Choosing the Appropriate Tree to Plant

Tree Planting Selection

Planting a tree takes plenty of thought. We could have to think about if we would like a tree that’s:

  • Bushes ornamental all year long
  • Bushes with excellent inflorescences
  • Bushes with exceptionally good-looking foliage
  • Bushes with ornamental fruits
  • Bushes with yellow or golden leaves
  • Bushes with white, silver or yellow variegated leaves
  • Bushes with blue (glaucous) and silver foliage
  • Bushes with early flowers
  • Fastigiate timber

Lets learn extra about to help in understanding these elements.

Ornamental bark and good foliage coloration


ACER CAPILLIPES Younger bark striated with white; younger growths coral pink, leaves turning crimson in autumn. A. davidii, younger bark shiny inexperienced, striated with white; leaves often flip yellow and purple in autumn. Lengthy chains of keys placing. A. griseum, paper bark maple, the outer bark peeling in papery flakes to indicate the copper-coloured internal bark; opening leaves bronze colored, turning pink or orange in autumn. A. grosseri, A. g. hersii, younger bark inexperienced or yellowish striated with white, leaves orange and crimson in autumn. A. pennsylvanicum, moosewood, younger bark inexperienced striped and patterned with white, the big leaves pinkish on opening turning clear in autumn. A. rufinerve, bark inexperienced, with an elaborate sample of greyish markings, persisting on previous trunks; leaves pink when younger and often crimson in autumn, when the lengthy chains of keys are engaging.

BETULA PAPYRIFERA Paper-bark birch, shining white bark, the big leaves turning pale gold early autumn, making it more practical than different birches with colored stems.

LIQUIDAMBAR STYRACIFLUA The American candy gum has attention-grabbing corky bark in winter, the leaves often turning purple and crimson in autumn.
PARROTIA PERSICA Notably good if skilled to plain type, the gray bark flaking away in a sample resembling the London aircraft, whereas the leaves flip sensible golds and crimsons (see additionally Early flowering timber).

PHELLODENDRON AMURENSE The gray, corky trunk is of picturesque type, and the good-looking yellow leaves flip yellow in autumn.

SORBUS AUCUPARIA BEISSNERI This good-looking cultivar of the mountain ash has pink branchlets and a copper-coloured trunk, the big leaves with deeply minimize leaflets turning previous gold in autumn.

Conifers Many conifers with yellow, silver or variegated foliage (listed beneath these headings) give curiosity of type and foliage color in any respect seasons. Some pines, when their decrease branches are eliminated, even have attention-grabbing bark, P. bungeana, the lacebark pine, has bark which peels off to indicate white patches; P. nigra maritima, the Corsican pine, develops a placing erect trunk with pale scales between fissures at midnight bark. The Scots pine, P. sylvestris, with its easy pink or pink bark within the higher a part of the tree, is singularly picturesque. The bark of the well-named redwood, Sequoia sempervirens, by no means loses its astonishing color. Besides P. bungeana, which is uncommon and slow-growing, these timber are solely appropriate for big gardens or parks.

Ornamental bark in winter

Along with the foregoing, the principal ornamental distinction of the next is their bark, the coloring of their foliage not being distinctive.

ARBUTUS x ARACHNOIDES Hybrid strawberry tree. Trunk and branches cinnamon pink.

BETULA A number of birches have singularly lovely coloured bark, although this doesn’t at all times present on younger timber. Among the many greatest are B. albosinensis septentrionalis, orange-brown with a gray bloom; B. ermanii, trunk cream-colored, the bark peeling off, the branches orange-brown; B. jacquemontiana, the whitest bark of all—the white will be rubbed off like chalk; B. lutea, the peeling, paper-like bark being yellowish; B. mandschurica, vars. japonica and szechuanica, have very white stems and branches; B. maximowicziana, the largest-leaved birch, the trunk at first orange-brown changing into white; B. pendula, the native British birch, varies tremendously within the coloration of its stem and good white-barked seedlings should be chosen.

CORNUS MAS Previous timber of cornelian cherry have attention-grabbing trunks with engaging shaggy bark.

CORYLUS COLURNA The pale, corky, scaling bark on the Turkish hazel is engaging.

EUCALYPTUS A number of species have attention-grabbing gray, peeling bark.

JUGLANS NIGRA The gray bark of this black walnut, deeply furrowed right into a community sample, is most placing. PLATANUS x HYBRIDA The peeling of patches of bark exhibiting the greenish gray internal bark of the London aircraft is well-known.

POPULUS ALBA The bark of the white poplar is easy and gray, with black markings, besides on the base of the trunk; P. canescens, the gray poplar, has bark of a particular yellowish-grey color.

PRUNUS MAACKII The Manchurian chook cherry has easy bark, brownish-yellow in color, and peeling like that of a birch; P. serrula, the bark is shiny, mahogany colored, from which the skinny outer pores and skin peels, the trunk of a mature tree having white round scars round it.

QUERCUS SUBER The thick, ridged bark of the cork oak, not hardy in chilly conditions, makes it a particular tree. SALIX DAPHNOIDES The violet willow owes its title to the purple shoots coated with a bloom giving them in locations a violet color; S. purpurea, the purple osier, has reddish-purple slender branches.

ZELKOVA SINICA This outstanding tree has easy gray bark which peels away in scales to disclose a rusty-coloured beneath bark.

Bushes with excellent inflorescences

AESCULUS CARNEA The pink hybrid horse chestnut could be very variable, the cultivar briotii ought to at all times be chosen. A. hipPocastanum, the widespread horse-chestnut, rising into a really giant tree, is well-known. The double-flowered baumannii is smaller and doesn’t produce conkers. A. indica, the Indian horse chestnut, has the biggest flower spikes of all, pink-flushed, in June and July; A. octandra, the candy buckeye, a smaller tree, has flowers which are pale yellow; A. Pavia var. atrosanguinea is a small tree with crimson flowers in June. CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES The Indian

bean has many foxglove-like flowers in a pyramidal, erect spike in July and August. The person flowers are white marked with yellow and purple. Does nicely within the coronary heart of London.

CLADRASTIS TINCTORIA The yellow wooden has pendent clusters of scented pea-like white flowers with a yellow blotch on the usual in June. Doesn’t at all times flower however has good-looking foliage.

CRATAEGUS The various-flowered inflorescences of the quite a few thorns, largely with white however generally pink or pink flowers, are well-known and really related. A selection needs to be produced from those who additionally bear showy fruits.

DAVIDIA INVOLUCRATA The pocket-handkerchief, or dove tree has its small flowers surrounded by two giant white bracts, making it a outstanding sight in Might.

FRAXINUS ORNUS In Might the manna or flowering ash is often densely coated with clusters of small, white flowers.

KOELREUTERIA PANICULATA The golden-rain tree or satisfaction of India carries in August erect pyramidal spikes of many small yellow flowers every with a pink spot on the centre. The foliage is also engaging.

LABURNUM By far the most effective, with the longest chains of flowers and the sweetest scent, is the hybrid L. x watereri.

MAGNOLIA Ofthe giant tree magnolias, the next have giant and luxurious flowers: M. campbellii (pink), M. delavayi (creamy-white), M. denudata (pure white), M. grandiflora (white), M.mollicomata (rose-purple), M. obovata (creamy-white), M. sargentiana (rose-pink), M. tripetala, umbrella tree (cream-coloured).

MALUS There are very many floriferous crab-apples, each with white, pink and rose-coloured flowers. It’s best to decide on these which additionally produce attention-grabbing fruit or have colored foliage.

PAULOWNIA P. fargesii and P. tomentosa (syn. P. imperialis) have broad spikes of heliotrope foxglove-shaped flowers as much as 30cm (lft) lengthy which aren’t produced yearly, due to winter frost injury to the flower buds. PRUNUS A variety from this very floriferous genus is greatest made when a second attribute, comparable to early flowering, ornamental fruit, autumnal leaf color or ornamental bark is current. The Japanese cherries, with flowers starting from white to shades of pink and even yellow, should be chosen on fantastic thing about flower alone.

PYRUS The decorative pears are with few exceptions not generally planted apart from for his or her foliage, as neither their flowers nor fruits are vital. SORBUS The rowans and repair timber have ornamental clusters, in some sorts giant, of white or not often pink flowers, however they’re greatest chosen by giving consideration to the deserves of their foliage and berries.

STYRAX S. japonica flowers freely in June, the bell-shaped flowers hanging from brief shoots; S. obassa has related flowers, aromatic, on spikes on the similar season and as well as has giant, nearly spherical leaves that flip yellow in autumn.

TILIA The very many small clusters of pale yellow flowers which are carried by all species of limes in June and early July should be talked about if solely on account of their scent. T. cordata is the most effective for a small house, as it’s sluggish rising.

Some deciduous timber with exceptionally good-looking foliage

AILANTHUS ALTISSIMA The tree of heaven has pinnate leaves generally 60cm (2ft) lengthy.

CATALPA The Indian bean-trees have heart-shaped leaves as much as 25cm (10in).

GYMNOCLADUS DIOICUS The Kentucky coffee-tree has compound pinnate leaves which can attain lm (3ft) lengthy and 60cm (2ft) broad.

JUGLANS SIEBOLDIANA The walnuts all have good-looking pinnate foliage, however on this species the leaves could attain 1m (3ft) lengthy.

MAGNOLIA DELAVAYI This evergreen tree has exceptionally good-looking leaves about 30cm (lft) lengthy. M. tripetala, the umbrella tree (so referred to as due to the association of its foliage) has very giant leaves as much as 50cm (20in) lengthy. PHELLODENDRON All cultivated species of the cork tree have pinnate leaves 30cm (lft) or extra lengthy.

POPULUS LASIOCARPA This has typical poplar-shaped leaves as much as 30cm (lft) PTEROCARYA The species of wing nut in cultivation all have pinnate leaves from 30-60cm (1-2ft) lengthy, these on P. fraxinifolia being the biggest.

RHUS TYPHINA The pinnate leaves on the stag’s horn sumach could attain 1m (3ft) lengthy.

SORBUS HARROWIANA This tender species has the biggest leaves ofay n mountain ash, 30cm (lft) or extra lengthy. S. sargentiana, is a mountain ash which has leaves as much as 30cm (1 ft) lengthy.

Some timber with good autumn coloration

It needs to be famous that autumn coloration could differ from yr to yr in each respect, and even from tree to tree of the identical species. This checklist is certainly not full.

ACER CAMPESTRE The native area maple turns yellow; A. capillipes, deep crimson; A cappadocicum, yellow; A. circinatum, orange and crimson; A. davidii, variable, yellow and purple; A. ginnala, sensible flaming scarlet; A. griseum, orange, bronze and fiery pink; A. grosseri, additionally A. g. hersii, pink and gold; A. japonicum, crimson and pink; A. negundo, clear yellow, early; A. nikoense, orange and pink; A. pennsylvanicum, clear yellow; A. platanoides, clear yellow; A. rubrum, scarlet and yellow; A. rufinerve, crimson. AMELANCHIER All cultivated species flip shades of pink or russet.

BETULA Most birches flip shades of greenish yellow, however B. papyrifera is vibrant yellow.

CARYA Species often cultivated flip yellow.

CERCIDIPHYLLUM JAPONICUM Variable, however will be sensible in yellow and reds.

CYDONIA OBLONGA The leaves of the widespread quince flip yellow. EUONYMUS SACHALINENSIS Yellow and pink, early, with crimson fruits. FAGUS The copper color of the British native beechwoods is superb in autumn. FRAXINUS Most ashes flip shades of yellow earlier than their leaves fall early within the season. F. oxycarpa `Raywood’, nonetheless, turns a particular purple. GINKGO BILOBA The maidenhair tree
turns a wealthy yellow.

GYMNOCLADUS DIOICUS The massive leaves flip clear yellow.

LIQUIDAMBAR STYRACIFLUA Variable, however in good specimens will be sensible, purple to scarlet.


MALUS Apples give little autumn leaf color, an exception being M. tschonoskii, on which the leaves flip yellow and scarlet.

MESPILUS GERMANICA The massive leaves of the medlar flip russet color. NYSSA SYLVATICA The tupelo turns vivid scarlet.

PARROTIA PERSICA Colouring dependable, yellow by means of gold to crimson. PHELLODENDRON Species often cultivated flip clear yellow.

PRUNUS This genus gives a number of solely species that color nicely, although the Japanese cultivars largely flip good shades of yellow; P. avium, the gean, most years turns a flaming pink; P. sargentii, infallibly turns an excellent pink early in autumn.

QUERCUS BOREALIS The pink oak is relatively a misnomer as the color is nearer to brown, however it may be efficient. Q. coccinea, the well-named scarlet oak, retains its sensible leaves far into the winter, the most effective type being the cultivar splendens. Q. palustris, leaves could flip scarlet, however not dependable; Q. phellos, yellow and orange; Q. velutina, var. rubrifolia is pink.

RHUS TYPHINA Turns orange, pink and purple.

SORBUS CASHMERIANA Pale gold, falling early. S. discolor, sensible pink; S. ‘Joseph Rock’, leaves flip a wealthy number of colors; S. sargentiana, placing reds and golds; S. torminalis, the native wild service, colors in nicely in yellows and golds and generally scarlets.

STYRAX OBASSIA The massive leaves flip a wealthy yellow.

Bushes with ornamental fruits

The next checklist is of timber whose brightly-coloured fruits are often ornamental for a while after the leaves have fallen. Birds quickly assault and strip the berries on quite a few sorts nearly as quickly as they’re ripe, however the next are much less severely attacked. With some timber, berries are solely borne on feminine timber; in lots of cases nurserymen can choose these.

CERCIS SILIQUASTRUM The Judas tree carries pink and purple pods from late summer season far into the winter.

COTONEASTER FRIGIDUS Heavy crops of clusters of wealthy vibrant pink are borne in autumn and early winter.

CRATAEGUS All of the thorns carry crops of haws, the extra placing together with C. durobrivensis with giant pink fruit lasting nicely into winter; C. lavallei has giant orange-red berries that grasp into the brand new yr; C. mollis, the pink haw, has very giant pink fruits which drop relatively early to make a spectacular carpet beneath the tree; C. orientalis has giant oval or yellowish-red fruits; C. prunifolia has giant, pink fruits, mixed with crimson autumn foliage; C. punctata has giant, barely pear formed boring crimson fruits; C. wattiana, the Altai Mountain thorn, has giant, translucent, yellow fruit.

CYDONIA OBLONGA The widespread quince, has golden fruit which mix successfully with the yellow autumnal leaves.

EVODIA HUPEHENSIS Feminine timber bear clusters of scarlet berries.

IDESIA POLYCARPA Feminine timber carry bunches of vibrant pink berries in autumn.

ILEX x ALTACLARENSIS I. aquifolium the hollies, are amongst Britain’s most lovely berrying timber, although fruiting solely on feminine timber. I. a. bacciflava (fructu-luteo) has yellow berries.

MALUS The crab-apples, largely carry fruit. One of the best embody the next:

M. x alden—hamensis, fruit quite a few small, deep purple; M. eleyi, vibrant crimson; M. `Gibb’s Golden Gage’, waxy yellow fruit; M. ‘Golden Hornet’, vibrant yellow fruit hanging late; M. `John Downie’, giant, slim fruits, yellow with pink flush, taste good; M. prunifolia and its cultivars, Theal’s Crimson’, fastigiata, pendula and `Rinki’ have pink fruits hanging lengthy on the tree; M. purpurea has mild crimson fruit; M. robusta, the cherry apple or Siberian crab, has heavy crops of long-lasting small fruits, the 2 cultivars being ‘Crimson Siberian’ and ‘Yellow Siberian’ ; M. Wisley Crab’ has giant, deep-red fruit.

PRUNUS although a few of this genus, eg, cherries, carry engaging fruit, they’re eaten by birds even earlier than ripening. SORBUS The mountain ashes and white-beams usually have ornamental berries, however on most species they’re eaten at an early stage by birds. The next are often exceptions: S. cashmeriana, giant, glistening white, hanging late; S. esserteauiana, very giant clusters of small scarlet, or in flava, yellow fruit, hanging late; S. hupehensis, giant clusters of small white fruit, turning pink, and hanging late; S. ‘Joseph Rock’ has amber-coloured, long-lasting berries; S. sargentiana has nice clusters of small, orange-red berries ; S. scalaris has vibrant pink, small fruits.

Bushes with yellow or golden leaves

Included listed here are some timber which don’t retain their distinctive color all through all the season, however are engaging in the course of the early a part of the summer season. All are cultivars that should be propagated vegetatively since they not often come true from seed. When suckers come up from floor degree they need to be watched, and, if they aren’t true, eliminated.

Broad-leaved timber

ACER CAPPADOCICUM AUREA Deep yellow leaves on opening and once more in autumn. A. negundo auratum, golden-yellow foliage; A. pseudoplatanus corstorphinense, the golden sycamore, has leaves altering from pale by means of wealthy yellow to inexperienced in late summer season, makes a big tree, worlei has comfortable yellow leaves till late summer season.

ALNUS GLUTINOSA AUREA A golden-leaved type of the widespread alder. A. incana aurea, yellow leaves and younger shoots with pink catkins; it’s a lovely type of the gray alder.

CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES AUREA A small rising cultivar of the Indian bean tree with giant golden leaves. FAGUS SYLVATICA ZLATIA A yellow-leaved beech.

FRAXINUS EXCELSIOR AUREA A big tree with yellow shoots and yellow leaves in autumn.

GLEDITSCHIA TRIACANTHOS ‘Sunburst’. This has vibrant yellow unfolding leaves.

LABURNUM ANAGYROIDES AUREUM The yellow-leaved laburnum. PTELEA TRIFOLIATA AUREA A yellow-leaved type of the hop-tree.

ROBINIA PSEUDOACACIA FRISIAThis has golden-yellow leaves all through.

ULMUS CARPINIFOLIA SARNIENSIS A slow-growing type of the Wheatley elm with pure golden colored leaves. U. glabra lutescens, a wych elm with pale yellow leaves; U. procera vanhouttei, a golden-leaved type of hedgerow elm.


CEDRUS DEODARA AUREA The golden deodar, smaller than the sort, is the most effective golden cedar.

CHAMAECYPARIS LAWSONIANA LUTEA Has golden-yellow foliage; stewartii is a free-growing yellow type; C. obtusa crippsii is sweet deep yellow, slowly reaching tree measurement.

CUPRESSUS MACROCARPA `Donard Gold’. A deep yellow and lutea, paler yellow, each being of compact development. JUNIPERUS CHINENSIS AUREA Younger’s golden juniper is a small tree of relatively slim type.

TAXUS BACCATA ELEGANTISSIMA The golden yew; fastigiata aurea is the golden Irish yew.

Bushes with blue (glaucous) and silver foliage


ALNUS INCANA Leaves gray beneath.

CRATAEGUS ORIENTALIS Leaves gray on each side, deeply minimize.

EUCALYPTUS The tree has quite a few species, however their hardiness over a protracted interval is uncertain; E. gunnii is the most effective identified.

POPULUS ALBA The white poplar has white twigs and undersides of the leaves, the most effective type for the backyard being the erect-growing pyramidalis. P. canescens has gray leaves and makes a big, vigorously suckering tree.

SALIX ALBA The white willow is a big tree unsuitable for many gardens however its selection sericea is a smaller, round-headed tree with whiter leaves. SORBUS ARIA The whitebeam and all its cultivars have a persistent vivid, white underside to the leaves; in lutescens the higher floor is also creamy-white.

TILIA PETIOLARIS This has silvery undersides to the big, drooping leaves; in T. tomentosa the beneath is sort of white.


CEDRUS ATLANTICA GLAUCA A big tree with glaucous-blue, and in some specimens, nearly silvery leaves. CHAMAECYPARIS LAWSONIANA Contains quite a few glaucous-blue foliaged cultivars, together with allumii, columnaris, elegantissima, erecta alba, fraseri, glauca (higher often called ‘Milford Blue Jacket’), robusta glauca, `Silver Queen’ (the foliage turning inexperienced in late summer season) and ‘Triomphe de Boskoop’ (tending in direction of blue).

CUPRESSUS ARIZONICA ‘Bonita’ has very grey-blue foliage; in pyramidalis it’s considerably bluer.

JUNIPERUS CHINENSIS PYRAMIDALIS Has markedly blue foliage; J. recurva coxii has blue-green leaves; J. virginiana glauca is silvery-blue.

PICEA GLAUCA A big spruce with bluish inexperienced leaves; P. pungens has grey-green leaves, the cultivar glaUca is smaller with grey-blue leaves and glauca moerheimii is an much more intensely colored type.

Bushes with white, silver or yellow variegated leaves

These are all sports activities, maybe occurring initially on one department solely, of regular timber which were propagated vegetatively as cultivars. Usually, seedlings revert to the standard type. Suckers arising will not be true.

The deciduous broad-leaved sorts are cheerful in city areas the place smoke air pollution will not be too unhealthy, however the evergreen conifers on which the foliage persists for a number of years turn out to be drab. Most of those timber match nicely into the conventional color scheme of a backyard.


ACER NEGUNDO The field elder, gives wonderful variegated foliage in elegantissimum, vibrant yellow and variegatum, conspicuously white. A. platanoides drummondii, leaves distinctively margined with white; A.pseudoplatanus leopoldii, leaves marked with cream and white.

BUXUS SEMPERVIRENS The next free-growing cultivars have variegated leaves : aurea maculata, leaves marked with gold and aurea-marginata, leaves edged with yellow.

ILEX AQUIFOLIUM Numerous variegated leaved varieties embody argenteo-marginata, silver-variegated, berrying; flavescens, moonlight holly, yellow and gold, berrying; ‘Golden King’, broad yellow margins, berrying; ‘Golden Milkmaid’, gold with slim inexperienced margins, not berrying; Handsworth New Silver’, darkish inexperienced with white margin, berrying; laurifolia variegata, golden margins, not berrying; ‘Madame Briot’, leaves margined and blotched with gold, berrying; scotica aurea, spineless with lustrous, spineless leaves blotched with yellow, berrying; ‘Silver Queen’, daring creamy white margins, not berrying. LIRIODENDRON TULIPIFERA AUREA—MARGINATUM A tulip tree with yellow-margined leaves making a big tree.

ULMUS PROCERA ARGENTEOVARIEGATA A hedgerow elm having leaves mottled with white. U. procera argenteo-maculata, this species has leaves attractively mottled with white.


CHAMAECYPARIS LAWSONIANA ALBOSPICA The information of branches creamy-white; ‘Silver Queen’, younger foliage silver-white; versicolor foliage marked with creamy-white and yellow; C. nootkatensis argenteo-variegata has foliage variegated with creamy-white. SEQUOIA SEMPERVIRENS ADPRESSA The younger shoots are greenish-white. TAXUS BACCATA DOVASTONIANA AUREO-VARIEGATA A golden variegated type of the weeping yew.

THUJA PLICATA ZEBRINA A wonderful tree, smaller than the sort, variegated with vibrant yellow.

TSUGA CANADENSIS ALBO-SPICATA The tree has white tricks to the shoots.

Crimson and purple foliage timber

Inserting timber of those colors wants nice care, however their colors mingled with the multitude of others in autumn are efficient and of nice magnificence, they don’t mix nicely with the conventional greens, significantly if utilized in amount. They need to subsequently be used sparingly in isolation at factors the place they may inevitably catch the attention.

A quantity have clear colors when the leaves unfold however regularly lose this high quality and turn out to be sombre because the season progresses. Others, not included right here, turn out to be regular inexperienced when the leaves are open.

ACER PLATANOIDES ‘Crimson King’ (`Goldsworth Purple’), a Norway maple with crimson-pui-ple leaves bigger than the sort.

BETULA PENDULA PURPUREA The purple-leaved birch will not be a vigorous tree.

CORYLUS MAXIMA PURPUREA The purple-leaved filbert is an effective color although not usually of tree measurement.

FAGUS SYLVATICA ATROPUNICEA The darkish purple beech, cuprea copper beech; and purpurea, purple beech, are all well-known, dependable timber reaching a substantial measurement and fairly unsuitable for apart from the biggest backyard. Weeping types of these colored variants are additionally accessible.

MALUS The flowering crabs present a number of sorts with pink or purple foliage mixed with homosexual flowers and ornamental fruits. All are very hardy and adaptable, nicely suited to a small backyard; M. x aldenhamensis, purplish leaves, wealthy pink flowers and crimson fruit. M. eleyi is relatively extra vigorous than the final, the leaves bronze-green flushed with purple, the fruit hanging longer on the tree. M. purpurea has darkish purplish-green leaves, crimson flowers and fruits, each tinged with purple. M. Wisley Crab’, bigger than the foregoing in all its elements, the leaves bronzy-red, the flowers giant, wine colored, scented and enormous deep-red fruits.

PRUNUS A number of plums have colored leaves, the most effective together with P. blireana (usually a big shrub) deep copper with pink flowers. P. cerasifera atropurpurea, higher often called P. pissardii, with crimson-purple leaves, appropriate additionally for hedging; nigra has darker leaves.

QUERCUS PETRAEA PURPUREA Has reddish-purple leaves which becomegreen flushed with pink. Q. robur fastigiata purpurea has younger leaves the identical color.

Bushes with early flowers

ACER OPALUS The Italian maple has yellow flowers in early April.

CORNUS MAS This has many small yellow flowers in February.

PARROTIA PERSICA This bears very quite a few small scarlet tassel-like flowers in February.

PRUNUS ‘Accolade’ is a semi-double pink cherry flowering in March; P. conradinae is a cherry with scented white or pinkish flowers in late February; P. davidiana is a peach flowering in January, alba is a white type, rubra pink. P. Tundanzakura’ (semperflorens) with pink buds and white flowers from November to April. P. `Kursar’ a vibrant pink cherry flowering in March; P. `Okami’ a cherry with carmine-pink flowers in March; P. ‘Pandora’ is a single pink, very floriferous March-flowering cherry, giving good autumnal leaf color; P. subhirtella autumnalis carries semi-double white flowers (pink in rosea) from November to March. SALIX CAPREA The goat willow has ornamental catkins in March; S. daphnoides, the violet-willow, carries them even earlier.

Evergreen timber


It’s as nicely to do not forget that these usually drop their leaves untidily in summer season. ARBUTUS All species and hybrids. BUXUS All species and cultivars. EUCALYPTUS All species.

ILEX I. x altaclarensis, I. aquifolium and their cultivars are evergreen hollies. LIGUSTRUM LUCIDUM A species of privet usually reaching tree measurement, has good-looking darkish inexperienced, shiny leaves, and white flowers in late summer season. MAGNOLIA DELAVAYI This and M. grandiflora are evergreens reaching tree measurement.

PHILLYREA LATIFOLIA A uncared for, small evergreen tree with dense, dark-green, shiny foliage.

QUERCUS ILEX The holm oak and Q. suber, the cork oak, are good-looking timber able to reaching giant sizes, the latter needing delicate circumstances. UMBELLULARIA CALIFORNICA The Californian laurel is often a small tree with fragrant leaves.


All conifers are evergreen except for Ginkgo, Larix (larch), Metasequoia and Taxodium (swamp cypress).

Fastigiate timber

To the botanist, the phrase fastigiate means ‘with parallel, erect, clustered branches’. It has !row turn out to be extra broadly utilized in a extra generalized sense for timber with slim crowns. All these talked about are derived from pure sports activities and don’t come true from seed (if that’s produced). They’re propagated as cultivars. They typically want cautious pruning when younger to make sure the mandatory erect development.

Their inserting wants nice care, as they inevitably have an unnatural look. Fastigiate conifers accord nicely when planted within the common sample of formal gardens—using the true cypress within the nice Italian gardens of the Renaissance. Fastigiate timber will be skilfully used, too, for including a steadying vertical ingredient to a steeply sloping web site. The planting of a pair one on both facet of the introduction to a vista will be very efficient. A few of the much less erect-growing are wonderful for planting in slim roads, or, for instance, on the centre of a garden the place house is proscribed.


ACER SACCHARINUM PYRAMIDALE An upright type of the silver maple, helpful for avenue planting.

BETULA PENDULA FASTIGIATA That is an erect, slow-growing type of the widespread birch, resembling an erect besom.

CARPINUS BETULUS FASTIGIATA This can be a beneficial pyramidal relatively than actually fastigiate cultivar of the hornbeam. CRATAEGUS MONOGYNA STRICTA This has a slim, erect-growing crown. FAGUS SYLVATICA FASTIGIATA The Dawyck beech is an effective erect tree. LABURNUM ANAGYROIDES PYRAMIDALIS That is an upright laburnum. LIRIODENDRON TULIPIFERA FASTIGIATUM A narrow-growing type of the tulip tree.

MALUS HUPEHENSIS ROBUSTA This has giant white flowers and pretty erect development. M. prunifolia fastigiata, the fastigiate Siberian crab.

POPULUS ALBA PYRAMIDALIS An erect-growing, very efficient type of the white poplar; P. nigra italica is the widespread large-growing Lombardy poplar.

PRUNUS `Amanogawa’ A really fastigiate, small-growing cherry with double pink flowers; P. hillieri ‘Spire’ reaches 8m (25ft) with pink flowers and good autumn foliage; P. `Umeniko’ has single white flowers with leaves colouring in autumn.

PTELEA TRIFOLIATA FASTIGIATA An erect rising type of the hop tree. QUERCUS ROBUR FASTIGIATA The cypress oak, makes a broadly columnar tree of attention-grabbing type.

ROBINIA PSEUDOACACIA ERECTA A slim type of the false acacia with few leaflets; pyramidalis has erect, spineless branches.

SORBUS AUCUPARIA FASTIGIATA A very slim type of the rowan. ULMUS CARPINIFOLIA SARNIENSIS The Wheatley elm is a big tree of 1 flame-like type wonderful for avenue planting; U. glabra exoniensis is a slow-growing erect type of the wych elm,the leaves usually being distorted.


CEDRUS ATLANTICA ARGENTEA FASTIGIATA A narrowly pyramidal type of the Atlas cedar.

CHAMAECYPARIS LAWSONIANA This gives quite a few narrowly erect varieties, together with the favored allumii with bluish foliage; columnaris very slim, glaucous blue; erecta vibrant inexperienced; fraseri slender, grey-green; `Kilmacurragh’ , vibrant inexperienced; pyramidalis alba with white tricks to the branches in spring; and wisselli a wonderful tree reaching appreciable measurement.

CUPRESSOCYPARIS LEYLANDII This can be a densely-leaved, quick-growing tree of enormous measurement and pretty slim form. CUPRESSUS ARIZONICA PYRAMIDALIS That is very slim, of reasonable measurement and with nearly gray foliage. GINKGO BILOBA FASTIGIATA That is an upright-growing type of the maidenhair tree helpful for avenue planting.


The Irish juniper is columnar, however wants supporting.

LIBOCEDRUS DECURRENS The incense cedar makes a particular, giant columnar tree.

TAXUS BACCATA FASTIGIATA. The well-known Irish yew of churchyards, the golden-leaved type being fastigiata aurea.

THUJA OCCIDENTALIS FASTIGIATA A slow-growing, very slim tree. THUJA PLICATA FASTIGIATA A slim type of the western pink cedar making a tall tree.

Weeping timber

Weeping timber are largely pure sports activities that should be propagated as cultiv ars. They’re tough to put on account of their arresting type, and should stand in isolation since a lot of their magnificence lies within the method during which their branches sweep all the way down to the bottom. Nothing needs to be grown beneath them.

Few timber are extra regularly planted in an unsuitable place than the weeping willow, engaging when it’s a small, slender tree, however changing into mighty in
age, when its type usually has to he broken by savage pruning.

BETULA PENDULA TRISTIS A swish type of the silver birch with steeply drooping branches; youngii is smaller, extra compact and slow-growing. BUXUS SEMPERVIRENS PENDULA A great weeping type of the widespread field. CARAGANA ARBORESCEN PENDULA A sexy small weeping tree with yellow pea-shaped flowers and fernlike leaves.

CRATAEGUS MONOGYNA PENDULA A weeping hawthorn; pendula rosea has pink flowers.

FAGUS SYLVATICA PENDULA The weeping beech, making an enormous tree; purpureopendula is a weeping type of the purple beech.

FRAXINUS EXCELSIOR PENDULA The well-known weeping ash.


BUJOTI A honey-locust with pendulous branches,

ILEX AQUIFOLIUM ARGENTEOMARGINATA PENDULA Perry’s silver weeping holly, berrying freely.

LABURNUM ANAGYROIDES PENDULUM A gracefully weeping laburnum.

MALUS The next crab-apples have pendulous branches: M. floribunda’ ‘Excellens Thiel’, a small tree with crimson buds and pink flowers, floriferous however no fruit; M. prunifolia pendula, the weeping Siberian crab, with quite a few small, scarlet, persistent fruit; M. pumila pendula ‘Elise Rathke’, a weeping type of the native crab.

MORUS ALBA PENDULA The weeping white mulberry is a small tree with perpendicular branches, the fruit is insignificant.

PRUNUS PERSICA Windle Weeping’ A weeping peach with double pink flowers; P. subhirtella pendula, the weeping spring cherry, has very quite a few pale pink flowers; in pendula rubra they’re deeper colored. P. yedoensis perpendens is a really pendulous type of the early Yoshino cherry.

PYRUS SALICIFOLIA PENDULA A really pendulous type of the silver willow-leaved pear.

SALIX ALBA TRISTIS The now widespread weeping willow, making a big tree; S. babylonica is uncommon and never passable.

SOPHORA JAPONICA PENDULA A small arbour-like tree with slender branchlets falling perpendicularly. SORBUS ARIA A weeping type of the whitebeam. S. aucuparia pendula, a weeping type of the rowan. Each are small timber.

TILIA PETIOLARIS The weeping silver lime is a powerful tree with a silvery sheen on the underside of the big leaves.

ULMUS GLABRA CAMPERDOWNII The smaller of the 2 weeping wych elms with very pendulous branches, pendula being bigger and extra spreading in type.


CHAMAECYPARIS LAWSONIANA INTERTEXTA A tall cypress of nice magnificence with drooping branches. C. nootkatensis pendula a good-looking, relatively giant tree with lengthy drooping branches. JUNIPERUS RECURVA COXII A moderate-sized, slim tree with lengthy, glaucous shoots drooping steeply.

LARIX LEPTOLEPIS PENDULA A weeping type of the Japanese larch. PICEA BRACHYTYLA This has slender, pendulous branchlets, the leaves blue and white beneath; P. breweriana, Brewer’s weeping spruce, is a sombre tree with very lengthy branchlets that grasp vertically; P. smithiana, the Himalayan spruce, is a big tree with steeply drooping branchlets and exceptionally lengthy leaves.

TAXUS BACCATA DOVASTONIANA A yew with spreading branches from which the branchlets droop; aureovariegata is a golden-leaved type.

Why we plant timber

Free Garden Catalog

Related Articles


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Articles