also needs to study the vegetation within the space. Annual vegetation like henbit and chickweed are simpler to manage than perennial grasses and weeds, so that you received’t need to put an excessive amount of work into eradicating them. Equally, lawns created from grasses with out stolons and rhizomes might be simply managed by a low mow and lightweight tarping.

Nevertheless, in the event you’re coping with invasive vegetation like Bermudagrass, thistle, and vinca, you need to completely take away them earlier than constructing your raised mattress. I’ll cowl removing strategies in additional element under.

Take away Perennial Weeds

Should you’re coping with perennial weeds like bindweed, bermudagrass, and thistle, you need to take away them earlier than set up. Whereas six inches of soil is commonly sufficient to kill annual weeds like chickweed, carpetweed, and lambs quarter, many perennial weeds will proceed to develop by any soil you placed on prime of them.

Subsequently, the most suitable choice is to kill the weeds within the early levels. I like to recommend eradicating the weeds beneath your beds and pathways in addition to these within the surrounding few toes.

There are a number of methods to kill these perennial weeds. The best choice for you relies on the period of time between now and if you need to add your backyard, your out there instruments, and the effort and time you’re keen and capable of decide to the undertaking. Listed below are a couple of alternative ways you possibly can take away perennial weeds.

Smother the Weeds

A row of elevated wooden planters wrapped in dark fabric, ready for gardening.
The weed-killing effectiveness ranges from one to 6 months.

Should you’re not in a rush to get your planters on the bottom, smothering weeds is a superb possibility. It’s a passive methodology, so it’s straightforward in your physique and doesn’t require a lot hands-on time. There are two essential methods you possibly can smother weeds: occultation and solarization. Occultation entails utilizing an opaque materials to chop off mild till weeds and their roots die. Solarization entails utilizing a transparent tarp to lure warmth and prepare dinner the vegetation beneath the tarp.

Relying on the time of 12 months, the fabric you utilize, and the current weeds, it could possibly take wherever from one to 6 months to utterly kill the weeds. No matter which materials you utilize, you need to lay the fabric flat on the bottom and weigh it down properly.

Silage Tarp

A black silage tarp covers the soil, blocking sunlight to prevent weed growth and retain moisture.
Utilizing this with the black facet up accelerates soil heating.

Should you’re severe about gardening, a silage tarp is the most effective tarp to have in your toolbox. These tarps are UV resistant, in order that they received’t break down when uncovered to the solar. They value greater than commonplace black tarps used as moisture limitations, however they maintain up for much longer. Plus, you received’t have to fret about them breaking down into a whole bunch of tiny items of plastic.

Many silage tarps are white on one facet and black on the opposite. Laying the tarp with the black facet up heats the bottom which accelerates weed seed germination and the loss of life of perennial weeds. Should you lay your silage tarp on the bottom throughout the summer time, most weeds will die inside a month.


A narrow wooden raised bed with cardboard covering, nestled amidst green grass, providing a natural and protected environment for growing plants.
Using cardboard as a weed suppressant contributes natural materials to the soil.

Should you don’t need to shell out cash for a silage tarp, you possibly can use items of cardboard to smother weeds. Because the cardboard breaks down, it provides natural matter to the soil, releasing vitamins and feeding microbes.

Nevertheless, cardboard typically breaks down earlier than rhizomatous weeds like bindweed and bermudagrass are useless. Subsequently, cardboard is most helpful in the event you’re coping with straightforward to kill perennial weeds like crabgrass and dandelions.

Take away the Weeds by Hand

A woman in a garden carefully pulls out weeds with her bare hands, focusing on each root to ensure thorough removal.
Efficient weed administration entails utilizing applicable instruments and methods.

If you wish to set up your new beds in your backyard subsequent week, including a tarp or piece of cardboard received’t have a lot influence on aggressive perennial weeds. A faster however extra bodily intensive methodology is eradicating the weeds by hand. Should you use this methodology, deal with the bottom as you’ll in the event you had been about to plant seeds or transplants.

You should utilize a hoe to take away annual weeds and perennial weeds with shallow root programs, however you’ll want to make use of extra intensive strategies on weeds with taproots and rhizomes. I like to recommend utilizing a digging fork to loosen the soil and, due to this fact, the weeds’ roots.

You’ll be able to then take away the rhizomes and roots by hand or with the assistance of a digging software. Attempt to keep away from chopping rhizomes of weeds like Bermuda grass and Johnson grass since this may simply result in extra weeds.

Degree the Floor

A silver rake lies on rich brown soil within an orange square planter.
Guarantee the bottom is as stage as doable.

Putting a raised mattress on sloped floor is tough, so leveling the bottom earlier than setting your mattress makes the method simpler. One of the best instruments for the job rely on the kind of slope you’re coping with. If one facet of the bottom is barely a few inches taller than the opposite, you should use a rake to stage the bottom. Nevertheless, if the bottom under the underside is six or eight inches greater than the bottom under the highest of the mattress, you’ll must seize a shovel to finish the job.

The bottom doesn’t need to be utterly stage, however intention for a floor that’s as stage as doable. Not solely will a stage floor make it straightforward to position and fill the beds, however it is going to additionally enable water to infiltrate the highest of the soil as an alternative of working throughout the mattress.

Make a Plan for Pathway Upkeep

Many gardeners make the error of forgetting about their pathways. I admit that it’s straightforward to concentrate on the veggies and flowers you’ll develop in your raised beds, however unattended pathways can shortly result in weeds, erosion, and different issues. Belief me, I’ve been there!

You’ll be able to select many alternative supplies in your pathways, and one possibility isn’t essentially higher than the opposite. Desirous about materials value, upkeep time, and look may help you select an possibility that works for you.

Listed below are some widespread choices for raised mattress pathways in addition to professionals and cons.

Dwelling Pathways

A close-up of green clover leaves, showcasing a healthy sheen under soft sunlight.
Sustaining vegetation in backyard pathways requires occasional mowing.

Don’t need to take away that lush, inexperienced grass you could have rising between your raised beds? You don’t need to! Dwelling pathways include any sort of plant, however widespread choices embody white clover and ryegrass

By protecting vegetation rising within the pathways, you restrict erosion, enhance water infiltration, and likewise maintain your backyard trying lush. Nevertheless, you’ll need to mow your pathways a minimum of a couple of occasions a season. And in the event you’re not cautious, weeds can take root and outcompete your intentional planting.

Wooden Chips

Wood chips scattered on the ground, providing a natural and rustic surface for garden beds.
Wooden chips natural matter as they decompose.

If you wish to mulch your pathways, wooden chips are a straightforward and inexpensive possibility. You’ll be able to select from a wide range of supplies together with cedar chips, pine bark nuggets, and shredded hardwoods. You might also have the ability to discover free wooden chips by contacting your metropolis’s inexperienced waste division or connecting with an arborist.

When utilized in a thick sufficient layer, wooden chips forestall weeds from rising, defend the soil from erosion, and restrict the quantity of mud in your pathways. As they decompose, they add natural matter to the bottom. You will have to add extra wooden chips yearly to compensate for this decomposition.

Panorama Material

A black landscape fabric stretches across the ground, punctuated by neatly arranged stones lining its borders.
This prevents weeds from rising alongside the perimeters.

Panorama cloth is an inexpensive and long-lasting possibility for weed management, however it’s created from plastic and ultimately must be changed. Should you select so as to add panorama cloth to your pathways, it’s greatest to put the material earlier than you place your raised beds. This prevents weeds from rising within the area between the sting of the panorama cloth and your backyard planters.

Add Your Raised Beds

Mounds of rich, dark earth, ready for planting.
Make sure the raised beds are correctly leveled with the bottom.

After you’ve accomplished the above steps, you’re prepared so as to add your raised beds! Place your beds on the bottom and ensure every little thing seems to be good. Should you discover there’s a niche between one fringe of the mattress and the bottom, take a second to stage the bottom so all the backside of the mattress is flush with the bottom.

As soon as your mattress seems to be good, it’s time to fill it with an acceptable materials and get rising.

Last Ideas

It doesn’t matter what sort of area you’re beginning out with, correctly making ready it for a raised mattress will make the setup and set up course of a lot simpler. And which means you possibly can concentrate on what you’re actually fascinated about—rising wholesome vegetation.

Related Articles


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Articles