11 Greatest Bonsai Tree Varieties for Rookies


Bonsai is a lovely and chic artwork type that dates again 1000’s of years and includes the miniaturization of many lovely kinds of bushes. These miniature however mature bushes are gorgeous examples of their full-sized counterparts that enable us to form and prepare a tree that will in any other case not be really easy to form.

This historic artwork type may appear intimidating at first. In case you’re not acquainted with the method, there are fairly a couple of elements that go into coaching and shaping a bonsai tree. Some bushes take very nicely to the method, whereas others current some issue and require extra superior abilities. 

In case you’re simply getting began, it’s a good suggestion to pick out a plant that falls on the better finish of the issue spectrum. These bushes are versatile and sturdy and are usually forgiving in the course of the studying course of. Listed here are a few of our favourite newbie bonsai bushes

Ficus

Close-up of Ficus bonsai, derived from the Ficus genus, is a captivating miniature tree cultivated through the ancient art of bonsai. Characterized by its glossy, elliptical leaves and smooth bark, the Ficus bonsai exudes a classic and elegant appearance.
Fertilize ficus bushes each two weeks throughout energetic progress.
botanical-name
botanical title


Ficus
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full Solar
water-needs
water wants


Reasonable
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


10-11

Ficus bushes are sometimes thought-about one of the best newbie tree as a result of they’re very sturdy and forgiving. These bushes have lovely aerial root programs that add numerous intricate curiosity in bonsai type. They take nicely to shaping and coaching as nicely, so they’re nice for experimenting with completely different styling strategies. 

This can be a heat local weather tree, so in the event you reside outdoors of zones 10-11, yours has to spend the winter indoors. It does finest in full solar, however it can tolerate some shade. Ficus likes excessive humidity and moist soil, so ensure to water it commonly. The aerial roots develop in response to excessive ranges of humidity, so holding it open air in the course of the heat months will assist this alongside. 

Give your ficus bonsai a light-weight utility of fertilizer each two weeks and as soon as monthly throughout its dormant interval of winter. Watch out when wiring branches. Don’t bend them too far, or the wires can lower into the comfortable bark.

Juniper

View of Juniperus bonsai standing outdoors near a wooden fence. Juniper bonsai is a miniature version of the Juniper tree cultivated for the art of bonsai. This small evergreen tree is characterized by a distinctive, needle-like foliage of dark green color. The branches are carefully trained and pruned to create the classic, windswept, or cascading bonsai styles.
Outside-friendly juniper bonsai thrives in chilly climates, showcasing color-changing foliage.
botanical-name
botanical title


Juniperus
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full Solar
water-needs
water wants


Reasonable
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


3-9

Juniper bushes make among the most fascinating bonsai specimens. These evergreens are very cold-tolerant, to allow them to be grown open air all yr. They don’t do nicely as indoor bonsai bushes. As an alternative, select this one in your out of doors residing area. 

The foliage on sure kinds of juniper bushes adjustments shade within the fall, deepening to a wealthy purplish brown. It gained’t drop its needles, although they are going to change again to inexperienced within the spring. This can be a mechanism that protects the foliage from frost.

Juniper bushes like greater humidity, which they readily get open air. In case you reside in a really dry local weather, juniper could be extra sophisticated for that reason. This tree’s soil ought to be allowed to dry out nearly fully earlier than watering. Water deeply and fertilize weakly weekly.

Maple

View of Acer bonsai in a blue pot outdoors. This small tree forms a trunk adorned with distinctive palmate leaves with lobes radiating from a central point. These leaves are bright red.
Vibrant maples excel as bonsai with quick progress and distinctive summer season defoliation.
botanical-name
botanical title


Acer
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full solar to partial shade
water-needs
water wants


Excessive
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


5-8

For a lovely tree with placing fall shade, maples are versatile and make wonderful bonsai bushes. Most maple bushes have foliage that adjustments to daring reds, oranges, and gold within the fall months, and a few have colourful new progress within the spring as nicely. They’ve skinny, engaging bark and develop fairly quick.

Maple bushes flower, however the flowers are much less outstanding than the leaves, so they’re usually missed. A part of the magic of a bonsai is that these issues that go unnoticed on a bigger scale are sometimes a lot simpler to look at in miniature. 

Maple bonsai bushes profit from summer season defoliation. Then, the plant replaces the loss with a second, and often finer, set of leaves. Whereas the tree is rising, it must be watered each day, however much less so within the winter. Fertilize your maple as soon as per week with diluted natural fertilizer.

Bald Cypress

Close-up of Taxodium distichum bonsai in a brown pot on a gray and white background. This small tree has a slightly sinuous gray-brown trunk with beautiful symmetrical branches. It includes feathery, deciduous needles arranged in a spiral pattern on delicate, scaled branches, and a tapered trunk. The leaves are bright green.
A deciduous possibility, Bald Cypress bonsai wants persistently moist soil.
botanical-name
botanical title


Taxodium distichum
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full Solar
water-needs
water wants


Excessive
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


4-10

Bald cypress bushes are fantastic deciduous bushes that take nicely to bonsai coaching. They should keep moist, particularly in the course of the summer season, so inserting the pot in a shallow water dish is an effective method to make sure your cypress by no means dries out. 

The leaves are comfortable and light-weight inexperienced in the summertime, altering to a reddish gold shade in fall earlier than falling off. In winter, bald cypress has decrease gentle and water wants, however in summer season, full solar is the popular situation for this tree.

Though they’re cold-tolerant of their full-sized type, bald cypress bonsai bushes are weak to frost. In colder climates, bald cypress bonsais will should be introduced indoors for the winter. Fertilize this tree each two weeks all year long. 

Chinese language Boxwood

Close-up of Buxus harlandii in bonsai form on a blue background. Buxus harlandii bonsai, derived from the Harland Boxwood, presents a compact and refined miniature version of the shrub ideal for bonsai cultivation. The bonsai features small, elliptical glossy green leaves densely covering its intricately pruned branches, capturing the essence of a mature boxwood in a diminutive form.
Boxwoods excel as bonsai with small foliage, chilly tolerance, and responsiveness to pruning.
botanical-name
botanical title


Buxus harlandii
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full solar to partial shade
water-needs
water wants


Reasonable
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


5-9

There are many species of boxwood, and all are pretty evergreens that make wonderful topiaries and hedges. Chinese language boxwood is the one that’s mostly educated to be a bonsai tree. This tree has comparatively good chilly tolerance however will climate the winter higher in a greenhouse or a cool indoor room. 

The small foliage makes this a super bonsai, as it’s naturally predisposed to remaining small all through the plant’s slightly lengthy life. Defoliation works fairly nicely on boxwood and can lead to splendidly compact and dense foliage. In the summertime, boxwood will thrive open air in a sunny spot. 

Boxwoods are very conscious of trimming and pruning and bud on previous wooden in addition to new. Their trunks and branches usually twist naturally, making coaching this tree uncomplicated and well-suited for bonsai. 

Azalea

Close-up of Azalea bonsai in a burgundy clay pot against a blurred background. This bonsai variety is characterized by its small, vibrant, delicate pink flowers. The Azalea bonsai's delicate, glossy green leaves provide an elegant backdrop to the profusion of blossoms. Its branches are carefully pruned and shaped to showcase a balanced and aesthetically pleasing form.
This bonsai, with gorgeous spring blooms, wants solar, safety from rain, and cautious pruning.
botanical-name
botanical title


Rhododendron tsusui
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full solar to partial shade
water-needs
water wants


Reasonable
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


6-9

For a bonsai with spectacular flowering functionality with out the problem introduced by different flowering bushes, an azalea makes a wonderful, low-maintenance, and hardy bonsai tree. For essentially the most half, this tree wants a good quantity of solar, however it ought to have some safety within the afternoon, significantly in the summertime. 

Their flowers, which bloom in spring, ought to be shielded from rain, as being rained on will shorten their lifespan dramatically. They will tolerate a light-weight frost, however throughout extended durations of chilly climate, they want some safety and ought to be introduced indoors. 

Though their branches change into brittle with age and don’t take nicely to wiring, they do department finely, which lends to wonderful ramification. In case you can recognize azalea’s pure form, they take nicely to pruning. Do your pruning after the flowers fall for optimum blooms the next season. Azaleas bloom on mature wooden, so pruning too near bloom time will lead to few, if any, flowers. 

Ginseng Ficus

Close-up of Ginseng Ficus bonsai in a garden with a blurred background. This bonsai features a bulbous, gnarled root system resembling the ginseng root. The glossy, dark green leaves are small and densely packed, creating a lush canopy. The branches are carefully trained and pruned.
Low-maintenance ginseng ficus thrives with pruning, wiring, and common watering.
botanical-name
botanical title


Ficus microcarpa
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Brilliant oblique gentle
water-needs
water wants


Reasonable
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


September 11

Ficus bushes, typically, make wonderful, low-maintenance bonsai bushes that may tolerate some newbie habits. They don’t seem to be chilly tolerant, so in all however the warmest climates, they should come indoors in the course of the winter months. Temperatures beneath 60°F (15°C) gradual this tree down. 

As with different ficus species, the engaging aerial roots want a big quantity of humidity to develop. Nonetheless, the foliage is sturdy and takes nicely to defoliation. On the whole, the tree is tolerant of low humidity. If a thick trunk is desired, let this tree develop for a yr or two after which prune again laborious. It takes very nicely to pruning.

Ginseng ficus grows a big and dense crown, and the trunk and branches take properly to wiring, which leads to a stunning twisting trunk with clean, grey bark and properly molded branches as nicely.

Bougainvillea

Close-up of Bougainvillea bonsai against a blurred garden background. Renowned for its vibrant and showy appearance, this bonsai variety is distinguished by its small, ovate leaves and dazzling purple bracts. The bracts surround inconspicuous flowers, creating a visually striking display.
This tropical vining shrub thrives open air, wants solar, and blossoms with colourful bracts.
botanical-name
botanical title


Bougainvillea
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full solar to partial shade
water-needs
water wants


Reasonable
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


10-11

One other nice bloomer that’s straightforward to bonsai, bougainvillea is a tropical vining shrub that makes a terrific bonsai tree. It kinds brightly coloured bracts on the finish of branches, which are sometimes mistaken for flowers. The precise flowers are small and inconspicuous and type within the middle of those papery, modified leaves. 

For optimum flowering, this tree ought to reside open air as a lot as attainable. The extra solar it will get, the extra prolifically it produces its colourful bracts. Bougainvillea may be very drought-tolerant as a full-sized plant and doesn’t like moist roots, so solely water when the soil is dry to the contact. 

Bougainvillea is a vining plant with versatile new branches that take nicely to wiring and shaping. With some care, it is a really spectacular bonsai tree with a shocking trunk and prolific blooming behavior. Older branches can change into stiff, so wiring is finest completed early on. 

Chinese language Elm

Close-up of Ulmus parvifolia bonsai in a clay pot against a blurred garden background. This bonsai variety is admired for its finely serrated, small-to-medium-sized leaves that are green. The Chinese Elm bonsai is characterized by its gracefully arching branches, intricate twig structure, and a visually appealing, flaky bark.
A preferred bonsai tree, Chinese language elm thrives indoors and out.
botanical-name
botanical title


Ulmus parvifolia
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full solar to partial shade
water-needs
water wants


Reasonable
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


5-8

Chinese language elm is a really massive tree in its full measurement however may be educated into a lovely bonsai. It develops positive ramification, and the leaves stay very small, as nicely. This can be a cold-tolerant tree for essentially the most half, however in colder climates, it wants some safety from very chilly climate. 

This can be a highly regarded tree for inexperienced persons as a result of it takes nicely to pruning and coaching. It’s sturdy and resilient and may reside indoors or out. When mature, Chinese language elm kinds engaging scaling bark with newer orange bark exhibiting between scales. 

Chinese language elm wants a good quantity of water and won’t tolerate durations of drought. It’s a faster-growing tree, and the trunk thickens early on. This tree takes very nicely to styling and is definitely formed by wiring. 

Oak

Close-up of Quercus bonsai, derived from the oak genus, is a captivating miniature representation of the iconic deciduous tree. This bonsai variety is distinguished by its lobed leaves, small and compact, showing the characteristic oak leaf shape.
This bonsai has sturdy branches, shapely leaves, and longevity.
botanical-name
botanical title


Quercus
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full Solar
water-needs
water wants


Reasonable
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


3-8

For a robust and durable bonsai, attempt an oak tree. Most of them are deciduous and cold-hardy as full-sized bushes however want some safety from frost as a bonsai. As full-sized bushes, oaks are very massive and reside for a whole bunch of years, so it is a bonsai that may final a lifetime and extra. 

Due to their shapely leaves, oaks make very fairly bonsai bushes. Their foliage adjustments shade within the fall, turning shades of gold and bronze earlier than falling. Whereas dormant, they want a lowered watering schedule, however throughout progress durations, they wish to be moist – not moist. 

The youthful branches are versatile and take nicely to shaping, however the older branches are usually stiff. Be certain to take away the wires earlier than the branches outgrow them, or it can lower into the bark. Oaks shouldn’t be closely defoliated, however solely the most important leaves ought to be eliminated in summer season. 

Desert Rose

Close-up of a blooming Adenium obesum bonsai in the garden against the background of a fence. The Adenium obesum bonsai, commonly known as Desert Rose, is a captivating miniature succulent tree. Characterized by its swollen, bottle-shaped trunk and sparse, succulent branches, the Desert Rose bonsai showcases leathery, elliptical leaves arranged in clusters at the branch tips. This plant produces striking, trumpet-shaped flowers of bright red color with white throats.
This distinctive bonsai adapts nicely to containers and incorporates a extensive trunk.
botanical-name
botanical title


Adenium obesum
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full Solar
water-needs
water wants


Reasonable
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


10-11

The desert rose is just not a typical bonsai, however it does adapt simply to life in a container. Subsequently, it makes a pleasant bonsai tree. It develops a pleasant, extensive trunk with attention-grabbing gray bark. The branches are usually thicker with little ramification, so it’s much less conventional in look. 

This can be a flowering tree that’s generally generally known as Japanese frangipani, because the plant bears a robust resemblance to the frangipani or plumeria tree. It’s semi-succulent. This makes it a lot much less maintenance-heavy, because it solely must be watered as soon as per week. 

Deliver this tree indoors when the temperature drops beneath 40°F (4°C), however go away it open air in the summertime for solar publicity to extend blooming. Give it some shelter from the afternoon solar, although, to extend the lifetime of the flowers. 

Remaining Ideas

The artwork of bonsai is an historic and engaging one that after was solely accessible to the very rich. These days, any gardener with the will to study can prepare a lovely bonsai tree over time. That is an train in endurance, with an amazingly fulfilling product when it’s carried out correctly. A bonsai tree is a superb plant that may endure for a lot of lifetimes whether it is taken care of correctly. 

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