27 Straightforward To Develop Succulents for Newcomers


Succulents are extremely low-maintenance, largely due to their drought tolerance and talent to outlive in powerful circumstances. Nonetheless, some are trickier to know than others, making them irritating for inexperienced persons to the succulent world.

If you happen to’ve by no means grown succulents earlier than or by no means gardened earlier than, begin with certainly one of these 27 succulents. So long as you perceive their most popular setting, they received’t provide you with any hassle.

Echeveria

Close-up of an Echeveria in a small soft pink pot on a wooden table. Echeveria is a stunning succulent admired for its rosette-shaped arrangement of thick, fleshy leaves. The leaves are plump, spoon-shaped, and bright green with reddish tips. Echeverias feature a powdery coating, known as farina, adding a subtle frosty or velvety appearance.
These iconic succulents, with various shapes and colours, are low-maintenance and beginner-friendly.

Each time I think about a succulent, that is the primary to come back to thoughts. Echeveria is a genus of extremely common succulents with a basic geometric form that makes them so thrilling to have a look at. On high of that, there are such a lot of species and cultivars with totally different shapes and colours that you just’re certain to search out one you fall in love with.

Echeverias largely take care of themselves, making them supreme for inexperienced persons or these in search of a low-maintenance container plant. Give them loads of solar to assist them preserve their compact shapes.

Sempervivum

Close-up of Sempervivum succulents in a large pot in a sunny garden. Sempervivum, commonly known as hens-and-chicks or houseleeks, is a charming succulent that forms tight rosettes of fleshy leaves. The leaves are densely packed and come in a variety of colors, including shades of green, red, and yellow. The edges of the leaves are adorned with small, pointed tips.
Sempervivum, supreme for inexperienced persons, has geometric leaves and reproduces by way of ‘pups’ for simple growth.

Sempervivum is one other succulent genus nice for inexperienced persons. It has some attention-grabbing frequent names, together with hens and chicks or (most promisingly for newbies) stay without end. The leaves preserve the identical geometric and compact form as echeverias however are usually extra slender and pointed.

The identify hens and chicks comes from how this plant spreads, producing ‘pups’ or smaller variations of the principle plant from the bottom. Merely snap these off and repot to develop your sempervivum assortment.

Haworthia

Close-up of a Haworthia in a gray decorative pot against a blurred background. Haworthia is a captivating succulent characterized by its rosette-shaped arrangement of thick, fleshy leaves. The leaves are lance-shaped, pointed, and feature intricate patterns of raised ridges in white.
These aloelike succulents keep compact, spreading like hen and chick crops beneath the soil.

If one thing structural and spiky is what you’re after, look no additional than the Haworthia genus. These succulents look identical to tiny aloes, staying compact and spreading beneath the soil like hens and chicks. In addition they are available just a few totally different colours and patterns relying on the species, however the vibrant, nearly neon inexperienced cultivars are a private favourite.

Haworthias will produce flowers on tall spikes if planted in the correct circumstances. Hold them in a sunny spot and shield them from temperature dips over winter to encourage them to flower.

Graptopetalum

Close-up of Graptopetalum in a gray rusty pot in the garden. Graptopetalum is a visually stunning succulent with a distinctive rosette structure formed by thick, overlapping leaves. The leaves are shaped like flattened, rounded petals, and their coloration ranges from shades of green to various pastel tones, with a subtle powdery coating.
Graptopetalums, also called ghost crops, thrive with daylight, occasional watering, and pest monitoring.

Graptopetalums are normally a bit of bigger however nonetheless compact sufficient for small pots or sneaking into sandy beds. They’re generally often called ghost crops, due to the pale and ghostly shade of among the hottest varieties. There are additionally just a few hybrids of this frequent genus, together with the following entry on this listing.

Graptopetalums can shortly lose their form and stretch towards the closest gentle supply in the event that they don’t obtain sufficient solar. Past that, giving them a bit of water each couple of weeks and awaiting pests is all you actually need to maintain them joyful.

Graptoveria

Close-up of Graptoveria in a large blue pot. Graptoveria is a visually charming succulent that showcases a captivating rosette formation composed of thick, plump leaves. The leaves are typically arranged in a spiraling pattern, creating a symmetrical and compact structure. The leaves exhibit a pinkish tint.
This graptopetalum-echeveria hybrid gives a various, low-maintenance start line for inexperienced persons.

Graptoveria is a hybrid between graptopetalum and echeveria, combining one of the best of those two genera. There are a lot of cultivars to select from in attention-grabbing colours and patterns, spreading shortly to fill any container you plant them in.

These hybrids are usually not demanding and supreme for inexperienced persons within the succulent world. Plant them in well-draining soil and watch out to not overwater as they’re very delicate to root rot.

Pachyveria

Close-up of a Pachyveria in a pot against a blurred green background. Pachyveria is a striking succulent plant that exhibits a rosette growth pattern, forming compact, symmetrical clusters of thick, fleshy leaves. The leaves are often spoon-shaped, slightly oblong, with pointed tips of a pinkish color. Leaves are blue-green.
This echeveria-pachyphytum hybrid combines plumpness and construction.

The following entry is one other echeveria hybrid, this time combining this common genus with pachyphytum. This crossing produces an lovely compact succulent that retains the plump look of pachyphytums whereas including a bit of extra construction from the echeverias.

Pachyverias look gorgeous on their very own, however they’re nice for combining with extra pointed succulents to melt a show and alter up the textures. They admire the identical circumstances because the earlier genera on this listing, providing you with lots to play with when in search of companions.

Pachyphytum

Close-up of Pachyphytum on a blurred gray background. Pachyphytum succulents display a distinctive and charming appearance with their clustered, plump leaves that resemble full balloons. The leaves are blue-green changing to a pinkish tint.
Admire pachyphytums for his or her distinctive clustered form, however keep away from touching them to protect the leaves.

As quickly as you see a pachyphytum, it’s inconceivable to not cease and admire them. With a clustered form and leaves that appear like full balloons, they’re actually one of many extra unique-looking succulents. Regardless of this departure, they’re no tougher to take care of than different beginner-friendly sorts in the event you perceive their wants.

They do look enjoyable to the touch, however I might keep away from interacting with them this manner. Mine has misplaced quite a lot of leaves from prying fingers making an attempt to squish the plump leaves.

Snake Plant

Close-up of a Snake Plant in a white decorative pot on a porch. The Snake Plant, scientifically known as Sansevieria, boasts long, pointed leaves that store ample moisture. The leaves are dark green with yellow stripes along the edges.
Select snake crops for low-light indoor areas.

Succulents are usually not advisable for long-term indoor progress as they love the solar. Nonetheless, just a few succulents fortunately develop in decrease gentle ranges, supreme for protecting as houseplants. Snake crops are certainly one of them.

This dracaena (beforehand recognized botanically as sansevieria) has lengthy, pointed leaves that retailer loads of moisture, requiring restricted watering. They’ll additionally survive low gentle, though the leaves might start to stretch in these circumstances.

Cotyledon

Close-up of a Cotyledon in a red pot. Cotyledon is a succulent with slightly rounded green leaves covered with fine white hairs. The leaves have spiky burgundy-purple edges.
Cotyledons are various in form and forgiving of neglect.

Cotyledon is an attention-grabbing genus with a lot selection that it may be laborious to inform that two species are even associated. The plump leaves are available just a few totally different shapes, from barely rounded to nearly cylindrical.

Giving these crops one of the best care begins with understanding the kind. Some develop greatest in hanging baskets the place the stems can cascade downwards, whereas others are higher suited to bigger patio or balcony containers. Fortunately, even with a little bit of neglect, they received’t give inexperienced persons any hassle.

Jade Plant

Close-up of Jade Plant against a blurred white and gray background. The Jade Plant is a classic succulent known for its resilient and tree-like appearance. It features thick, fleshy, oval-shaped leaves that grow in opposite pairs along thick stems. The leaves are glossy and dark green.
Crassula ovata is resilient and adaptable, good for inexperienced persons.

Scientifically, Crassula ovata, the jade plant, is understood for its resilience. This succulent can develop nearly wherever indoors and out, simply adapting to new circumstances. In addition they have a tree-like form as they develop, trying much like bonsai bushes (with out the technical necessities).

If you happen to’ve at all times considered your self as a black thumb, this can be the plant to alter your thoughts. So long as you keep away from overwatering, they’re one of many best succulents to maintain alive long-term.

Elephant Bush

Close-up of Elephant Bush plants in black plastic pots with mulched soil, in a greenhouse. The Elephant Bush (Portulacaria afra) is a succulent shrub with small, round, and fleshy leaves that resemble the shape of a small elephant's ear. The leaves are glossy, green, and have white edges.
Elephant bush, a beginner-friendly succulent, could be compact or allowed to develop freely.

A preferred snack amongst elephants in Southern Africa, Portulacaria afra is one other succulent shrub appropriate for inexperienced persons. You possibly can preserve it compact with common trimming or permit it to develop to its full potential in a big container or mattress. I’ve had one in a tall pot for a number of years and haven’t had any hassle – rain even takes care of all of the watering for me.

Elephant bush isn’t simply tasty for elephants – folks can eat the leaves, too. The juicy leaves are nice for sprinkling on salads. I additionally like to make use of them in smoothies for his or her excessive moisture content material.

Portulaca 

Close-up of a flowering Portulaca. This succulent produces double flowers with wavy petals in a soft pink color. The plant produces slender, fleshy leaves. The leaves are smooth and cylindrical, succulent, dark green in color.
This succulent is valued for its vibrant flowers and loves full solar.

Whereas the earlier succulents are principally grown for his or her leaves, portulaca is appreciated for its flowers. Popping up in lots of heat and vibrant colours, the flowers carpet your entire plant, trying particularly enticing in hanging baskets. It’s additionally attainable to develop them from seed that’s simply accessible, not like many different crops on this listing.

If you happen to’re rising in hanging baskets in full solar, keep in mind that the soil will dry out shortly, requiring watering a bit of extra usually if you’d like them to flower profusely.

Gasteria

Close-up of Gasteria in a ceramic green pot on a blurred green background. Gasterias are succulents with a distinctive aloe-like appearance, featuring thick, pointed leaves arranged in rosettes. The leaves are narrow, oblong, green, covered with many small creamy dots.
Gasterias have an aloe-like look, desire gentle shade, and are appropriate for indoor rising.

Gasterias have the same look to many haworthia species however are normally bigger. They’ve the identical aloe-like look with pointed leaves that add a structural look to pots or beds in hotter climates. Nonetheless, my favourite species are those with rounded and slender leaves – a novel look that you just received’t discover in lots of different crops.

Gasterias develop greatest in a frivolously shaded place. Keep away from any harsh afternoon solar to guard the leaves from harm. This additionally makes them appropriate candidates for rising indoors on a sunny windowsill.

Lithops

Top view, close-up of Lithops in a white pot on a blurred beige background. Lithops exhibit a distinctive appearance reminiscent of small, mimicry stones. These fascinating succulents are recognized for their camouflage-like patterns and colors, which resemble the surrounding pebbles and rocks. Lithops consist of two succulent leaves fused together, forming a cleft at the top where a delicate, daisy-like flower may emerge.
These lovely and beginner-friendly succulents thrive with minimal water and daylight.

Cute lithops are inconceivable to not love. Coming from harsh climates with scorching solar and little rain, many of the leaf sits beneath the soil line, with a clear high window for photosynthesis. The leaf pair finally splits to make approach for brand spanking new leaves within the heart – an attention-grabbing transformation to observe.

Most inexperienced persons kill lithops, however they’re truly splendidly beginner-friendly in the event you keep away from frequent errors like overwatering. Only a teaspoon of water is sufficient for these crops to outlive for weeks. Go away them alone in a sunny spot, and they’re certain to thrive.

Burro’s Tail

Close-up of Burro's Tail succulent in a white hanging pot on the porch. This succulent is known for its unique trailing growth habit. The plant features long, trailing stems that are densely covered with plump, blue-green, tear-shaped leaves.
Burro’s tail, supreme for hanging baskets or balconies, wants partial solar.

One other common hanging basket candidate, burro’s tail is the right patio or balcony plant. The leaves cluster collectively alongside hanging stems, giving them their comical frequent identify. Rising greatest in partial solar, they’re additionally appropriate for rising indoors close to a sunny south-facing window.

There are two frequent errors inexperienced persons usually make when rising these crops – an excessive amount of water and too little solar. Keep away from these points, and also you received’t have hassle rising this plant, whilst a beginner.

Ice Plant

Close-up shot of a blooming Ice plant succulent in a sunny garden. This succulent is characterized by fleshy, triangular leaves of a dark green color. The plant produces daisy-like flowers with yellow central discs and bright orange, ray-shaped thin petals radiating from the center.
Select ice crops for low-maintenance floor cowl in powerful areas, however keep away from extraordinarily chilly circumstances.

If you happen to’re in search of a succulent groundcover, probably changing lawns in powerful or sandy areas, ice crops are a terrific possibility. These vigorous growers are nice for overlaying open area with a low-maintenance garden different that received’t give even the most recent gardeners issues.

Don’t let the identify ice plant idiot you – these crops can’t deal with excessive chilly. They don’t thoughts temperature dips however received’t survive in USDA zones decrease than 5.

Stonecrop

Close-up of a Stonecrop growing in a garden. This succulent forms low, spreading mats or clusters of fleshy leaves. These leaves are small, plump, teardrop-shaped, and greenish-burgundy in color.
This succulent has 400+ species and thrives in sandy soil.

Stonecrop is the frequent identify for crops within the Sedum genus, additionally usually grown as a groundcover. There are over 400 species (together with the beforehand talked about burro’s tail), providing countless selection for any a part of your backyard.

Completely different species might have barely totally different wants, however the fundamentals are the identical. Plant in sandy soil and keep away from overwatering to stop the commonest killer of those crops – rot. Following these circumstances, inexperienced persons ought to discover stonecrops worry-free.

Aeonium

Close-up of Aeoniums with water drops. Aeoniums are captivating succulents known for their rosette-shaped clusters of fleshy leaves that radiate from a central stem. The leaves are spoon-shaped and have shades ranging from deep purple to burgundy and green towards the center.
Tree houseleeks pair effectively with shorter succulents, providing shade selection.

Generally often called tree houseleeks, these attention-grabbing succulents are straightforward to identify. They’ve the basic houseleek rosettes, however these seem on tall stems to offer the plant extra peak and a tree-like form. They are perfect for pairing with shorter succulents to essentially fill out a container.

There are a number of shade choices for newbie gardeners to select from. If you happen to’re in search of one thing a bit of extra dramatic, I like to recommend the black aeoniums for his or her deep and darkish purple leaves.

Kalanchoe

Close-up of a blooming Kalanchoe blossfeldiana against a blurred window background. This compact plant features glossy, fleshy leaves with scalloped edges, dark green. The blossoms are small, with double petals, and bright yellow.
Kalanchoe, favored for its vibrant flowers, thrives in low gentle and prefers well-draining, gritty soil.

Kalanchoe is one other succulent genus common amongst houseplant lovers. Whereas many species have distinctive foliage (just like the lovely panda plant), kalanchoes are sometimes grown for his or her vibrant flowers. Tolerating low gentle ranges effectively, they flower reliably all year long, indoors and out.

When planting your kalanchoe, irrespective of the species, select gritty soil that drains shortly. If you happen to don’t wish to make your personal combine, search for potting mixes with a ‘succulent and cacti’ label to supply the right circumstances.

African Milk Tree

Close-up of an African Milk Tree (Euphorbia trigona) against a blurred window background. The African Milk Tree, also known as the Cathedral Cactus, presents a distinctive succulent appearance with a tall, erect stem adorned with spikes for protection. This succulent showcases a tree-like structure, with leaves forming along the stem, giving it a palm-like silhouette.
Euphorbia trigona resembles a cactus and thrives in solar and well-draining soil.

That includes a cactus look with out the precise cactus classification, the African milk tree is an effective way so as to add peak to your succulent containers. Botanically named Euphorbia trigona, it’s carefully associated to many different easy-care succulents with the same cactus-like construction. That’s additionally why it has the opposite frequent identify, cathedral cactus.

If you need your African milk tree to develop to its full potential, plant it in a comparatively giant pot in well-draining soil. Loads of direct solar will even forestall stretching that may make the plant look diminished and lose form over time.

Desert Rose

Close-up of a blooming Desert Rose succulent (Adenium obesum) in a sunny garden. This succulent is characterized by stunning, rose-like flowers in a vibrant pink color. The large blooms emerge from a thick succulent stem, imparting a visual resemblance to a bonsai tree. The flowers are tubular in shape with frilly edges on the petals. The leaves are oval-shaped, glossy, fleshy, dark green in color.
Adenium obesum thrives with minimal water, full solar, and heat.

The desert rose (Adenium obesum) is understood for its eye-catching flowers in a variety of gorgeous colours. The massive blooms look identical to roses, rising from a thick succulent stem that makes the plant look nearly like a bonsai tree, very similar to jade crops.

Regardless of their intricate look, the desert rose is just not tough to develop. The secret is within the identify – present desert-like circumstances, and this plant will thrive. Hold it in full solar and water minimally, and preserve it out of chilly temperatures to guard it from harm.

Agave

Close-up of an Agave with variegated foliage in a large decorative pot. This succulent forms a beautiful rosette of fleshy, rigid variegated leaves. They are green with cream edges. The leaves have pointed tips and spiny edges.
Agaves are spectacular in backyard beds however want little water and are beginner-friendly.

Agaves are giant succulents that make a powerful assertion in any backyard mattress. Though they begin small, the leaves shortly fill out to type giant rosettes in attention-grabbing shapes. Requiring little water or consideration after planting, these drought-tolerant succulents are perfect for newbie gardeners in hotter USDA zones.

There’s loads of selection on this genus, making it tough to decide on only one. In beds, I might go for the tender however structural foxtail agave. In containers, the Queen Victoria agave has fascinating coloring that appears nearly painted.

Madagascar Palm

Close-up of Pachypodium lamerei in a large clay pot on a wooden table in a bright room. This succulent features a thick, bottle-shaped trunk adorned with sharp spines. The leaves, concentrated at the top of the trunk, form a rosette with a palm-like arrangement.
This tree-like succulent requires sturdy containers to stop toppling because it grows.

The Madagascar palm is one other member of the tree-like succulent grouping. It has a thick stem or trunk full of spikes to guard it from predators. Leaves arch outwards from the highest, giving the plant a palm-like form. The palm within the identify comes from this form solely, as it isn’t associated to true palms.

If you happen to’re rising in containers, keep in mind that these succulents can simply topple over in the event that they turn into too giant for the container. Both repot right into a sturdier container or weigh the pot down with pebbles to cease it from falling over.

Aloe

Close-up of Aloe in a pot. Aloe, a renowned succulent genus, presents a striking appearance with its fleshy, lance-shaped leaves that form a rosette. The leaves feature serrated edges and display vibrant green hues.
Aloes embrace many species appropriate for inexperienced persons.

The Aloe genus is known worldwide for its medicinal properties. Aloe vera is undoubtedly the preferred, usually utilized in magnificence merchandise or burn remedies, and it may be grown indoors. Nonetheless, there may be far more to this genus than this singular species, with many decisions for inexperienced persons and skilled gardeners.

If stored in the correct circumstances (full solar and well-draining soil), aloes will develop fairly shortly. Hold the mature measurement of your chosen species in thoughts to keep away from repotting too usually.

Fenestraria

Close-up of Fenestraria in a large decorative pot. Fenestraria, commonly known as "Baby Toes," boasts a distinctive appearance with small cylindrical leaves emerging from the soil, resembling tiny toes. The leaves have transparent windows at the top for photosynthesis.
Child toes thrive in daylight and have many cylindrical, toe-like leaves.

This succulent has probably the most lovely frequent names – child toes. That’s as a result of the leaves emerge from the soil in small cylindrical shapes, trying identical to tiny toes. Of their pure habitats, the leaves principally develop beneath the soil like lithops, with clear home windows on the high for photosynthesis.

These are true desert succulents that want loads of direct daylight and little or no water to develop. If you happen to water when the soil remains to be moist, the leaves will start to rot on the base.

String of Hearts

Close-up of String of Hearts in a small terracotta pot on a white shelf against a blurred background of potted houseplants. The Ceropegia woodii is a visually enchanting succulent with slender trailing vines that bear small, heart-shaped leaves. The delicate foliage is green, variegated with silver markings
This charming succulent boasts cascading heart-shaped leaves and desires average watering.

The proper Valentine’s Day reward, string of hearts appears precisely as its frequent identify describes. The skinny vines produce small heart-shaped leaves, supreme for cascading down the perimeters of hanging baskets. In addition they have distinctive patterns and colours, significantly within the variegated varieties.

Because the vines are skinny and the foliage is delicate, string of hearts wants a bit of extra water than another succulents on this listing. But it surely’s nonetheless essential to not overdo it – they don’t like soggy soil both.

String of Pearls

Close-up of String of Pearls succulent (Senecio rowleyanus) in a small clay pot on a white table, against a gray background. The String of Pearls is a charming succulent with long cascading vines adorned by small, spherical leaves resembling peas on a string.
This plant is ideal for indoor or frivolously shaded areas and calls for oblique gentle and cautious watering.

The ultimate entry on the listing is right for rising indoors or on frivolously shaded balconies – string of pearls. Lengthy vines produce tiny spherical leaves that develop nearer collectively in increased gentle ranges. They’re delicate to intense direct solar however do admire a full day of oblique gentle to develop efficiently.

Newcomers usually wrestle with string of pearls for 2 causes – overwatering and lack of daylight. They’re thought-about beginner-friendly in the event you preserve their most popular circumstances in thoughts and keep away from these errors.

Last Ideas

Whether or not you’re new to succulents or gardening generally, selecting certainly one of these 27 crops will make caring on your succulent backyard a breeze.

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