Botanical Identify: Bougainvillea glabra
You may discover bougainvillea plant climbing arbors, scrambling alongside stone partitions, and spilling over terra cotta pots in Mexico, Greece and Southern California…anyplace heat and sunny will make these flowering shrubs flourish.
For those who do not occur to dwell in a scorching local weather, a sunny window, greenhouse or sunroom will do.
Forms of Bougainvilleas
Of the tons of of bougainvillea varieties, Bougainvillea glabra is the best to develop indoors and has lengthy been a preferred home plant.
In reality, it thrives in a pot or hanging basket so long as you may meet its want for daylight. You may give it much more blooming energy when you can transfer your container outdoor for the summer season. That is proper — you may get probably the most flowers when you let these tropical beauties bask in your sunlit porch or patio.
Large clusters of brightly coloured bracts in pink, purple, orange or purple cowl the plant summer season by way of fall. The papery bracts encompass 3 small, creamy white flowers. Bracts are long-lasting, however the precise white flowers nestled within the bracts are short-lived.
You should purchase bougainvillea vegetation early within the rising season. Even younger bougies are desirous to bloom, so you will not wait lengthy for these charming bracts to cowl your plant.
You’ve gotten numerous stunning bougainvillea varieties to select from, together with dwarf, thornless, and a few thrilling new cultivars with variegated foliage.
- Pink ‘Alexandra’ is a prolific bloomer
- ‘Magnifica’ has vivid purple bracts
- ‘Sanderiana’ is dazzling magenta
- ‘Raspberry Ice’ is ravishing purple
- ‘Harrissii’ has variegated gray-green foliage splashed with creamy white
Prune or Practice Bougainvillea
These lengthy, arching branches are lined with thorns, so watch out when dealing with them. They will trigger pores and skin irritation, too. It is a good suggestion to put on thick gloves when pruning or repotting this plant.
If allowed to develop, bougainvillea vines might be educated round a hoop or over a trellis inserted within the pot. Tie it to the help with florist wire, if it’s worthwhile to. Nonetheless, this vigorous climber would not want a lot coaching to twine round any kind of help.
When to Repot Bougainvillea (and Learn how to Do it)
Repot in spring, while you see new progress.
Bougainvillea blooms finest when barely pot-bound, so transfer it to a pot 1 measurement bigger solely when obligatory.
Use a pot with drainage holes to stop root rot. Need to use an ornamental pot with out drainage holes? Use it as a cachepot. Simply slip the plain pot into the cachepot. It is a good suggestion to place a layer of small stones within the backside of the cachepot to maintain the internal pot above the drainage water.
Whereas repotting, take care to not expose the roots to air for a very long time as a result of they are going to dry out; this Brazilian magnificence likes its roots to remain moist always.
Prepared to start? Comply with these steps for repotting your houseplant.
Bougainvillea Plant Issues, Options and Solutions
No flowers? Intense direct daylight is required for bougainvillea vegetation to bloom. See “Mild” beneath.
Yellow leaves are a symptom of overwatering. Bougainvillea vegetation want regular moisture at their roots, however are liable to root rot if left in soggy soil. See “Water” beneath.
Look ahead to bugs. Bougies appear to shrug off pests, however could also be invaded by aphids (that present up on new progress) or spider mites (they like dry circumstances). For those who see any indicators of pests, isolate your plant and deal with any infestation instantly.
Is bougainvillea toxic? The sap of this plant is mildly poisonous and might trigger pores and skin irritation. Its spiny stems are extra of an issue; a prick from a thorn might trigger a pores and skin rash. Put on thorn-proof gloves whereas pruning or repotting your plant to stop scratches.
Bougainvillea Plant Care Ideas
Peak: As much as 10 ft (3 m) if not pruned again. Will be grown as a bonsai — bougainvillea bonsai tree might be stored small with frequent pruning.
Mild: Full solar. Give it not less than 4 hours of direct solar every day. Bougies will not bloom with out sufficient mild.
Water: Water totally, then enable the highest 2 inches (5 cm) of soil to dry out between waterings. Plant bougainvillea in a pot with drainage holes. Empty drainage tray to stop soggy soil, which may result in root rot. Overwatering will trigger leaves to show yellow and fall off. Hold barely drier in winter.
Humidity: This South American native likes excessive humidity through the rising season, spring by way of fall. Purpose for at least 50% relative humidity across the plant. Indoor air can change into extraordinarily dry with out our noticing it. I extremely advocate utilizing a humidity monitor close to your tropical plant, moderately than guess. If the air is dry, probably the most environment friendly approach to enhance humidity is to make use of a cool-mist room humidifier.
Temperature: Common to heat temperatures 60-80°F/16-27°C. Bougainvillea vegetation are frost-tender. Except you reside in a local weather that is heat year-round, deliver your plant again inside when the temperature dips beneath 60°F at night time. It would not just like the chilly in any respect.
Soil: Good-quality, all-purpose potting combine.
Fertilizer: Feed each 2 weeks spring by way of fall. I extremely advocate utilizing fertilizer specifically made for bougainvillea.
Propagation: Spring is one of the best time to propagate stem cuttings as a result of bougainvillea plant is starting its most vigorous time of progress. Take 4 in (10 cm) stem tip cuttings, dip the lower finish in rooting hormone powder, then insert it in moist potting combine. Use a seedling warmth mat to keep up a good 70°F/21°C for finest outcomes. Cuttings ought to root in about 2 months.