🌵 Welcome to the enjoyable and thrilling world of cacti! On this article, we’re going to study 37 several types of these cool vegetation. Cacti are tremendous powerful – they will dwell in actually dry locations the place most vegetation can’t survive. 🌞 We’ll see large cacti that attain excessive within the desert, and small ones with fairly designs. 🌼 Each cactus is particular in its personal approach. So come alongside as we try every one among these 37 cacti. You’ll be shocked at what number of completely different and attention-grabbing sorts there are! 🤩
The Prickly Pear Cactus, recognized for its distinctive paddle-like segments, thrives in arid environments. Its flat, fleshy pads flip a lush inexperienced after rain, and it blooms with vibrant flowers in shades of yellow, crimson, or purple. This cactus will not be solely a staple in desert landscapes but additionally in culinary traditions, the place its fruit and pads are utilized in numerous dishes.
- The fruit of the Prickly Pear known as “tuna” and is edible.
- It may develop as much as 6 toes tall.
- This cactus has been utilized in conventional medication for its anti-inflammatory properties.
Peyote is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, notably mescaline. It’s native to the southwestern United States and Mexico and grows low to the bottom, preferring limestone soils. The Peyote cactus is understood for its distinguished function in Native American non secular rituals.
- Peyote can take as much as 30 years to achieve maturity.
- It has small pink or white flowers.
- Peyote is listed as a Schedule I drug in the USA.
The Fishhook Cactus is known as for its curved, hook-like spines. It usually grows as a solitary, spherical cactus and is famend for its giant, vivid flowers that bloom in hues of pink, crimson, or purple. This cactus is commonly present in desert grasslands and rocky slopes.
- The flowers open at evening and shut within the morning.
- It produces small, fleshy fruits which can be edible.
- This cactus can retailer water effectively to outlive lengthy dry durations.
The Christmas Cactus, a well-liked houseplant, is understood for its cascading branches and vibrant, tubular flowers. It blooms in winter, round Christmas time, therefore its identify. Not like typical desert cacti, it prefers a extra humid surroundings and oblique gentle.
- It’s native to the coastal mountains of southeastern Brazil.
- The Christmas Cactus can dwell for 20 to 30 years.
- It propagates simply from stem cuttings.
Resembling the form of rabbit’s ears, the Bunny Ears Cactus has a novel and playful look. It grows in pairs of pad-like stems lined with tiny, hair-like spines. This cactus is a well-liked selection for xeriscapes and indoor ornament resulting from its low upkeep wants.
- It hardly ever flowers.
- The cactus can develop as much as 3 toes tall.
- Its spines may cause pores and skin irritation upon contact.
The Pincushion Cactus is a small, spherical plant, making it an ideal match for small pots and indoor gardens. Its dense masking of spines resembles a pincushion. Throughout spring, it produces small, colourful flowers on the high.
- This cactus is available in numerous colours, together with inexperienced, blue, and purple.
- It’s native to the southwestern United States and Mexico.
- The Pincushion Cactus can dwell for a number of a long time in the best situations.
Named for its lengthy, white hairs that resemble an previous man’s beard, the Outdated Man Cactus is each putting and eccentric. It grows slowly right into a tall, columnar form and might attain heights of over 10 toes. This cactus is a favourite amongst collectors for its distinctive look.
- The hair-like spines present safety from the solar.
- It produces crimson or yellow flowers.
- The Outdated Man Cactus can dwell for a few years.
The Mistletoe Cactus is a tropical, epiphytic plant, contrasting with the standard desert habitat of most cacti. It has slender, trailing stems and small, berry-like fruits. This cactus prefers shaded, humid environments, usually rising on bushes in its native rainforest habitat.
- It bears small white or pink flowers.
- The fruits are edible and candy.
- It’s native to rainforests in Central and South America.
The Rat Tail Cactus is understood for its lengthy, trailing stems, which may develop as much as 3 toes in size. Its vibrant pink or crimson flowers distinction sharply with its darkish inexperienced stems. This cactus is usually grown in hanging baskets resulting from its cascading development behavior.
- It’s native to Mexico.
- The flowers bloom in spring and final for a number of days.
- It’s one of many fastest-growing cacti.
The Ladyfinger Cactus, named for its slender, finger-like stems, is a compact and engaging species. It’s lined with white spines and blooms with vibrant pink or crimson flowers. This cactus is ideal for small areas and indoor cultivation.
- It may develop as much as 7 inches tall.
- The flowers seem on the suggestions of the stems.
- It’s native to northern Mexico.
The Lace Cactus is a small, globular cactus recognized for its intricate community of white spines that give it a fragile, lace-like look. It blooms with gorgeous pink or purple flowers in the summertime, making a putting distinction. This cactus is native to Texas and northeastern Mexico, thriving in rocky soils.
- It may attain a peak of as much as 6 inches.
- The Lace Cactus is a part of the Echinocereus genus.
- It’s thought of endangered in its pure habitat.
The Blue Candle Cactus, often known as Myrtillocactus geometrizans, stands out with its blue-green stems and tree-like development sample. It may attain spectacular heights, making it a dramatic addition to any panorama. In spring, it produces small white flowers, adopted by edible darkish blue berries.
- It may develop as much as 15 toes tall.
- The Blue Candle Cactus is commonly used as a rootstock for grafting different cacti.
- Its berries are generally known as “garambullos” and are utilized in Mexican delicacies.
The Snowball Cactus, belonging to the Mammillaria household, is admired for its spherical form and dense masking of white spines, resembling a snowball. It’s a small cactus, excellent for indoor rising. Throughout spring, it produces a crown of small pink or white flowers.
- It may develop as much as 8 inches in diameter.
- The Snowball Cactus is native to Mexico.
- It’s comparatively simple to take care of, making it in style amongst newcomers.
The Feather Cactus, recognized scientifically as Mammillaria plumosa, is exclusive for its smooth, feather-like spines that kind a dense, fluffy masking over the plant. It’s a small, clumping cactus that produces yellow or white flowers. This species is native to northeastern Mexico and is a favourite amongst collectors.
- The spines are literally modified leaves.
- It hardly ever grows taller than 5 inches.
- The Feather Cactus requires extra humidity than most cacti.
The Blue Barrel Cactus, distinct for its blue-gray colour and barrel-like form, is a putting species. It may develop as much as 3 toes in peak and produces vibrant yellow flowers in the summertime. This cactus is native to the deserts of southwestern United States and Mexico.
- It’s often known as the Blue Ferocactus.
- The Blue Barrel Cactus can dwell for over 100 years.
- It’s able to storing giant quantities of water to outlive droughts.
The Saguaro Cactus is an iconic image of the American Southwest. It’s recognized for its large measurement, reaching as much as 60 toes, and its distinctive arm-like projections. The Saguaro blooms with white flowers and produces crimson, edible fruits.
- It may dwell for greater than 150 years.
- The Saguaro is native to the Sonoran Desert.
- It’s a significant habitat for desert wildlife, together with birds and bats.
The Silver Torch Cactus, or Cleistocactus strausii, is a columnar cactus with dense, silvery-white spines. It may develop as much as 10 toes tall and produces putting crimson or burgundy flowers. This cactus is native to excessive altitudes in Bolivia and Argentina.
- It prefers cooler temperatures than most cacti.
- The flowers are tubular and might be as much as 3 inches lengthy.
- The Silver Torch Cactus is usually grown for decorative functions.
The Golden Barrel Cactus is a well-liked, globe-shaped cactus recognized for its vibrant yellow spines. It may develop as much as 3 toes in diameter and produces small yellow flowers. Native to Mexico, it’s extensively cultivated for its putting look.
- It’s often known as Echinocactus grusonii.
- The Golden Barrel is endangered within the wild.
- It’s usually utilized in xeriscaping and drought-tolerant gardens.
The Easter Lily Cactus, or Echinopsis oxygona, is notable for its giant, aromatic, trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom in spring or early summer season, round Easter. It has a spherical to columnar form and is roofed with small spines. This cactus is native to South America.
- The flowers might be as much as 8 inches lengthy.
- It’s a fast-growing cactus in comparison with others.
- The Easter Lily Cactus is in style in cultivation resulting from its spectacular blooms.
The Candelabra Cactus, recognized scientifically as Myrtillocactus cochal, is a tree-like cactus that may attain heights of over 15 toes. It has a number of branching arms, resembling a candelabra, and is roofed with small, evenly spaced spines. Native to Mexico, it produces small white flowers and edible fruits.
- It’s usually used as a residing fence in its native vary.
- The cactus might be propagated from cuttings.
- Its fruits are generally known as “garambullos” and are consumed domestically.
The Beavertail Cactus is known as for its flat, paddle-like pads that resemble a beaver’s tail. It’s recognized for its vibrant pink or purple flowers that bloom in spring. This cactus is a local of the southwestern United States and is commonly utilized in desert landscaping for its putting look.
- It’s a member of the Opuntia genus, associated to the Prickly Pear.
- The Beavertail is drought-tolerant and thrives in full solar.
- It produces small, spiny fruits which can be additionally edible.
The Totem Pole Cactus, or Lophocereus schottii var. monstrosus, is notable for its easy, spineless, and knobby floor. It grows slowly right into a tall, columnar form, usually reaching over 6 toes in peak. This cactus is a favourite for its uncommon, sculptural kind.
- It’s a naturally occurring mutation of the Mexican Big Cardon.
- The Totem Pole Cactus hardly ever blooms or produces seeds.
- It’s in style in cultivation resulting from its distinctive look and low upkeep.
The Senita Cactus is a tall, columnar cactus that may develop as much as 15 toes tall. It’s recognized for its dense masking of grey spines and huge, white flowers that bloom at evening. This cactus is native to the Sonoran Desert and is a vital meals supply for native wildlife.
- The flowers are pollinated primarily by a selected sort of moth.
- It produces small, crimson, edible fruits.
- The Senita Cactus performs a vital function within the desert ecosystem.
The Organ Pipe Cactus, named for its multi-stemmed development resembling organ pipes, is native to the Sonoran Desert. It may develop as much as 25 toes tall and produces white, night-blooming flowers adopted by edible crimson fruits. This cactus is a UNESCO World Heritage Website in Mexico.
- It’s scientifically generally known as Stenocereus thurberi.
- The Organ Pipe is extra cold-sensitive than most desert cacti.
- It’s essential for the survival of a number of species of bats that feed on its nectar and fruits.
Crimson Torch Cactus
The Crimson Torch Cactus, often known as Echinopsis huascha, is admired for its good crimson, trumpet-shaped flowers. It’s a columnar cactus, rising as much as 10 toes tall, and is native to the deserts of Argentina. This cactus blooms in late spring to early summer season.
- The flowers can final for a number of days.
- It’s additionally recognized for its ornamental, spiny stems.
- The Crimson Torch Cactus is in style in cultivation for its putting blooms.
The Cholla Cactus, discovered within the deserts of North America, is understood for its segmented branches and sharp spines that simply detach. It blooms with vibrant flowers in shades of crimson, pink, orange, or purple. This cactus is each admired and feared for its stunning however hazardous spines.
- It’s additionally known as the “leaping cactus” as a result of the spines appear to leap onto passersby.
- The Cholla offers necessary habitat for desert wildlife.
- It may regenerate from broken-off segments.
Dwelling Rock Cactus
The Dwelling Rock Cactus, part of the Ariocarpus genus, is a novel cactus that resembles a rock. It’s native to Texas and Mexico and is understood for its sluggish development and rarity. This cactus produces stunning pink or white flowers.
- It’s extremely wanted by collectors.
- The Dwelling Rock is camouflaged properly in its pure habitat.
- Overcollection and habitat loss have made it uncommon within the wild.
The Star Cactus, often known as Astrophytum asterias, is a small, dome-shaped cactus that resembles a star from above. It’s native to small areas of Texas and Mexico and is understood for its putting yellow flowers. This cactus is endangered resulting from habitat loss and overcollection.
- It’s additionally known as the “Sand Greenback Cactus.”
- The Star Cactus can dwell for as much as 30 years.
- It’s part of the Astrophytum genus, recognized for star-shaped cacti.
Claret Cup Cactus
The Claret Cup Cactus, or Echinocereus triglochidiatus, is understood for its vibrant crimson, cup-shaped flowers. It’s a clumping cactus that may unfold out over time, creating a surprising show in spring when it blooms. This cactus is native to the southwestern United States.
- It’s often known as the “Hedgehog Cactus.”
- The Claret Cup is pollinated by hummingbirds.
- It’s usually utilized in rock gardens and desert landscaping.
Grizzly Bear Cactus
The Grizzly Bear Cactus, scientifically generally known as Opuntia polyacantha, is known as for its dense masking of lengthy, white spines that resemble a grizzly bear’s fur. It produces vibrant pink or yellow flowers within the spring. This cactus is native to the western United States and Canada.
- It’s a sort of Prickly Pear Cactus.
- The Grizzly Bear Cactus can tolerate excessive chilly and warmth.
- Its pads are edible and utilized in conventional dishes.
The Rainbow Cactus, or Echinocereus pectinatus, is admired for its colourful bands of spines that create a rainbow impact. It’s a small, globular cactus that produces giant, vibrant pink or purple flowers. This cactus is native to the deserts of the southwestern United States and Mexico.
- It’s often known as the “Arizona Rainbow Cactus.”
- The Rainbow Cactus blooms within the late spring to early summer season.
- It’s in style in cultivation for its putting look.
The Moon Cactus, a well-liked houseplant, is definitely a graft of two completely different cacti: the colourful Gymnocalycium mihanovichii on high and a inexperienced cactus base for photosynthesis. It’s recognized for its vibrant, vibrant colours and straightforward care. This cactus is a favourite for indoor gardens.
- The colourful high half lacks chlorophyll.
- It’s additionally known as the “Hibotan Cactus.”
- The Moon Cactus has a comparatively brief lifespan in comparison with different cacti.
Argentine Big Cactus
The Argentine Big Cactus, or Trichocereus terscheckii, is understood for its giant, white, night-blooming flowers, among the many largest of any cactus species. It may develop as much as 30 toes tall and is native to the mountains of Argentina. This cactus has a columnar form and inexperienced, ribbed stems.
- The flowers might be as much as 12 inches in diameter.
- It’s additionally utilized in conventional South American medication.
- The Argentine Big is in style in cultivation for its spectacular measurement and flowers.
Turk’s Cap Cactus
The Turk’s Cap Cactus, recognized scientifically as Melocactus, is notable for its “cap” or cephalium, a construction on the high the place flowers and fruits emerge. It’s native to the Caribbean, northern South America, and Mexico. This cactus produces small, pink or crimson flowers.
- The cap is manufactured from densely packed bristles and wool.
- It’s additionally known as the “Melon Cactus.”
- The fruits are small and berry-like, usually eaten by birds.
Ferocactus latispinus, often known as the Satan’s Tongue Barrel or Fishhook Cactus, is acknowledged by its flattened, crimson or purple spines that resemble fishhooks. It’s a globular cactus that produces vibrant purple or yellow flowers. Native to Mexico, it’s a well-liked selection for cactus gardens.
- It may develop as much as a foot in diameter.
- The cactus prefers full solar and well-draining soil.
- It’s recognized for its drought tolerance and straightforward care.
Ferocactus cylindraceus, generally generally known as the California Barrel Cactus or Compass Cactus, is a putting species native to the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. This cactus is characterised by its cylindrical form, rising as much as 3 meters in peak, and is adorned with thick, distinguished ribs lined with giant, hefty spines. It’s notably notable for its vibrant yellow to crimson flowers, which bloom on the high of the plant in the course of the late spring and early summer season, including a splash of colour to arid landscapes.
- The Ferocactus cylindraceus can dwell for a number of a long time, showcasing its resilience in harsh desert environments.
- It’s known as ‘Compass Cactus’ as a result of some bigger vegetation lean in the direction of the south, a novel adaptation to the extreme desert solar.
- The plant’s fruit is dry and spiny, usually consumed by native wildlife and utilized in conventional Native American crafts.
Arizona Barrel Cactus
The Arizona Barrel Cactus, scientifically generally known as Ferocactus wislizeni, is a sturdy and distinctive cactus native to the deserts of the southwestern United States. It’s famend for its barrel-like form, rising as much as 2 meters in peak and about 75 cm in diameter, with ribs lined in hefty spines. The Arizona Barrel Cactus blooms within the late summer season, producing round, vibrant orange or crimson flowers that distinction fantastically in opposition to the inexperienced of the desert.
- This cactus species is commonly mistaken for the Fishhook Barrel Cactus however might be distinguished by its straighter spines.
- It performs a vital function in desert ecosystems, offering shelter and moisture for numerous animals.
- Curiously, the Arizona Barrel Cactus is understood to tilt because it ages, sometimes called the ‘compass of the desert’ resulting from this leaning behavior.