Fig timber, or Ficus spp, are sometimes encountered in industrial commerce. Vilified as mallsai (e.g., the ginseng ficus), most of those are mass produced. As such, many individuals imagine ficus to be unsuitable for bonsai apply. Nothing is much less true. Nicely-trained and cared for correctly the species make for glorious tropical bonsai.
Notice that many of the ficus ‘bonsai’ bought in giant furnishings chains and supermarkets are sometimes the mix of two varieties and even species of fig. The primary trunk is usually a daily Ficus macrocarpa. This can be a fast-growing species with giant leaves. When the trunk is grown, these are grafted with a dwarf number of the identical species (e.g., F. macrocarpa ‘inexperienced island’) and even one other species. Chopping off the grafted foliage can result in sprouting of the unique trunk and thus, coarser progress branches.
Ficus carica, the species which produces the edible figs, are solely not often seen as bonsai. In mediteranian climates nevertheless some growers are profitable and leaves might cut back all the way down to about 5cm.
Ficus bonsai identification
Ficus is a big group of tree species characterised by inverted flowers. Essentially the most generally used species are quick rising species which within the tropics develop out to a top of 10+ meters tall. The leaves are staggered moderately than opposing and when wholesome, extremely shiny. The leaves from F. microcarpa en F. Benjamina have a barely pointed finish, permitting for water to drip off extra simply. When a leaf or department is minimize, a white sap comes out, pure latex.
Don’t mistake Ficus bonsai with
Ligustrum spp. The foliage of ficus is typically blended up with privets. Privets nevertheless have a lot smaller, and semi-opposing leaves.
Ficus bonsai place
All fig species are sunlovers. In full solar ample water is nevertheless essential.
Ficus are tropical to Mediterranean species. So far as I do know, solely the edible fig, ficus carica, can stand gentle frost. All others should be introduced indoors throughout chilly spells (sustained temperatures under ~10c and/or frost). The indoors spot must be as shiny as doable. A window with southern publicity is perfect. Over summer time the crops are finest exterior in full solar.
Trace: When ficus is introduced indoors for winter, typically many leaves drops. This can be a response to modifications in place in addition to the dry air indoors and incessantly diminished water availability. Ficus is adjusted to dry-seaons by dropping foliage. Cut back this response by putting a clear bag over the tree for some 2 weeks.
When transferring the tree outside for summer time, take note it isn’t used to the direct solar, and sunburn is assured if the tree is positioned in direct solar. As such, first put the tree within the shade for two weeks, then in dappled solar, earlier than transferring it into full solar, in any other case a part of the leaves will get burnt.
Ficus bonsai watering
Ficus are sometimes described as species that likes to be saved dry. That is solely the case when it’s chilly. If saved heat, the roots want fixed entry to water. Right here entry to oxygen is necessary, so an open substrate is required. Regular potting soil typically is of poor high quality and creates anaerobic mud (resulting in root mortality)
Ficus bonsai trimming
Ficus will be pruned with out constrained. Trimming is finest achieved throughout late spring, after the tree has spent a little bit of time within the solar exterior. That leaves sufficient summer time rising to recuperate, but has allowed the tree to regain energy after a darkish winter (This after all for folks in chilly climates). Throughout winter indoors and instantly after, figs are weak and should not reply as anticipated to a powerful trim.
In late spring backbudding will be induced by trimming off all of the rising suggestions. Do that solely with wholesome specimens.
Ficus bonsai repotting
Wholesome figs fill a pot in 1-2 years and may finest be repotted in late spring, after the climate has warmed up somewhat.
Ficus bonsai propagation
Ficus may be very straightforward to propagate as reducing. Sticking any measurement department in moist soil below heat situations could have a excessive strike charge. Rising from seed is barely for many who can supply seed domestically as seed unfastened viability rapidly.