6 Chook of Paradise Varieties for Your Indoor and Outside Backyard


Tropical gardens have an plain attract to them, transporting you to a coastal paradise in your individual yard. And there’s no higher plant to fill a tropical backyard than the towering hen of paradise.

Chook of paradise is the frequent title for crops within the Strelitzia genus. This title describes the distinctive form of the flowers that, whether or not orange or white, immediately catch the attention. However they’re most appreciated for his or her huge tropical leaves, significantly in indoor gardens.

There are 5 species to select from (with one other one misplaced to historical past). With barely completely different native habitats and environmental preferences, select the one which most closely fits your local weather and accessible area.

Strelitzia reginae

Close-up of a flowering plant Strelitzia reginae.The plant is characterized by large, banana-like leaves arranged in a fan-like pattern. The glossy, evergreen foliage is deep green and leathery. The plant produces a unique stunning inflorescence, resembling a bird's beak and plumage, with vibrant orange and blue petals.
Resilient and low-maintenance, this broadly grown species is a favourite for its vibrant blossoms and tropical enchantment.

Strelitzia reginae, generally often known as the orange crane flower for its bird-shaped blossoms, is essentially the most well-known and broadly grown species of the Strelitzia genus. Native to the coastal Cape and Kwa-Zulu Natal provinces of South Africa, it has a shocking tropical look that matches its most well-liked surroundings.

Named by English botanist Joseph Banks within the 18th century, the precise epithet reginae has royal connotations, translating to ‘of the queen.’ It unfold from Britain around the globe within the late 18th and early 19th centuries, turning into extremely well-liked and rising broadly throughout hotter areas of a number of continents.

Their love of heat and spectacular decorative worth has made them well-liked assertion houseplants to fill empty corners. However these in areas like Florida and California may plant these beauties outdoor. Its reputation within the latter state earned it the honour of turning into the Official Flower of the Metropolis of Los Angeles.

Strelitzia reginae sometimes reaches heights of about 6 ft or shorter, relying on the surroundings the place they’re planted. The upright blue-green leaves present the right contrasting backdrop for the putting orange and blue flowers, blooming in late winter and into spring. The cultivar ‘Mandela’s Gold’ has yellow flowers reasonably than vibrant orange in order for you one thing extra refined.

Another excuse for his or her reputation is resilience. Supplied that they get a full day of solar and well-draining soil, they will typically be left alone. You could wish to think about safety from excessive winds if that is a matter in your yard, as it might trigger the leaves to separate.

Strelitzia nicolai

Close-up of a flowering Strelitzia nicolai plant in a garden among strong, tall green stems and large leaves. Strelitzia reginae has large, white flowers with a distinctive blue-purple tongue emerging from the boat-shaped bract. The flowers are held on long stalks.
Native to South Africa, this big selection boasts spectacular peak, white-blue blooms, and tropical vibes.

With a reputation like the enormous hen of paradise, it’s straightforward to image the majesty of this well-liked species. It’s native to coastal areas in South Africa however can also be widespread within the area, present in neighboring Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Botswana.

Resembling the smaller Strelitzia reginae flowers in form, Strelitzia nicolai blooms differ in shade, that includes a putting distinction of white with a deep blue bract. The extra muted tones are nice for each indoor and outside minimalist gardens, though they could battle to flower indoors with less-than-optimal lighting circumstances.

In hotter climates, Strelitzia nicolai is a powerful and towering addition to outside gardens. Its peak – reaching up to an enormous 30 ft – and enormous banana-like leaves create an prompt tropical really feel in any backyard. Planting in containers can also be doable to limit their peak, making them equally helpful in indoor gardens.

Rising Strelitzia nicolai requires a bit more room attributable to its dimension, however that may also be a profit in the event you’re seeking to fill empty gaps in your backyard. It grows nicely in full solar or partial shade and is finest with common watering, particularly quickly after planting.

Whereas it is a little more delicate to chilly temperatures than the earlier species, holding it protected indoors will keep away from any leaf or root injury. A sheltered place can also be important to guard it from robust winds simply caught by the large leaves.

Strelitzia alba

Close-up of a flowering Strelitzia alba plant in a greenhouse. This species features lush, arching foliage with dark green, leathery leaves. The plant produces delightful large inflorescence, resembling a bird's beak and plumage with rich purple and white petals.
Cape wild banana options tall, arching foliage and distinctive white flowers, thriving in hotter climates.

You may even see Strelitzia alba named Cape wild banana after its native area within the Cape of South Africa. Its different frequent title is the white hen of paradise after the stark white flowers. Or, you’ll even see it labeled by a special scientific title, S. augusta.

The particular epithet alba describes the pristine white flowers, a characteristic that units it aside within the Strelitzia genus. This stark shade helps the flowers stand out amongst the inexperienced arching foliage with out overwhelming an area, splendid for toned-down gardens. Just like the earlier species, you’ll must dwell in a hotter zone to develop them outdoors 12 months after 12 months.

Like Strelitzia nicolai, Strelitzia alba is thought for its spectacular peak, rising between 20 and 30 ft when given the area. The leaves alone can attain as much as 6 ft in peak, arching outwards and including a contact of the tropics to your yard.

Strelitzia alba is reasonably drought-tolerant as soon as established however responds nicely to common watering quickly after planting. This species can also be comparatively hardy and might stand up to cooler temperatures than another Strelitzia varieties.

Strelitzia caudata

Close-up of a flowering plant Strelitzia caudata, commonly known as the mountain strelitzia or wild banana. It features large, banana-like leaves with an interesting twist. The flower consists of brightly colored bracts of white, purple and blue and a structure that resembles a bird's head and beak.
The mountain Strelitzia thrives in cooler subtropical areas, that includes distinctive tailed sepals.

Originating from mountainous areas of South Africa, it’s no marvel why Strelitzia caudata is often often known as the mountain strelitzia. Rising in high-altitude areas, it differs in habitat from the earlier species however retains the identical tropical feel and appear.

Its particular epithet caudata, which means ‘tailed,’ describes the distinctive sepal solely discovered on this explicit species. It’s a little harder to search out than different frequent species, however it’s no tougher to develop or take care of if you will get your fingers on one.

This species is especially well-suited for these in cooler subtropical areas reasonably than very heat tropics, offering an possibility for these in decrease zones. It’s barely shorter than the most important varieties however nonetheless grows to a powerful 20 ft in the precise environments. The flowers are additionally a mixture of vibrant white and blue – a shade not usually seen within the backyard.

Strelitzia caudata grows finest in partial shade, making it barely extra adaptable to decrease mild circumstances than different species. Common watering will preserve the leaves lush, and safety from robust winds will cease the leaves from splitting.

Strelitzia juncea

Close-up of a flowering Strelitzia juncea plant, commonly known as the rush-leaved strelitzia, against a blurred background of green foliage. Strelitzia juncea features long, rush-like, upright leaves that give it a unique architectural quality. The plant produces a medium-sized flower with bright orange and blue petals, resembling those of its relatives.
The frenzy-leaved Strelitzia options slender, grassy foliage, splendid for smaller areas.

Strelitzia juncea stands out from the remainder of the species for its slender upright foliage and is named the rush-leaved strelitzia. Native to explicit components of the Jap Cape province of South Africa, it sports activities distinctive reed-like foliage that appears in contrast to any of its family members throughout the genus.

The slender, virtually cylindrical leaves, together with their shorter peak of about 6 ft, give the plant extra of a grassy look than a tropical one. Its stature makes it an wonderful possibility for smaller areas, an architectural accent in bigger landscapes, or for planting in giant outside containers. Its flowers match the acquainted Strelitzia reginae, with vibrant orange and blue to catch the attention.

Strelitzia juncea thrives in arid environments the place it tolerates harsh solar and lack of water nicely. It’s higher suited to gardens in heat however dry areas and can develop fortunately in a drought-tolerant or water-wise backyard.

Strelitzia × kewensis

Close-up of flowering Strelitzia × kewensis plants in a sunny garden. The leaves are large and banana-like, similar to those of Strelitzia reginae, providing a lush and tropical foliage. The unique bird-of-paradise flowers showcase vibrant orange and blue hues, reminiscent of both parent plants. The flower structure, with its bird-like appearance and boat-shaped bract, is a hallmark of the Strelitzia genus.
This hybrid of S. reginae and S. alba has vanished from cultivation.

Strelitzia × kewensis is the final entry on the record – a hybrid species created by crossing Strelitzia reginae and Strelitzia alba. This botanical mix was first cultivated at Kew in England (therefore the title) and flowered for the primary time in 1909.

This hybrid produced distinctive pale yellow flowers, distinctive from different species. Sadly, it’s inconceivable so as to add this magnificence to your backyard, because it has disappeared from cultivation, based on Kew.

Closing Ideas

If you wish to flip your indoor or outside backyard right into a tropical paradise, that is the plant to do it. Any of those gorgeous species match seamlessly into tropical landscapes, matching the large-leafed pattern and simply filling empty areas.

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