Anthurium Plant Care – Find out how to Develop Anthurium andraeanum Indoors

Botanical Title: Anthurium andraeanum 

Anthurium plant is among the many best-known tropical flowers. Standard in tropical flower preparations, Anthurium bouquets are sometimes utilized in weddings on Hawaii and different Pacific islands.

Give any brightly lit room a perennial vacay vibe with this spectacular houseplant. Uncover easy methods to please this unique blooming plant indoors and you may get pleasure from it for years.

anthurium plant, anthurium care, anthurium flowers, anthurium andraeanumSpectacular purple spathes make Anthurium andreanum a well-liked houseplant. Picture © Phanida Phansurin

Get to Know Anthurium Plant

Anthurium andreanum, often known as tail flower, is particularly colourful from spring via fall. Anthurium flowers are long-lasting, and newer cultivars will bloom virtually year-round.

The shiny purple, heart-shaped flowers are literally spathes that final for a number of weeks, every with a white or yellow spadix coated densely with its tiny, true flowers. Some varieties have spathe colours which are pink, orange-red or white.

Lengthy, dark-green leathery leaves develop as much as 8-in (20 cm) lengthy, held on upright stems. Anthurium leaves are toxic. They comprise calcium oxalate crystals that trigger extreme burning within the mouth. Maintain the plant away from pets who could play with or chew on its foliage. It is also a good suggestion to put on gloves when dealing with this plant to keep away from pores and skin irritation.

A. Andreanum Varieties

Thrilling new cultivars are launched on a regular basis, every extra charming than the final.

  • Anthurium andreanum ‘Album’ is a cultivar sporting white spathes
  • A.a. ‘Pink Champion’ options pink spathes
  • A.a. ‘Giganteum’ has salmon-red spathes which are bigger than the species

Anthurium Andreanum is a Keeper

Anthurium andreanum is a perennial that may stay for a number of years with excellent care. What’s extra, you’ll be able to divide older vegetation for an ongoing assortment (see “Propagation” beneath).

anthurium plant, anthurium care, anthurium flowers, anthurium andraeanum

Caring for Anthurium Crops as Houseplants

Increase the humidity. Due to the necessity for humidity, Anthurium rising might be difficult within the dwelling. Nonetheless, newer cultivars are much less fussy than the species. If the relative humidity drops beneath 50%, use a humidity tray or room humidifier to extend the moisture within the air. Grouping vegetation additionally helps to keep up the humidity round them. Brown leaf ideas could also be an indication of dry air.

To repot…or not. The very best time to repot your Anthurium plant is when new development begins in spring. Transfer right into a pot that is solely 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cm) greater — and solely when obligatory. Set the plant excessive in order that the crown sits above the soil line. If roots present up on the floor between repottings, cowl them with potting combine. Use a pot with drainage holes to forestall soggy soil; good drainage is important.

Maintain it clear. Anthurium leaves are naturally shiny. Wipe them gently with a humid fabric to maintain them dust-free. Keep away from dripping water on the leaves as a result of it might trigger brown spots, a fungus that must be handled with a fungicide.

Yellow leaves are usually a symptom over-watering, however could also be attributable to chilly drafts. This South American native needs heat, year-round. 

One thing bugging your plant? Spider mites could invade Anthurium within the winter, if the air is dry. Look ahead to webbing between the leaves and stems, normally the primary tell-tale signal of an invasion. Deal with any infestation instantly. Fungus gnats are drawn to moist, peaty potting mixes; they’re simpler to do away with.

anthurium plant, anthurium care, anthurium andraeanumAttractive white Anthurium sports activities pink border and spadix. Picture © Yana Demenko

Anthurium Plant Care Ideas

Origin: Colombia

Top: As much as 18 in (45 cm); compact cultivars attain solely 12 in (30 cm). Tall flower stems might have staking.

Gentle: Brilliant gentle will make these beauties bloom. Give your plant as a lot solargentle as you’ll be able to year-round (at the very least 4 hours of vibrant oblique gentle every day). Maintain Anthurium out of direct solar, which can trigger dry, brown patches on its leaves. A curtain-filtered sunny window is good.

Water: Maintain soil evenly moist spring via fall, barely drier in winter. Yellow leaves are sometimes attributable to over-watering. Use a pot with drainage holes, water completely, then empty drainage tray. Do not enable soil to get soggy, which might kill this plant.

Humidity: This South American rain forest native craves excessive humidity year-round. Attempt to keep 50% relative humidity or greater. Do not use a plant mister as a result of drops of water could trigger leaf blight that appear like brown spots. The easiest way to enhance humidity to your tropical houseplants is with a cool-mist room humidifier.

Temperature: (65-80°F/18-27°C) Anthurium plant prefers regular heat temps, similar to we do. Defend it from chilly blasts from doorways, home windows and A/C vents. 

Soil: Peat moss based mostly potting combine with added perlite for good drainage; African violet potting combine is good.

Fertilizer: Feed each 2 weeks in spring and summer time with a high-phosphorus water-soluble fertilizer

Propagation: Divide crowded clumps when repotting. When a plant grows a brand new crown close to the primary plant, gently pull it away and plant it individually in a small container, preserving the crown of the plant above the soil line. New vegetation ought to bloom in a few 12 months.

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