Develop Tuberous Begonia Hybrids Indoors

When you meet begonia care wants, you may anticipate months of spectacular flowers. Happily, it is fairly simple.

Right here you will uncover methods to develop Reiger begonia and different tuberous hybrids as houseplants. Discover out what these beauties have to thrive year-round, plus methods to get essentially the most flowers and make it rebloom.

begonia care, reiger begonia, tuberous begonias

Get to Know Your Begonias

The begonia household contains greater than 1,000 species and 10,000 hybrids and cultivars. Ongoing breeding improves these stunning flowering home crops, giving the brand new hybrids extra blooms than ever earlier than.

Very best for rising indoors, these xheimalis are hybrids of Begonia socotrana (found on the island of Socotra, off the coast of East Africa) and tuberous hybrids (with origins from South America). Typically referred to as winter-blooming begonia, ongoing breeding provides beautiful new varieties which can be obtainable in bloom any time of 12 months.

Begonias are full, bushy, and low-growing. Their thick, reddish stems develop from tuberous roots below the soil. How huge do they get? These hybrid begonias usually attain a top of 12-18 in (30-45 cm).

Huge, smooth, dark-green leaves create a lovely backdrop for ample clusters of pleasant flowers which can be obtainable in orange, white, yellow, crimson, and pink. 

When shopping for a brand new plant, it is best to decide on one which has good bud coloration and has simply began to bloom. You may generally discover these crops labeled as Elatior or Reiger hybrids, however they embrace many types.

Tuberous begonias will go dormant after flowering, however you may convey them again into bloom, if you would like. See “After-blooming begonia care” under to learn the way.

Rising Begonias Yr-Spherical

Hold the soil moist. Permitting it to dry out will depart the plant prone to illness. However you do not need soggy soil, both. Overwatering your begonia will trigger leaves to wilt and switch yellow. Lower off any affected leaves as quickly as you discover them. They’re prone to rot and appeal to botrytis fungus.

Lower off spent flowers. Prune off lifeless flowers to maintain your plant trying neat and to encourage extra blooms.

Test foliage for fungus. Begonias are liable to powdery mildew — a powdery white fungus that develops on its leaves. Spray an affected plant with a fungicide and hold it away from different crops to forestall it from spreading. Are leaves badly affected by mildew? Lower them off; it is higher to lose leaves than to take an opportunity on the fungus spreading.

Look ahead to bugs. Happily, crops grown indoors aren’t usually bothered by pests. Nonetheless, there are just a few to observe for. Thrips could assault, inflicting distorted trying flowers and leaves. Lower off any affected elements of the plant. Spider mites are tiny, however you will probably discover their advantageous webs. Maybe essentially the most dreaded of houseplant pests, mites could cause a number of injury. Isolate any infested houseplant and deal with it immediately. In case your plant is badly infested, eliminate it. Mealybugs appear like white cotton-like specks; take away them with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. Don’t use oil-based pesticides on begonias to regulate pests, which is able to injury their smooth foliage and flowers.

For extra assistance on begonia pests and illnesses, test this web page from The American Begonia Society. You may discover photos, ideas and solutions for stopping and treating issues.

After-Blooming Begonia Care

Begonias are difficult to take care of and regrow the next season, so they’re usually handled as non permanent home crops. Nonetheless, it is completely attainable to convey them again into bloom the next 12 months.

  • After flowering, reduce on watering in order that the plant is barely moist, however not utterly dry. 
  • Hold it away from gentle throughout this dormant interval. In about 6-8 weeks, the foliage will die again. 
  • Lower off all of the foliage, leaving 3 in (7.5 cm) stems. 
  • When new progress seems, take away the stems from the guardian plant and pot them in new potting combine. You’ll be able to discard the guardian plant.
begonia houseplant

Indoor Begonia Care Ideas

Gentle: Give your begonia loads of brilliant gentle whereas it is blooming, however hold it out of direct daylight which might scorch its leaves.

Water: Hold soil evenly moist, not soggy. Permit prime inch of soil to dry between waterings.

Humidity: If relative humidity drops under 40%, use a cool-mist room humidifier or hold pot on a tray of moist pebbles to extend humidity. Do not mist begonias as a result of their smooth leaves are liable to mildew.

Temperature: Common room temperatures (65-75°F/18-24°C) are splendid. Do not expose begonias to temps under 55°F/13°C, as a result of they’re simply broken.

Soil: Peat-based soilless combine comparable to African violet potting combine works nicely. Use a pot with drainage holes to forestall soggy potting medium.

Fertilizer: Begonias like a gentle food regimen of fertilizer whereas they’re rising and blooming. Feed crops each 3 weeks with a high-phosphorus liquid fertilizer diluted by half.

Propagation: Take 3-4 in (7-10 cm) stem tip cuttings initially of the rising season and root in contemporary potting combine.

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