15 Greatest Vegetable Combos To Plant in Raised Beds

Becoming every little thing you need to develop in a raised mattress may be difficult. Whereas shopping for one other raised mattress will undoubtedly will let you develop extra greens, rigorously selecting the place you plant your crops can even assist you profit from your house. Haphazardly packing your crops right into a small house will possible result in illness, nutrient deficiencies, pests, and different issues, however using companion planting and intercropping will increase the percentages of wholesome crops.

Earlier than you lay out your backyard, take a minute to study which veggies develop effectively collectively. I’ll cowl 15 tried and true duos which you can strive your self. Couple this info with plant mixtures you must keep away from, and also you’ll be effectively in your strategy to designing a raised mattress stuffed with completely happy crops.

Lettuce and Tomatoes

Lettuce leaves contrast against deep green tomato foliage, both flourishing in a wooden raised bed.
Plant lettuce in spring earlier than the final frost and tomatoes a couple of weeks after.

This mixture is one in all my favorites for raised beds. It means that you can develop two of the most well-liked greens whereas saving treasured backyard house. In case you’re considering that lettuce and tomatoes thrive in several rising seasons, you’re proper! Nonetheless, you’ll be able to reap the benefits of the crops’ overlapping late spring season to plant them collectively.

Since lettuce grows finest in cool climate, you must plant it in your raised mattress someday in spring. The crops can tolerate mild frosts, so planting a couple of weeks earlier than your final frost date is simply advantageous. Since tomatoes will change into careworn at temperatures under 50°F (10°C), you shouldn’t transplant them into your backyard till a couple of weeks after your final frost. At this level, your lettuce crops shall be nearly prepared to reap, so you’ll be able to tuck your tomato seedlings between your rows of lettuce crops.

An alternative choice is to plant heat-tolerant lettuce crops beside your tomatoes. The rising tomatoes will present a little bit of shade for the lettuce crops, and the lettuce will assist suppress weeds. And since lettuce crops require fewer vitamins than tomatoes, you gained’t have to fret concerning the leafy greens robbing your treasured tomato crops of nitrogen and phosphorus.

Carrots and Radishes

Carrots sprout from rich brown soil, basking in sunlight as their lush green leaves absorb nutrients.
Harvest radishes earlier than they crowd out the slower-growing carrots.

Whereas carrots and radishes are each root crops, they belong to totally different plant households. Since they share few pests and illnesses, it’s advantageous to plant them proper subsequent to one another with out worrying about an issue leaping from one crop to the subsequent. Each of those crops thrive in cool climate, so you’ll be able to plant them within the spring and once more within the fall.

My favourite strategy to develop carrots and radishes collectively is to plant alternating rows of the 2 crops. Carrots are sluggish to germinate and develop, however radishes are prepared to reap in as little as three weeks after you plant the seeds. By the point the radishes begin crowding out the carrots, they’ll be prepared to choose.

This differing development charge means you’ll be able to plant radishes and carrots fairly shut collectively. Planting the rows two to 3 inches aside is simply advantageous. The radishes will assist shade out weeds whereas the carrots develop, limiting the quantity of weeding you might want to full. And since carrots desire low soil nitrogen ranges, you don’t have to fret concerning the heavy-feeder radishes robbing the carrots of their vitamins.

Beets and Cabbage

Heads of fresh, green lettuces thrive under the bright sunlight, growing in a neatly arranged white raised bed.
Guarantee there may be enough spacing of 18-24 inches between the seeds.

Beets and cabbage are each cool-weather crops, which is one cause they develop effectively collectively. You’ll be able to plant them within the spring or fall and harvest each crops a couple of months after planting. And since the crops are in several plant households, you don’t have to fret concerning the unfold of illnesses like Cercospora leaf spot and black rot.

One factor to bear in mind when planting beets and cabbage collectively is the scale of cabbage crops. Whereas the mature measurement depends upon selection, you’ll be able to anticipate most crops to be 18-24 inches large at maturity. Due to this fact, you must depart satisfactory house between your cabbage seedlings and beet seeds. In case you’re planting a number of cabbages in a row, plant a line of beet seeds two toes away from the cabbages.

One other wonderful thing about planting these two crops collectively is that they will each tolerate mild frosts. Due to this fact, you don’t should cowl them with row cowl for those who’re anticipating temperatures to drop into the excessive 20s Fahrenheit (~-7°C).

Peppers and Endive

Red peppers hang from lush green stems and leaves, flourishing within a wooden raised bed.
Harvest endive as soon as pepper crops overshadow greens.

Very like with lettuce and tomatoes, peppers and endive develop finest in several seasons. Endive thrives in cool spring climate and turns into careworn when sizzling climate arrives, whereas peppers thrive within the warmth of summer season. Nonetheless, since endive isn’t fairly prepared to reap by the point you’re able to plant your peppers, you’ll be able to tuck your pepper crops in together with your greens to avoid wasting house.

By the point your pepper crops are giant sufficient to crowd out your greens, you’ll be able to go forward and harvest your endive. The endive can have shaded out the realm and prevented weeds from rising, however you’ll be able to mulch the realm if you want. Since peppers are such heavy feeders, you must apply extra fertilizer after you take away the endive. 

Scallions and Kale

A large raised wooden bed filled with rich soil, and green scallions stretching toward the sky.
House these greens aside adequately to stop overcrowding.

Though scallions can thrive year-round in lots of environments, they develop particularly effectively within the spring and fall. And since kale additionally thrives in cool circumstances, you’ll be able to develop these two crops collectively in a raised mattress on the similar time of the 12 months.

Kale crops are likely to develop out in addition to up, whereas scallions stay condensed and solely develop upward. Due to this fact, you’ll be able to tuck scallion crops alongside the perimeters of your kale rows or intersperse scallion crops amongst your kale. Scallion and kale crops develop at comparable charges, so that you’ll need to house the crops far sufficient aside that you just keep away from overcrowding. In case you transplant each scallions and kale, hold the scallions a foot away from the kale crops.

Since scallions have small root techniques, you don’t have to fret concerning the two crops competing for water and vitamins. This planting may lower pests on kale since members of the onion household have been proven to scale back brassica pests.

Lettuce and Okra

A close-up of green okra pod nestled among lush leaves, showcasing its textured surface.
Plant okra seedlings when temperatures are persistently above 55°F (18°C).

Since okra is a heat-loving crop that’s delicate to chilly, it’s one of many final veggies you must plant in your backyard. However that doesn’t imply you must depart your soil naked till okra planting time arrives! As a substitute, you’ll be able to plant lettuce within the spring after which tuck your okra crops in between these tender greens.

If you wish to do that technique, depart just a little bit of additional house between lettuce crops. When you can plant lettuces like romaine and buttercrunch a foot aside, house them 15 inches aside if you wish to interplant okra. As soon as nighttime temperatures stay above 55°F (18°C), go forward and plant okra seedlings between your lettuce crops.

By the point the okra crops start to shade out your lettuce seedlings, the greens shall be prepared to reap. As soon as the lettuce is gone, you’ll be able to mulch the realm underneath the okra crops or simply hold a watch out for weeds.

Corn and Winter Squash

Lush corn stalks grow in a raised bed; their glossy leaves shimmering in the sunlight.
Enable 20-25 sq. toes for every winter squash plant.

These crops are two members of the basic ‘Three Sisters’ technique of planting corn, beans, and squash collectively. The winter squash covers the bottom, suppressing weeds that may in any other case take over the corn. Plus, the leaves shade the bottom and restrict the quantity you might want to water.

You’ll be able to plant any sort of corn and trailing winter squash for this pairing. Each candy corn and popcorn work effectively, as do butternut squash and spaghetti squash. Though you might be used to consuming winter squash through the cooler months, the crops want a protracted rising season to develop and set fruit. Which means you must plant each squash and corn within the late spring or early summer season.

If you’re planting your crops, hold the crops’ totally different development varieties in thoughts. Since corn grows tall and upright, you’ll be able to house particular person seeds 8-10 inches aside with 24-30 inches between rows. Nonetheless, since winter squash has such a sprawling type, you must enable 20-25 sq. toes of house for every plant. Usually, meaning one winter squash plant per raised mattress.

Tomato and Basil

Vibrant green basil leaves flourish in rich, dark soil, tucked within a raised garden bed.
Entice useful bugs by rising basil close to tomatoes.

Tomatoes and basil are nice companions within the kitchen and backyard. Each crops thrive in sizzling climate, and their totally different development varieties complement one another. Whereas tomato crops develop tall and upright with the right assist, basil crops stay shorter and extra compact. Which means rising basil beside your tomato crops helps suppress weeds.

Basil crops additionally produce tiny flowers that entice useful bugs, together with ladybugs, inexperienced lacewings, and parasitic wasps. These good bugs feed on pests like aphids and tomato hornworms, which limits the necessity for chemical pest management.

House your herbs 12-18 inches away from the bottom of your tomato crops to keep up correct airflow and make sure the basil receives sufficient mild. In case you discover the tomato leaves are crowding out the tomato crops, you’ll be able to prune off the decrease leaves. It will restrict the percentages that your crops develop fungal illnesses like downy mildew and powdery mildew.

Dill and Cucumbers

A close-up of a young cucumber basking in sunlight, while it hangs from a vine within a wooden raised bed.
Encouraging pure predators like parasitic wasps may help management cucumber beetles.

That’s proper; dill and cucumbers go effectively collectively within the backyard and the kitchen! Planting dill alongside your cucumbers means that you can harvest dill leaves early within the season and decide flowers when your cucumbers are prepared to reap. The flowers additionally assist herald useful bugs that assist hold your cucumber crops wholesome.

Cucumber beetles are infamous pests of cucumber crops—they will shortly flip beforehand wholesome leaves to lacy shades of inexperienced, and so they additionally transmit deadly bacterial wilt. Encouraging pure predators is a technique to assist hold cucumber beetles at bay. Good bugs like parasitic wasps and tachinid flies love feeding on the small flowers produced by dill crops. Whereas the adults feed on pollen and nectar, the larvae feed on (and kill) cucumber beetles.

Since your dill will begin to flower through the summer season, go forward and plant one other succession of dill in order for you continued entry to the feathery leaves. You’ll be able to plant this second spherical of dill close to your cucumbers or plant them in one other spot.

Bush Beans and Broccoli

A row of broccoli leaves, textured with veins, basking in the glow of radiant sunlight.
Develop beans in late spring or summer season for nitrogen fixation.

Since broccoli and bush beans are each giant crops that take up an excellent quantity of house within the backyard, you shouldn’t plant them carefully collectively. However for those who get your timing proper, these crops complement one another!

Bush beans thrive in heat climate, so you must plant them within the late spring or summer season. Because the crops develop, their roots develop tiny nodules that host nitrogen-fixing micro organism. These microbes seize nitrogen from the environment and convert it right into a plant-available type. The nitrogen the bean crops don’t use is then held within the soil.

Since broccoli is a heavy feeder, planting beans both earlier than or after you develop broccoli will replenish or increase with nitrogen. And since these crops are in several plant households, you don’t have to fret about illnesses or pests leaping between the 2 crops.

Corn and Pole Beans

Tall green corn stalks, each crowned with golden seed heads, reaching towards the sky.
These thrive when planted collectively after the hazard of frost has handed.

One other pairing from the Three Sisters technique is corn and pole beans. The beans’ roots play host to nitrogen-fixing micro organism that convert atmospheric nitrogen right into a plant-available type. This course of advantages corn crops since they require numerous nitrogen to stay wholesome and produce full ears of corn. In the meantime, the corn acts as a assist for the trailing pole beans, eliminating the necessity to set up a trellis.

Any sort of corn and pole bean works for this pairing. You’ll be able to select recent snap beans, greasy beans, or shelling beans. Popcorn, candy corn, and milling corn all work effectively!

Since each of those crops thrive in heat climate, wait till the hazard of frost has handed to plant them. Direct seeding works effectively because the giant seeds are simple to plant and fast to germinate. Spacing the corn about 10 inches aside in a row with two toes between every row. As soon as the corn seedlings are six inches tall, plant one bean seed three inches away from every corn plant.

Onions and Carrots

Two wooden raised beds, one bursting with carrots, the other adorned with slender green onions.
Stagger planting dates to synchronize harvest instances.

Onions and carrots are each slender crops that don’t take up a lot house in your backyard. Due to this fact, you’ll be able to plant these crops shut to one another with out worrying about one plant taking up the opposite. Planting alternating rows of onions and carrots works effectively so long as you permit six inches of house between the rows.

Planting these two crops collectively can restrict pests on each crops. Onions assist scale back the variety of carrot flies that assault carrot crops, and the carrots restrict thrips strain on the onion’s leaves.

Since onions take a couple of weeks longer to mature than carrots, anticipate to reap the carrots first. If you wish to keep away from disturbing your onions while you dig your carrots, you’ll be able to plant your onions first, then plant your carrot seeds a couple of weeks later. This fashion, each crops shall be prepared to reap on the similar time.

Peas and Spinach

A close-up of green snap pea plants with their delicate leaves bathed in warm sunlight.
Trellising peas helps their development and advantages close by spinach.

These two fashionable spring crops pair effectively collectively in your raised mattress gardens. They each thrive in cool climate and tolerate frost, so you’ll be able to tuck them within the floor within the early spring. Heat climate will trigger them to say no, so anticipate to take away each crops someday in early summer season.

Since peas have a sprawling and trailing type, trellising them is crucial for those who don’t need them to take over your total raised mattress. A steel fence panel or piece of plastic Hortonova trellis each work effectively as helps. As soon as your peas are climbing up the trellis, you’ll be able to plant your spinach seeds six inches away from the peas.

Because the peas develop, they host nitrogen-fixing micro organism that improve soil nitrogen ranges. That is nice for the spinach as a result of it requires numerous nitrogen to keep up its darkish inexperienced colour. The spinach covers the bottom close to the pea crops, shading out weeds and limiting competitors for water and vitamins.

Zucchini and Radishes

A wooden raised bed filled with lush zucchini leaves spreading out expansively, surrounded by other green plants in the background.
Guarantee radishes are prepared to reap in about three weeks.

In case you’ve ever grown zucchini, {that a} single plant takes up numerous house! The crops’ giant leaves cowl the bottom and shade out any crops you place inside three toes. Nonetheless, since zucchini seedlings take a couple of weeks to measurement up, you’ll be able to sneak in some quick-growing radishes within the empty house round your zucchini plant.

As soon as your zucchini seedling is within the floor, it’s time to sow your radish seeds. Plant the seeds 12-18 inches away out of your zucchini crops to make sure the roots obtain sufficient mild. In about three weeks, your radishes shall be prepared to reap.

Since this pairing depends on the radishes’ quick-growing nature, be certain that to decide on smaller varieties which have a short while to maturity. Keep away from bigger daikon radishes and watermelon radishes since these crops take 50-60 days to develop earlier than they’re prepared to reap.

Cauliflower and Beets

Vibrant beets grow in a wooden raised bed, with sunlight filtering through their lush green leaves.
These greens gained’t be prone to shared pests and illnesses.

These two cool-weather crops make a superb pairing in any raised mattress. They each thrive within the spring and fall, which implies you’ll be able to plant them on the similar time. Nonetheless, cauliflower grows finest when transplanted, whereas beets desire to be direct sown.

Since cauliflower crops can develop as much as three toes large, hold this in thoughts while you’re planting your beet seeds. In case you’re rising a row of cauliflower crops, plant a row of beet seeds 18 inches away out of your cauliflower crops. You too can plant beets in a round sample round a single cauliflower plant.

Beets and cauliflower are in several plant households, so you don’t have to fret about pests and illnesses leaping between the crops. And since beets are mild feeders and cauliflower crops are heavy feeders, you don’t have to fret concerning the crops robbing one another of vitamins.

Ultimate Ideas

Now that among the finest veggie pairings for raised beds, you can begin planning your backyard! Since totally different crops thrive at totally different instances, don’t be afraid to make the most of a couple of of those pairings. Getting artistic with house won’t solely will let you match extra greens, however it will possibly additionally result in more healthy crops and bigger harvests.

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