Hen Of Paradise Plant Care: A Full Rising Information

Its shiny, daring, unique flowers make this putting accent plant simply recognizable.  I lived in Santa Barbara, CA, the place these vegetation are widespread, for ten years, and had a couple of rising in my backyard. This particulars Hen Of Paradise plant care, primarily outside, with a quick part on rising it as a houseplant.

In Southern California, this plant is ubiquitous within the floor and containers.  It’s widespread however beloved nonetheless, a lot in order that it’s the official flower of Los Angeles. 

I now stay in Tucson, AZ, and sometimes see it in containers and planters. This isn’t its very best rising local weather, however that doesn’t cease it from being planted. The Yellow Hen Of Paradise and Crimson Hen Of Paradise (a distinct genus) are extra fitted to rising within the desert.

Botanical Title: Strelitzia Reginae   Frequent Title: Hen Of Paradise, Orange Hen of Paradise, Crane Flower, Crane Plant

Be aware: This put up was revealed on 6/8/2016. It was up to date on 2/16/2024.

Hen of Paradise Plant Care Information

A bird of paradise plant grows outdoor and shows some brown edges on leaves.
The distinctive flowers of this plant are simply recognizable, & make it oh-so widespread.

Hen Of Paradise Traits


This subtropical/tropical clumping evergreen perennial can attain 4-6′ tall by 6-8′ extensive in heat climates.  It grows densely and reaches the dimensions of a shrub, so house is required for mature vegetation. Relying on the pot’s dimensions, the dimensions is extra restricted when rising in containers.

Makes use of

Many! Hen Of Paradise vegetation develop alongside sidewalks and streets, by the ocean, poolside, in parking strips, container plantings, and in lots of gardens. It provides tropical vibes to any panorama.


The orange and blue Hen Of Paradise flowers are the large draw for many. They’re long-lasting, on the plant and as lower flowers. Extra on BOP Flowering in a piece additional down.


They’re hardy to 25-30 levels F.  The Hen Of Paradise grows in USDA zones 10-12 and in zone 9 with safety from extended freezes. You may develop it outside within the hotter months and transfer it indoors when temperatures drop.

Bird of paradise plant grows outdoors in garden amongst other plants.
Listed here are a few Birds rising within the shade in Santa Barbara.  As you may see, the plant is much less dense, with longer stems and smaller foliage & flowers.

Hen Of Paradise Crops Open air

Mild Necessities

The Hen Of Paradise grows the most effective and blooms probably the most in shiny mild. Full solar is ok alongside the coast of SoCal, the place the maritime layer is prevalent.  

It prefers partial shade inland and in locations with blazing sizzling summers, like the place I stay within the Arizona desert.

Watering A Hen Of Paradise

The Hen Of Paradise seems and does the most effective with common water – not too moist or too dry.  Don’t give it a couple of splashes every now and then, however a deep watering each 2-3 weeks within the heat rising season.  

Southern California was experiencing a drought once I left in 2016. The foliage of this plant was not trying prefer it did pre-drought years. It was smaller and curled and brown on the perimeters.

New vegetation require extra water than mature vegetation. As soon as vegetation are established, you may set up a watering schedule primarily based in your environmental circumstances. 


This tropical plant prefers excessive humidity. Alongside the California coast, in Florida and Hawaii, they get the humidity they like. Right here in Tucson and Phoenix, they appear much less “sturdy” because of the dry air.

Double-headed Bird of paradise plant grows outdoors a second flower is emerging out of the first flower.
It’s not unusual to see “double Birds” – that’s what I name them anyway!   As seen within the foreground, a 2nd smaller flower emerges out of & above the first flower on the identical stalk.


They recognize common feeding in the course of the rising season. Many of the ones that grew in public areas round Santa Barbara and different areas of SoCal didn’t get any. They seemed good however would have benefited from a month-to-month feeding from early spring by early fall.

 I by no means fertilized mine however fed them with a beneficiant high dressing of natural compost, which additionally helped preserve moisture. If yours isn’t trying tip-top or the blooms are scarce, apply a balanced fertilizer like 5-5-5 or 10-10-0. 


The Hen Of Paradise isn’t too fussy as to soil, as evidenced by the wide range of locations it grows in.  Nonetheless, It prefers a loamy, considerably wealthy combine and wishes good drainage.

Rising it in pots, a very good high quality potting soil with an modification like pumice labored in, will assist drainage and aeration. It could recognize compost, manure, or worm compost added for nourishment.

A small Bird of paradise plant grows outdoors, beautiful flowers are in bloom.
I embody this as a result of the flowers had been regular-sized, however the vegetation had been round 1′ tall.  I needed to sit down on the sidewalk to take the pic! 


Spring and summer time are the most effective occasions to do that.

In the event you’re doing this for the primary time, be warned: this plant has a dense, vigorous root ball. Crowded clumps bloom finest, so don’t rush to transplant it.

You may repot yours because it grows. As soon as a plant has reached maturity and the pot dimension is proportional to the dimensions of the plant, go away it. I noticed massive clumps in massive pots rising throughout SoCal, and so they had been doing fantastic and fortunately blooming away.


I’ve solely seen them with mealybugs, however I’ve learn that they may also be vulnerable to scale and spider mites.  A very good blast with the backyard hose will ship these pests flying.  Simply you’ll want to get the undersides of the leaves and within the nodes as nicely.  

A home made spray with delicate, pure dish cleaning soap and water may even assist. If the infestation has worsened, neem oil and insecticidal cleaning soap are good choices.

Bird of paradise has been heavily pruned into a mound like shape.
Right here’s the image I stated that I’d attempt to discover within the video.  The neighbors down the road in Santa Barbara did this to the two Birds of Paradise on both aspect of their entrance steps.  This “mohawking” is NOT the best way to prune these vegetation!  They finally got here again simply fantastic, however imagine me, it didn’t occur in a single day!


Hen Of Paradise doesn’t require a lot common pruning in any respect.   You’ll wish to take away the useless flowers, leaves, and ugly foliage.  Be sure that your pruners are clear and sharp so that you get even cuts.

Simply you’ll want to take the stems down as near the bottom of the plant as you may. You wish to do the identical with the useless flower stalks. Having useless stalks sticking up isn’t a very good look!


Spring by early summer time is the most effective time to do that. That stated, my neighbor divided his in late fall, and it did fantastic.

Division is the quickest method of propagating Hen Of Paradise vegetation. Crowded clumps bloom finest, so don’t rush to divide a younger plant. The basis ball is robust, dense, and hard, so be ready should you do divide one! 

Hen Of Paradise Flowering

The crested orange flowers with accents of blue are what this plant is grown for, each within the panorama and commercially.  The flowers are long-lasting on the plant in addition to in floral preparations.  

Once you plant a small Hen Of Paradise, don’t be shocked if it doesn’t flower for the first few years. Younger vegetation don’t bloom. 

 Because the plant ages, flowering will increase.  Don’t rush to divide as a result of it blooms higher when crowded.  

It blooms the heaviest, in Southern California anyway, fall by spring and intermittently all through the summer time.

Are you asking how do I get my Hen Of Paradise to bloom? Probably the most widespread causes yours isn’t blooming are the plant isn’t sufficiently old and the sunshine is inadequate. Crowded clumps bloom finest.

Bird of Paradise grows outdoors in a retail space, bougainvillea in pots are growing the background.
That is the only real picture taken in Tucson (in February). These Birds don’t look unhealthy in any respect!

Hen Of Paradise Leaves

The inexperienced paddle-like leaves can develop brown edges as a consequence of an excessive amount of or too little water, lack of humidity, or water high quality.

A few of the older leaves get ratty as a consequence of sturdy wind. Break up leaves are extra widespread with the Large Hen Of Paradise, however this one has them too. It’s how these vegetation develop – the leaves slit as they open.

If yours is rising indoors and the leaves are turning yellow, it’s normally because of the soil being saved too moist and/or the soil being too heavy.

Hen Of Paradise Open air In Pots

This plant does nice in pots. Because the plant grows and spreads, it’ll want a big pot to accommodate the vigorous root ball.

Simply make certain the pot has drainage holes so extra water can movement out. They don’t like to sit down in soggy soil.

Bear in mind, a Hen Of Paradise with a crowded root ball blooms the most effective, so don’t repot yours yearly.

Hen of Paradise Plant Care Indoors

I’ve by no means grown this as an indoor plant. I’ve been rising a Strelitzia nicolai (The Large Hen Of Paradise or White Hen Of Paradise) in my dwelling in Tucson for 2 years, and the care is identical. Listed here are a couple of suggestions.

*Excessive mild is the important thing.  Give the Hen Of Paradise as a lot pure mild as attainable – it wants this brighter mild for foliage and flower manufacturing.  You’ll want to rotate your plant (until it will get mild from all sides) so it grows evenly. Close to however not in west-facing home windows (no touching sizzling glass) is finest.

*Identical to outside, it likes to develop crowded, so don’t rush to do any repotting.  By retaining it potbound, you’ll get significantly better blooms.

*You wish to maintain it barely moist by giving it common water.  Again off on the watering within the cooler, darker months, permitting it to dry out earlier than doing it once more.  This plant is vulnerable to root rot, so don’t maintain it “mushy.”

*If lots of the leaf edges are turning brown, one trigger might be water high quality. This plant is vulnerable to a build-up of minerals in faucet water. Strive utilizing filtered, rain, or distilled water. I’ve an under-sink tankless r/o system in my kitchen, which I take advantage of to water all my houseplants.

*Our houses are typically dry. You may create a extra humid atmosphere with a small humidifier close by.  Some like to make use of a saucer stuffed with pebbles and water and set the develop pot on high (guarantee no roots keep soaked).  An occasional misting a few occasions every week would even be appreciated.

*You wish to plant it in a pleasant, wealthy potting combine.  A couple of handfuls of coco coir, pumice, and compost.

*Be sure that there’s at the very least one drainage gap on the underside of the pot so the surplus water can movement out. Don’t let your plant sit in a water-filled saucer.

*When it comes to feeding, you can provide your Hen Of Paradise a drink with a balanced natural liquid houseplant fertilizer in spring.  If it wants a bit of increase, do it month-to-month by the tip of summer time. We now have an extended rising season right here, so I feed my Large Hen Of Paradise 6 to 7 occasions a yr. Within the spring, you may apply a 2″ layer of natural compost and/or worm castings.  This works slower, however the results last more.

*It’s a good suggestion to scrub the plant’s leaves now and again.  In the event you can’t put it within the bathe or exterior within the rain, then wipe the foliage with a dampened tender fabric every now and then.

*This plant is taken into account to be poisonous. You may learn in regards to the diploma of toxicity on the ASPCA web site.

Hen Of Paradise Plant Care Video Information

Birds Of Paradise Plant Care FAQs

Can Hen Of Paradise tolerate shade?

It’ll tolerate shade, however the foliage will likely be smaller and the stems extra stretched. Plus, it wants shiny mild to bloom.

Can I put my Hen of Paradise exterior?

My expertise with this plant is with rising it exterior. If yours grows indoors, you may put it exterior for the hotter months. Simply make certain to convey it again indoors earlier than the temps dip under freezing.

How do you prune Hen Of Paradise brown leaves?

Take them off, stem and all. You wish to prune the stems again to the bottom of the plant.

Close up photo of the fire orange flowers on a bird of paradise.
A Hen with ample blooms is a good looking sight. They positive brighten up the sidewalk areas!

In conclusion, This gorgeous accent plant is straightforward to look after outside (it’s one powerful pet) however is a bit more of a problem indoors.  The massive draw is the daring tropical foliage and shiny, long-lasting blooms. It definitely will convey a contact of tropical magnificence into your private home or backyard!

Joyful gardening,

Signed by Nell Foster

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