Growers Information for Bee Balm – Monarda Plant

Monarda - Perennial Plant, How to grow

Named after a sixteenth-century Spanish doctor and botanist, Nicholas Monardes (Labiatae). A small genus of annual and perennial herbs from North America, with aromatic leaves and flowers, associated to Salvia. The leaves are nettle-like, and the flowers have a spiky look and are clustered collectively in whorls: the colour ranges from white by pink, mauve, and purple to purple.

Species grown right now

  • Monarda didyma, bee balm, oswego tea, 2-3 ft, scarlet flowers, generally in twin whorls, late summer time; cultivators embody ‘Adam’, 2-4 ft, cerise ; Fantastic thing about Cobham’, purple leaves, pink flowers; ‘Cambridge Scarlet’, crimson-scarlet; ‘Croftway Pink‘, smooth pink; ‘Darkish Ponticum’, darkish lilac; ‘Melissa’, smooth pink; Pale Ponticum’, lavender; ‘Pillar Field’, brilliant purple; ‘Sundown’, 4 ft, purple-red.
  • Monarda fistulosa, wild bergamot, 4-5 ft, purple flowers, summer time, not as showy as Monarda didyma ; var. violacea (Violacea superba), deep violet-purple.
  • Monarda menthaefolia, much like Monarda fistulosa, with mint-like foliage.

The place to plant and propagate

Any extraordinary backyard soil will go well with these vegetation, however there should be loads of moisture and good drainage. They may develop within the solar or partial shade. They are often planted within the autumn or spring and wish top-dressing.

They are often separated by dividing them in February or March, or they are often grown from seeds planted outdoors within the spring in a semi-shaded spot or in March in containers in a greenhouse or chilly body. Seeds germinate simply, however the vegetation will want weeding and any drab-colored varieties must be discarded.

Find out how to Develop Monarda

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