Growers Information for Cassia Shrub

Growing guide for Cassia Shrub

Principally evergreen shrubs, mainly from tropical America, belonging to the Pea household, Leguminosae. They develop from 6-50 ft. in peak, have pinnate, darkish inexperienced, shiny leaves, and bear golden-yellow flowers in terminal clusters in summer season. Cassia is from the unique Greek identify Kasia.

Most Cassias are hardy open air within the far South solely. There they develop freely in mild, well-drained soil in full solar. Some sorts, particularly Cassia corymbose, a South American type, are appropriate for rising in cool, sunny greenhouses. Others helpful for this goal are Cassia glauca, a local of tropical Asia and Cassia splendida from Brazil.

Greenhouse Therapy

Below greenhouse cultivation, a minimal winter temperature of fifty levels is required. One of the best compost consists of equal elements of peat and loam with sand added. In February, the lateral or facet shoots on the principle branches are in the reduction of to inside three buds of the bottom of the previous summer season’s development, and the main shoots—these on the ends of the principle branches—are shortened by half. They’re syringed regularly till the shoots break into development, and are then repotted in bigger pots. When established, cooler circumstances are maintained and they’re uncovered to full daylight to ripen the expansion for flower manufacturing in summer season.

When to Take Cuttings

Propagation is by shoots inserted in pots of sandy peat in March. They’re positioned in a propagating case in a heated greenhouse and when rooted are potted in 3-in. pots, being transferred afterward to 5-in. pots during which they produce flowers the next summer season. To make sure bushy, well-branched crops the principle shoots are pruned again to 3 or 4 buds and the facet shoots are handled equally. The crops want abundance of water throughout the summer season when development is vigorous, however little from October to March when the crops are resting, though the soil should not be allowed to stay dry for any size of time.

A Hardy Type

Cassia marilandica is a hardy plant of japanese North America. It grows about 3 ft. excessive and has semi-woody shoots that die again to their bases in autumn. It has pinnate leaves and bears terminal bunches of yellow flowers in late summer season. The crops ought to, in chilly localities, be set in mild, well-drained soil in April; the roots must be protected with a layer of leaves or comparable protecting in winter. Propagation is by division of the plant in spring as quickly as development commences. Seeds of Cassia could also be sown in March in pots of sunshine soil in a greenhouse, temperature 55-65 levels.

Financial Makes use of

The senna of commerce is probably a very powerful product of the Cassias. It’s a drug with laxative and cathartic properties, obtained from the leaves and pods of a number of sorts. Thus Alexandrian Senna is the product of Cassia acutifolia, a shrub discovered wild in Nubia and the Sudan; Arabian or Tinnevelly Senna is obtained from Cassia angustifolia, a plant frequent in Arabia, southern India and different international locations; and American Senna leaves are produced by Cassia marilandica, a United States shrub. Pods and leaves are packed individually in bales and enormous portions enter our drug markets.

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