Growers Information for Heathers, Erica and Callunas shrubs


Calluna, Erica Heather shrubs

Small, hardy, evergreen shrubs which develop wild in lots of components of Europe and in just a few localities in North America. They belong to the Heath household, Ericaceae. The title is derived from kallunein, to brush. Branches are used as brooms. Just one species. is understood, Callunas vulgaris, the widespread Heather or Scotch Heather, but it surely has many sorts which differ extensively in stature, the colour of flowers and shade of leaves.

It’s a typical moorland plant and grows in profusion in Europe, typically protecting a whole lot of acres, the place there’s little or no lime within the soil. The crops grown by florists as pot crops and offered as heathers are extra precisely heaths. They belong to the botanical genus Erica.

For Peaty and Sandy Soil. The place they thrive, Callunas are glorious crops for peaty and sandy soil; however they need to not be planted the place there’s lime within the soil. They’re hardy at New York Metropolis, however not typically so in additional extreme climates. Though they can be utilized in formal beds, Callunas are seen at their greatest in additional pure plantings the place they will develop into irregular plenty.

They’re unsuited for moist, ill-drained land. Earlier than planting, the bottom is solely dug over and small crops are put in about 12-18 in. aside in early fall or spring. They offer little or no hassle in soil of the type described supplied they’re in a sunny location. Every spring earlier than new progress begins the shoots of the earlier season needs to be sheared off near their bases. Winter safety within the type of branches of evergreens laid over them is useful in extreme climates.

When to Take Cuttings. Cuttings of younger shoots an inch or so lengthy are dabbled in a agency mattress of sandy peat and are lined with a chilly body or bell jar outdoor in July and August, or they might be inserted in sand and peat moss in a greenhouse in fall.

Branches hooked up to rising crops are typically weighed down with stones and lined with sandy soil exterior in spring and eliminated as rooted crops two years later. The widespread heather could be raised from seed sown in spring in flats of sandy peat or in a mattress of sandy peat in a chilly body or outdoor; the seeds needn’t be lined with soil, however should be saved shaded till germination has taken place. Selection, chosen varieties don’t reproduce themselves true from seeds.

Some Stunning Varieties. There are numerous forms of heather, the next being a few of the most lovely;

  • Callunas alba plena, double, white, 18 in.
  • Callunas Alportii, crimson, 2 ft.; aurea, gold-tinted foliage in autumn
  • Callunas Camla, double, pink, 9 in.
  • Callunas David Eason, reddish, 10-12 in
  • Callunas flore pleno, double, pink, 15 in
  • Callunas Goldsworth Crimson, 20-24 in.
  • Callunas Hammondii, white, 2-2 1/2 ft.
  • Callunas H. E. Beale, double, pink, 20-24 in.
  • Callunas J. H. Hamilton, pink, 10 in.
  • CallunasMair’s White, 2 1/2 ft.
  • Callunas Searlei, 20-24 in.


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