Botanical Identify: Cissus rhombifolia
Grape Ivy is a vigorous, evergreen vine with good-looking, shiny compound leaves, every bearing 3 leaflets. Younger leaves are fuzzy, giving them a silvery sheen. It is extraordinarily adaptable to indoor circumstances and makes a simple home plant.
Pot this vine in a dangling basket to point out off its lovely trailing foliage. Massive crops may be educated up a trellis or moss pole. Its sturdy vines will scramble up any assist, climbing and clinging with its curling tendrils.
Pinch and Prune
Rising suggestions are tender and may be pinched off together with your fingernails. Common pinching will maintain your grape ivy plant compact and bushy. Do not toss out these stem suggestions both. You’ll be able to propagate them for extra crops.
Management the plant’s dimension by pruning each spring. Use sharp pruners and all the time reduce at a forty five° angle after a leaf node (the place the place a leaf attaches to the stem). If a decrease stem turns into naked, do not be afraid to chop it again on the soil degree; this vigorous houseplant will rapidly develop new stems.
Questioning When to Repot?
Repot in spring each couple years or when roots fill the pot. Use one with drainage holes to stop soggy soil and root rot. Wish to use a planter with out holes? Simply slip a plain nursery pot right into a cachepot (an ornamental plant pot with out drainage). I put small rocks within the backside of cachepots to maintain the nursery pot above the drainage water.
Do not bury the stems, which results in stem rot. Maintain the plant on the identical degree it was rising earlier than.
Grape Ivy Winter Care
Give it a relaxation in winter. Grape ivy would not go dormant within the winter, however progress slows down with fewer hours of daylight.
One of many frequent issues with homeplant care is overwatering. Enable soil to dry out a bit between waterings in winter and cease fertilizing till spring.
Indoor humidity can plummet in the course of the winter months with out our noticing it. It is a good suggestion to make use of a humidity monitor, fairly than guess. (See “Humidity” suggestions under.) Spider mites are drawn to dry circumstances; you possibly can assist stop them by utilizing a humidity tray or a cool-mist room humidifier.
One thing Bugging Your Houseplant?
Aphids are small inexperienced or black bugs which can be drawn to new progress on this soft-stemmed plant. Rinse them off by spraying with water. Grape ivy is delicate to pesticides and a few varieties of insecticidal cleaning soap or oil; it is a good suggestion to check any insect spray on one leaf first.
Pink spider mites are so tiny, you will probably solely discover the effective webbing between stems. Isolate your plant and reduce off any infested leaves and stems. Use a tender material to softly clear the undersides of remaining leaves. In case your plant is badly infested, eliminate it — you don’t need these harmful critters to destroy your different home crops.
Grape Ivy Issues, Options and Solutions
Brown leaf suggestions are probably attributable to dry air. Give this tropical native the humidity it craves, particularly in the course of the winter months. See “Humidity” suggestions under.
Dropped leaves could also be a symptom of potting combine that is too moist or too dry. Comply with the “Water” suggestions under.
White dusty powder on leaves is powdery mildew. Though this tropical native likes humidity, it additionally wants loads of air circulation round it to stop this fungus. Additionally, do not overwater.
Is Cissus rhombifolia toxic? No. It is non-toxic to cats and canines, based on the ASPCA.
Will it bloom? Unlikely. Crops grown indoors won’t normally produce flowers or fruit as they may of their native habitat.
Varieties of Grape Ivy for Sale
You will discover Cissus rhombifolia on the market in spring and summer time in backyard facilities and some on-line nursery websites. C.r. ‘Ellen Danica’ is a well-liked selection, additionally known as Oak Leaf Ivy for its deeply lobed leaves. ‘Mandaiana Compacta’ is dwarf and compact, making it simple to practice on a small trellis.
Kangaroo Vine (C. antarctica) is an Australian native with single pointed, toothed leaves.
Grape Ivy Plant Care Suggestions
Origin: South America
Peak: Dimension varies with selection. Some crops will climb as much as 6 ft (1.8 m) or extra with assist. You’ll be able to maintain it to 2 ft (60 cm) with pruning.
Mild: Brilliant oblique daylight. Shield your plant from direct solar, which might trigger brown scorch marks on the leaves. Though Grape Ivy is tolerant of decrease mild ranges, it’s going to flourish when it will get vivid mild.
Water: Water totally in the course of the rising season, permitting the highest 1 inch (2.5 cm) of soil to dry between waterings. Water much less typically in winter, when progress is slower. Shriveled leaves that fall off are an indication the soil is both too moist or too dry.
Humidity: Grape ivies like relative humidity close to 40-60%. Brown leaf suggestions are generally attributable to dry air. Utilizing a humidity tray can assist, however give your ivy plant good air circulation to stop powdery mildew.
Temperature: Heat in spring and summer time (65-80°F/18-27°C). Barely cooler in fall and winter (55-70°F/13-21°C).
Soil: Peat moss-based potting combine, equivalent to African violet potting combine.
Fertilizer: Feed month-to-month in spring and summer time with a balanced (equivalent to 10-10-10 NPK) water-soluble fertilizer diluted by half.
Propagation: Take 3-4 in (7.5-10 cm) stem tip cuttings in late spring. Strip off the decrease leaves and dip reduce ends in rooting hormone powder. Then insert cuttings in a 1:1 combination of moist peat and perlite. Enclose the pot in a plastic bag to take care of humidity. Roots ought to develop in 6-8 weeks.